• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Birds

Common names and taxonomic order are from the A.O.U. Checklist, 2003. Click here to view results of the park's December Bird Count.

Abundance:

C

Common likely to see in proper habitat

U

Uncommon possible to see in proper habitat

R

Rare unlikely to see even in proper habitat

Residence:

PR

Permanent Resident

S

Summer Resident

W

Winter Resident

M

Migrant


Please report observations of unlisted or rare species at the park visitor center.

Click to listen to the bird's call. Most sound files are large.

 
Geese, Ducks

Abundance

Residence

Snow Goose
Chen caerulescens

R

M

Ross's Goose
Chen rossii

R

M

Canada Goose
Branta canadensis
92k wma file

R

M

Wood Duck
Aix sponsa

R

M

Gadwall
Anas strepera

R

M

American Wigeon
Anas americana

R

M

Mallard
Anas platyrhynchos

C,U

M,S

Blue-winged Teal
Anas discors

C

M

Cinnamon Teal
Anas cyanoptera

R

M

Northern Shoveler
Anas clypeata

U

M

Northern Pintail
Anas acuta
29k wma file

R

M

Green-winged Teal
Anas crecca

U

M

Red Head
Aythya americana

R

M

Ring-necked Duck
Aythya collaris

R

M

Lesser Scaup
Aythya affinis

R

M

Bufflehead
Bucephala albeola

R

M

 
Fowl-like Birds

Abundance

Residence

Gray Partridge
Perdix perdix

R

PR

Ring-neck Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
37k wma file

R

PR

Sharp-tailed Grouse
Tympanuchus phasianellus
60k wma file

U

PR

Northern Bobwhite
Colinus virginianus

R

M

Wild Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo

U

PR

 

Grebes, Pelicans, Cormorants

Abundance

Residence

Pied-billed Grebe
Podilymbus podiceps

R

M

Red Necked Grebe
Podiceps grisegena

R

M

Eared Grebe
Podiceps nigricollis

R

M

Western Grebe
Aechmophorus occidentalis

R

M

American White Pelican
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

R

M

Double-crested Cormorant
Phalacrocorax auritus
53k wma file

R

M

 
Herons, Bitterns

Abundance

Residence

American Bittern
Botaurus lentiginosus
more information...

R

M

Great Blue Heron
Ardea herodias
131k wma file

R

M,S

 
Vultures, Birds of Prey

Abundance

Residence

Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura

U

S

Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
more information...
92k wma file

R

M

Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
more information...

R

M,W

Northern Harrier
Circus cyaneus

U

M

Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter striatus
178k wma file

U

PR

Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter cooperii
68k wma file

U

PR

Northern Goshawk
Accipiter gentilis
201k wma file

R

PR

Swainson's Hawk
Buteo swainsoni

R

M

Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo jamaicensis
185k wma file

C

S

Ferruginous Hawk
Buteo regalis

R

S

Rough-legged Hawk
Buteo lagopus

R

M,W

Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos

C

PR

American Kestrel
Falco sparverius

C

S

Merlin
Falco columbarius

U,R

M,S

Peregrine Falcon
Falco peregrinus
more information...

R

M

Prairie Falcon
Falco mexicanus

U

PR

 
Rails, Coots, Cranes

Abundance

Residence

Sora
Porzana carolina

R

M,S

American Coot
Fulica americana

R

M

Sandhill Crane
Grus canadensis

R

M

 
Shorebirds, Gulls, Terns

Abundance

Residence

Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius semipalmatus

R

M

Killdeer
Charadrius vociferus
107k wma file

C

S

American Avocet
Recurvirostra americana

R

M

Greater Yellowlegs
Tringa melanoleuca
92k wma file

R

M

Lesser Yellowlegs
Tringa flavipes

R

M

Solitary Sandpiper
Tringa solitaria

R

M

Willet
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
115k wma file
more information...

