Rock layers which preserve the fossil record can also provide clues to the prehistoric sequence of events. As we study the past, we find explanations for the current plant and animal composition of the Black Hills and the surrounding plains.
For more information about the geological time line of the park click here. For a slide show of the geological history of the park and the cave click on Geology of Wind Cave.
Many studies have been done on the paleontology and fossils at Wind Cave National Park. Some of the studies or abstracts are available on line.
Did You Know?
Winds caused by changes in barometric pressure are what give Wind Cave its name. These winds have been measured at the cave's walk-in entrance at over 70 mph. The winds at the natural entrance of the cave attracted the attention of Native Americans and early settlers.