• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Centennial Paleontology Site - Discovery

Dr. Greg McDonald - paleontologist

Dr. Greg McDonald - paleontologist

NPS Photo

Routine Investigation Reveals Fossils
In July 2003, paleontologists were on a routine investigation of fossil sites in the park when something caught their attention. It was a very large set of fossil teeth. Careful study revealed that these were the teeth of an ancient hornless rhinoceros - Subhyrocodon occidentalis.

Dr. Greg McDonald discusses this discovery - Real Media File 2.4 mb
 
Day of Discovery

Day of Discovery

NPS Photo by Rod Horrocks

Protecting the Fossils

From the time of the first discovery in July, until Dr. Greg McDonald could return to do a full investigation several weeks later, wind, rain, and drying conditions caused the fossils to deteriorate.

 
One Month Later

One Month Later

NPS Photo by Rod Horrocks

The formation in which these fossils lie is the White River Group. These claystones have been affected by the changing climates since the time they were uncovered by the erosional effects of wind and rain and of freezing and thawing.

As the clay became wet and dry, it expanded and contracted causing the fossils to become extremely fractured and fragile.

For more information about the Centennial Site click on the links below.

Discovery
Site Map
Rhinoceros Skeleton
Rhinoceros Skull
Mesohippus Skeleton
Excavating the Site in 2003
Excavating the Site in 2004
Jacketing Fossils
Jacketing Large Fossils
Moving the Jacketed Fossils
Centennial Paleontology Site Overview

Read the press release about the discovery.

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