R

M

Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularia
60k wma file

U,R

M,S

Upland Sandpiper
Bartramia longicauda
more information...

C

S

Long-billed Curlew
Numenius americanus

R

M

Marbled Godwit
Limosa fedoa

R

M

Long-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus

R

M

Wilson's (Common) Snipe
Gallinago gallinago

R

M

Wilson's Phalarope
Phalaropus tricolor
more information...

R

M

Red-necked Phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus

R

M

Franklin's Gull
Larus pipixcan

R

M

Bonaparte's Gull
Larus philadelphia

R

M

Ring-billed Gull
Larus delawarensis

R

M

Black Tern
Chlidonias niger

R

M

 
Doves, Cuckoos

Abundance

Residence

Rock Pigeon
Columba livia

U

PR

Mourning Dove
Zenaida macroura

C

S

Black-billed Cuckoo
Coccyzus erythropthalmus

R

S

 
Owls

Abundance

Residence

Eastern Screech Owl
Megascops asio

R

PR

Great Horned Owl
Bubo virginianus

U

PR

Snowy Owl
Bubo scandiacus

R

M,W

Burrowing Owl
Athene cunicularia
more information...

U

S

Long-eared Owl
Asio otus

R

PR

Short-eared Owl
Asio flammeus

R

PR

Northern Saw-whet Owl
Aegolius acadicus

U

PR

 
Nighthawls, Nightjars, Swifts

Abundance

Residence

Common Nighthawk
Chordeiles minor
139k wma file

C

S

Common Poorwill
Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

U

S

White-throated Swift
Aeronautes saxatalis

U

S

 
Hummingbirds

Abundance

Residence

Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Archilochus colubris
107k wma file

R

M

Broad-tailed Hummingbird
Selasphorus platycercus

R

M

Rufous Hummingbird
Selasphorus rufus

R

M

 
Kingfishers

Abundance

Residence

Belted Kingfisher
Ceryle alcyon
162k wma file

R

S

 
Woodpeckers

Abundance

Residence

Lewis' Woodpecker
Melanerpes lewis

U

S

Red-headed Woodpecker
Melanerpes erythrocephalus

U

S

Red-naped Sapsucker
Sphyrapicus nuchalis

R

S

Downy Woodpecker
Picoides pubescens

C

PR

Hairy Woodpecker
Picoides villosus
271k wma file

C

PR

Black-backed Woodpecker
Picoides arcticus

R

PR

Northern Flicker
Colaptes auratus

C

S

 
Flycatchers

Abundance

Residence

Olive-sided Flycatcher
Contopus cooperi

R

M,S

Western Wood Peewee
Contopus sordidulus

C

S

Alder Flycatcher
Empidonax alnorum

R

M

Willow Flycatcher
Empidonax traillii
92k wma file

R

M

Least Flycatcher
Empidonax minimus

R

S

Dusky Flycatcher
Empidonax oberholseri

U

S

Cordilleran Flycatcher
Empidonax occidentalis

U

S

Eastern Phoebe
Sayornis phoebe
185k wma file

R

S

Say's Phoebe
Sayornis saya

U

S

Great Crested Flycatcher
Myiarchus crinitus

R

M

Cassin's Kingbird
Tyrannus vociferans

R

M

Western Kingbird
Tyrannus verticalis

U

S

Eastern Kingbird
Tyrannus tyrannus

C

S

 
Shrikes

Abundance

Residence

Loggerhead Shrike
Lanius ludovicianus
60k wma file

U

S

Northern Shrike
Lanius excubitor

U

W

 
Vireos

Abundance

Residence

Bell's Vireo
Vireo bellii

R

S

Plumbeous Vireo
Vireo plumbeus
264k wma file

C

S

Warbling Vireo
Vireo gilvus
115k wma file

U

S

Red-eyed Vireo
Vireo olivaceus
271k wma file

R

S

 
Jays, Magpies, Crows

Abundance

Residence

Gray Jay
Perisoreus canadensis

R

PR

Blue Jay
Cyanocitta cristata
154k wma file

R

PR

Pinyon Jay
Gymnorhinus cyanochephalus

U

PR

Clark's Nutcracker
Nucifraga columbiana

R

PR

Black-billed Magpie
Pica hudsonia

C

PR

American Crow
Corvus brachyrhynchos
162k wma file

C

PR

 
Larks, Swallows

Abundance

Residence

Horned Lark
Eremophila alpestris
more information...

