• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Grasses - Short

Grass Characteristics
(A)
Annual
A plant that does not live more than 1 year.
(P)Perennial A plant that can live for more than 2 years.
(W)
Warm Season
A plant that grows in spring and summer, flowers in summer or fall.
(C)
Cool Season
A plant that grows and flowers in spring and early summer, grows slowly or becomes dormant during the hot part of the summer, and may resume growth in the fall as the weather cools.
(S)
Sod Grass
A grass that forms sod by means of rhizomes or stolons.
(B)
Bunch Grass
A grass that takes on the characteristic shape of a bunch or tuft.
(N)
Native
Grass that was part of the original vegetation of the area.
(I)
Introduced
Grass not native to North America, intentionally or unintentionally brought in by humans.
 
Short Grasses
Less than 1 foot tall(Average heights; individual plant size may vary with growing conditions.)

A

P

W

C

S

B

N

I

Aristida longiseta
Red threeawn
(Aug-Sep)

*

*

*

*

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama
(Jul-Aug)

*

*

*

*

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama
(Jul-Aug)

*

*

*

*

Bromus japonicus
Japanese brome
(Jun-Aug)

*

*

*

Bromus tectorum
Cheatgrass
(May-Jun)

*

*

*

Buchloe dactyloides
Buffalo grass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Eragrostis cilianensis
Stinkgrass
(Jul-Aug)

*

*

*

Festuca octoflora
Sixweeks fescue
(May-Jun)

*

*

*

Hordeum pusillum
Little barley
(May-Jun)

*

*

*

Muhlenbergia cuspidata
Plains muhly
(Jul-Aug)

*

*

*

*

Poa arida
Plains bluegrass
(Apr-Jun)

*

*

*

*

Poa sandbergii
Sandberg's bluegrass
(Apr-Jun)

*

*

*

*

Did You Know?

American bison on the Wind Cave National Park prairie

The American bison is the largest terrestrial mammal in North America. Male bison can weigh a ton and can run 35 miles per hour. Do not approach bison. They weigh more and can outrun you. More...