• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Coyote

Coyote - Canis latrans
Coyote - Canis latrans
Click picture for more information
NPS Photo by Tom Bean
 

Class

Mammalia
Order Carnivora
Family Canidae (dog family) including wolves, foxes.
Genus Canis
Species latrans
Name/
History
Long considered by some a pest. Under a predator elimination program, coyotes were trapped in the park in the early days of animal management. Coyote is from the Aztec cord coyotl meaning barking dog.
Size
Weight (lbs)

Male
20-50

Female
16-40

Young
1-1.5

Height (ft)

2

2

Tail (ft) 2-3
Mate January/February
Gestation 60-63 days
Birth April/May, eyes open 9-14 days, weaned 5-7 weeks, emerge from den 3 weeks.
# young 5-10
Age 13-14 years, 18 years in captivity.
Habitat/
Range

Prairies, open woodlands, brushy areas. Live in dens. Range from Alaska and Canada through most of the U.S. except for the Southeast and Northeast, into Mexico.
Current research.

Food Extremely diverse - rodents, rabbits, berries.
Predators Humans
Disease Rabies, distemper
Communication

Yap, howl to call young, socialize.

Behavior/
Characteristics
Mostly nocturnal, scavenger, less social than wolves. Because of the coyote's extraordinary ability to adapt, its habitat and range is increasing.

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