U

PR

Tree Swallow
Tachycineta bicolor
162k wma file

R

S

Violet-green Swallow
Tachycineta thalassina

C

S

Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Stelgidopteryx serripennis
115k wma file

R

S

Bank Swallow
Riparia riparia

R

S

Cliff Swallow
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

C

S

Barn Swallow
Hirundo rustica
115k wma file

C

S

 
Chickadees, Nuthatches, Creepers

Abundance

Residence

Black-capped Chickadee
Poecile atricapillus
209k wma file

C

PR

Red-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta canadensis
53k wma file

C

PR

White-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta carolinensis
107k wma file

C

PR

Pygmy Nuthatch
Sitta pygmaea

R

PR

Brown Creeper
Certhia americana

R

PR

 
Wrens, Kinglets

Abundance

Residence

Rock Wren
Salpinctes obsoletus

U

S

Canyon Wren
Catherpes mexicanus

U

S

House Wren
Troglodytes aedon
185k wma file

C

S

Winter Wren
Troglodytes troglodytes

R

W

Golden-crowned Kinglet
Regulus satrapa
92k wma file

R

PR

Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Regulus calendula
139k wma file

U

S,M

 
Bluebirds, Thrushes

Abundance

Residence

Eastern Bluebird
Sialia sialis
115k wma file

U

S

Mountain Bluebird
Sialia currucoides

C

S

Townsend's Solitaire
Myadestes townsendi

C

PR

Veery
Catharus fuscenscens
209k wma file

R

M

Swainson's Thrush
Catharus ustulatus
68k wma file

U

S

American Robin
Turdus migratorius
209k wma file

C

PR

 
Mimics, Thrashers, Starlings, Pipits

Abundance

Residence

Gray Catbird
Dumetella carolinensis
162k wma file

U

S

Northern Mockingbird
Mimus polyglottos
162k wma file

R

M

Sage Thrasher
Oreoscoptes montanus

R

S

Brown Thrasher
Toxostoma rufum

U

S

European Starling
Strunus vulgaris
178k wma file

U

PR

American Pipit
Anthus rubescens

R

M

 
Waxwings

Abundance

Residence

Bohemian Waxwing
Bombycilla garrulus

R

M,W

Cedar Waxwing
Bombycilla cedrorum
68k wma file

U

PR

 
Warblers

Abundance

Residence

Tennessee Warbler
Vermivora peregrina
185k wma file

R

M

Orange-crowned Warbler
Vermivora celata

U

M

Yellow Warbler
Dendroica petechia
185k wma file

U

S

Chestnut-sided Warbler
Dendroica pensylvanica
279k wma file

R

M

Black-throated Blue Warbler
Dendroica caerulescens

R

M

Yellow-rumped Warbler
Dendroica coronata
185k wma file

C

S,M

Prairie Warbler
Denroica discolor

R

M

Palm Warbler
Denroica palmarum

R

M

Blackpoll Warbler
Dendroica striata
350k wma file

R

M

Black-and-white Warbler
Mniotilta varia
131k wma file

R

M

American Redstart
Setophaga ruticilla
146k wma file

U

S

Ovenbird
Seiurus aurocapilla
92k wma file

U

S

Northern Waterthrush
Seiurus noveboracensis
225k wma file

U

M

MacGillivrary's Warbler
Oporornis tolmiei

R

S

Common Yellowthroat
Geothlypis trichas
185k wma file

C

S

Wilson's Warbler
Wilsonia pusilla

U

M

Yellow-breasted Chat
Icteria virens

C

S

 
Tanagers, Towhees

Abundance

Residence

Western Tanager
Piranga ludoviciana

C

S

