• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

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  • Trail Closure Information

    The Highland Creek Trail is closed. Backcountry Zones 1 and 2 are closed to all off-trail travel and use. The Sanctuary and Centennial Trails remain open to through traffic.

  • Temporary Road Closure Information

    Oct. 18 & 19: NPS 5 and 6 are closed for the entire weekend. Monday, Oct. 20, through Wednesday, Oct. 22, NPS 5 will be closed from Highway 87 to NPS 6. Highway 87 will be closed from Road 342 (Beaver Creek Road) north to the park boundary.

Grasses - Middle

Grass Characteristics
(A)
Annual
A plant that does not live more than 1 year.
(P)Perennial A plant that can live for more than 2 years.
(W)
Warm Season
A plant that grows in spring and summer, flowers in summer or fall.
(C)
Cool Season
A plant that grows and flowers in spring and early summer, grows slowly or becomes dormant during the hot part of the summer, and may resume growth in the fall as the weather cools.
(S)
Sod Grass
A grass that forms sod by means of rhizomes or stolons.
(B)
Bunch Grass
A grass that takes on the characteristic shape of a bunch or tuft.
(N)
Native
Grass that was part of the original vegetation of the area.
(I)
Introduced
Grass not native to North America, intentionally or unintentionally brought in by humans.
 
Mid Grasses
1 to 3 feet tall
(Average heights; individual plant size may vary with growing conditions.)

A

P

W

C

S

B

N

I

Agropyron caninum
Slender wheatgrass
(Jul-Aug)

*

*

*

*

Agropyron cristatum
Crested wheatgrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Pascopyrum smithii
Western Wheatgrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Agropyron spicatum
Bluebunch wheatgrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem
(Aug-Sep)

*

*

*

*

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama
(Jul-Aug)

*

*

*

*

Bromus commutatus
Hairy chess
(May-Jun)

*

*

*

*

Bromus inermis
Smooth bromegrass
(May-Jun)

*

*

*

*

Danthonia spicata
Poverty Grass
(Jul-Aug)

*

*

*

*

Echinochloa crusgalli
Barnyard grass
(Jul-Sep)

*

*

*

*

Hordeum jubatum
Foxtail barley
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Koeleria pyramidata
Junegrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Muhlenbergia racemosa
Marsh muhly
(Aug-Sep)

*

*

*

*

Oryzopsis asperifolia
Rough-leaved ricegrass
(May-Jun)

*

*

*

*

Oryzopsis hymenoides
Indian ricegrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Oryzopsis micrantha
Little-seed ricegrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Phleum pratense
Timothy
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Poa compressa
Canada bluegrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Poa canbyi
Canby's bluegrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Poa interior
Inland bluegrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Poa pratensis
Kentucky bluegrass
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Sitanion hystrix
Squirreltail
(Jun-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Stipa comata
Needle-and-thread
(May-Jul)

*

*

*

*

Stipa spartea
Porcupine grass
(May-Jun)

*

*

*

*

Stipa viridula
Green needlegrass
(Jul-Aug)

*

*

*

*

Did You Know?

boxwork

Wind Cave is one of the longest caves in the world and has an amazing amount of a rare cave formation called boxwork. More...