Spotted Towhee
Pipilo maculatus
45k wma file

C

S

 
Sparrows, Juncos, Longspurs

Abundance

Residence

American Tree Sparrow
Spizella arborea

U

W

Chipping Sparrow
Spizella passerina
404k wma file

C

S

Clay-colored Sparrow
Spizella pallida

U

M

Field Sparrow
Spizella pusilla
84k wma file
more information...

U

S

Vesper Sparrow
Pooecetes gramineus
209k wma file

C

S

Lark Sparrow
Chondestes grammacus
more information...

U

S

Lark Bunting
Calamospiza melanocorys

R

S

Savannah Sparrow
Passerculus sandwichensis

R

M

Grasshopper Sparrow
Ammodramus savannarum
68k wma file

C

S

Baird's Sparrow
Ammodramus bairdii

R

M

Song Sparrow
Melospiza melodia
84k wma file

U

S

Lincoln's Sparrow
Melospiza lincolnii

R

M

White-throated Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis
107k wma file

R

M

Harris's Sparrow
Zonotrichia querula

R

M

White-crowned Sparrow
Zonotrichia leucophrys
60k wma file

U

M

Dark-eyed Junco
Junco hyemalis
210k wma file

C

PR

White-winged Junco
Junco hyemalis aikeni

R

M

McCown's Longspur
Calcarius mccownii

R

M

Lapland Longspur
Calcarius lapponicus

R

M,W

Chestnut-collared Longspur
Calcarius ornatus

R

M,S

Snow Bunting
Plectrophenax nivalis

R

W

 
Grosbeaks, Buntings, Dickcissels Abundance

Residence

Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Pheucticus ludovicianus
311k wma file

R

M

Black-headed Grosbeak
Pheucticus melanocephalus

U

S

Blue Grosbeak
Passerina caerulea
100k wma file

R

M

Lazuli Bunting
Passerina amoena

R

S

Indigo Bunting
Passerina cyanea
326k wma file

R

s

Dickcissel
Spiza americana
139k wma file
more information...

R

S

 
Blackbirds, Meadowlarks, Orioles

Abundance

Residence

Bobolink
Dolichonyx oryzivorus
139k wma file
more information...

R

S

Red-winged Blackbird
Agelaius phoeniceus
123k wma file

C

S

Eastern Meadowlark
Sturnella magna
Western Meadowlark
Sturnella neglecta
53k wma file
more information...

C

S

Yellow-headed Blackbird
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

R

S

Brewer's Blackbird
Euphagus cyanocephalus

C

S

Common Grackle
Quiscalus quiscula
123k wma file

U

S

Brown-headed Cowbird
Molothrus ater

U

S

Orchard Oriole
Icterus spurius
123k wma file

R

S

Bullock's Oriole
Icterus bullockii

U

S

Baltimore Oriole
Icterus galbula
92k wma file

R

S

 
Finches, Crossbills

Abundance

Residence

Gray-crowned Rosy Finch
Leucosticte tephrocotis

R

W

Purple Finch
Carpodacus purpureus

R

W

Cassin's Finch
Carpodacus cassinii

R

PR

House Finch
Carposacus mexicanus
139k wma file

R

PR

Red Crossbill
Loxia curvirostra

C

PR

Common Redpoll
Carduelis flammea

R

W

Pine Siskin
Carduelis pinus

U

PR

American Goldfinch
Carduelis tristis

C

S

Evening Grosbeak
Coccothraustes vespertinus
185k wma file

R

PR

House Sparrow
Passer domesticus

R

M

Did You Know?

Blue Flax

Blue Flax is often considered a subspecies of the Eurasian L. perenne which is very similar. The plant is named after Meriwether Lewis. More...