• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Bibliography - Fire

Bock, Carl E. and Bock, Jane H. 1983. Responses of Birds and Deer Mice to Prescribed Burning in Ponderosa Pine. Journal of Wildlife Management 47.

Bock, Jane H. and Bock, Carl E. 1984. Effect of Fires on Woody Vegetation in the Pine-grassland Ecotone of the Southern Black Hills. American Midlands Naturalist 112. pp. 35-42.

Bock, Jane H. and Bock, Carl E. 1981. Some Effects of Fire on Vegetation and Wildlife in Ponderosa Pine Forests of the Southern Black Hills. University of Wyoming NPS Research Center 5th Annual Report: 90-95.

Bock, Jane H. and Bock, Carl E. 1980. The Effects of Fire on Forest Floor Vegetation in Ponderosa Pine Forests in the Southern Black Hills. First of Three Reports: Final Report on CX-1200-9-BO34 for Spring 1979 to Spring, 1980.

Bock, Jane H. and Bock, Carl E. 1980. The Effects of Fire on Understory Vegetation in Ponderosa Pine Forests. University of Wyoming NPS Research Center 4th Annual Report: 96-97.

Bock, Jane H. and Bock, Carl E. 1981. Some Effects of Fire on Vegetation and Wildlife in Ponderosa Pine Forests of the Southern Black Hills. A joint project, sponsored by the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior (Contracts CX-1200-9-BO34, CX-1200-0-BO18, CX-1200-1-BO22), and the Eisenhower Consortium of the U.S. Forest Service Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, U.S. Department of Agriculture (Grant No. RM-80-105 GR).

Bone, S. and Klukas, R. 1989. Prescribed Fire in Wind Cave National Park. 17 p.

Brown, Peter M. 1994. Fire History of the Southern Black Hills, South Dakota. 13 p.

Brown, Peter M. and Sieg, Carolyn H. 1999. Historical variability in fire at the ponderosa pine - Northern Great Plains prairie ecotone, southeastern Black Hills, South Dakota.

Brown, Peter M. and Sieg, Carolyn Hull. 1996. Fire History in Interior Ponderosa Pine Communities of the Black Hills, South Dakota, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire 6. pp. 97-105.

Buenger, Brent A. 2004. The Impact of Wildland and Prescribed Fire on Archaeological Resources. Final Report Prepared For: Wind Cave National Park. 161 p.

Coppock, D.L. and Detling, J.K.. 1986. Alteration of bison and black-tailed prairie dog grazing interaction by prescribed burning. Journal of Wildlife Management 50. pp. 452-455.

Dieterich, J.H.. 1964. Fire Study Report - Park Headquarters Fire. 28 p.

Driscoll, D.G., Carter, J.M. and Ohlen, D.O. 2004. Hydrologic Effects of the 1988 Galena Fire, Black Hills Area, South Dakota. USGS Water-Resources Investigations Report 0304323, 67 p.

Forde, Jon D. 1983. The Effect of Fire on Bird and Small Mammal Communities in the Grasslands of Wind Cave National Park. M.S. Thesis. Michigan Technological University. 132+ p.

Forde, J.D. and Sloan, N.F. 1983. The Effect of Fire on Bird and Small Mammal Communities in the Grasslands of Wind Cave National Park. University of Wyoming NPS Research Center 6th Annual Report: 95-99.

Forde, J.D. and Sloan, N.F. 1982. Effects of Fire on Bird and Small Mammal Communities in the Grasslands of Wind Cave National Park. University of Wyoming NPS Research Center 6th Annual Report: 106-110.

Forde, Jon D., Sloan, Norman F. and Shown, Douglas A.. 1984. Grassland Habitat Management Using Prescribed Burning in Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. The Prairie Naturalist 16. pp. 97-110.

Fritz, Randall J. 1982. Ages of Ponderosa Pine in Relation to Presumed Fire History in Wind Cave National Park. 5 p.

Gartner, F. Robert. 1978. The Effect of Prescribed Burning at Different Fuel Moisture Levels on Vegetation and Soils of Grasslands in Wind Cave National Park. University of Wyoming NPS Research Center Second Annual Report: 167-169.

Gartner, F. Robert. 1977. Ecological Changes on Pine Grassland Burned in Fall and Spring. South Dakota State University. 35 p. + Appendixes.

Gartner, F. Robert. 1975. Wind Cave National Park Grassland Ecology. South Dakota State University. 29 p. + Appendixes.

Gartner, F.R. 1973. Final Report Wind Cave National Park Grassland Ecology. NPS CONTRACT #PX6000-3-0981. 29 p.

Gartner, F.R. 1975. Wind Cave National Park Grassland Ecology. SDSU Agriculture Research Center. 44 p.

Lovaas, Allan L. 1976. Introduction of Prescribed Burning to Wind Cave National Park. The Wildlife Society Bulletin 4. pp. 69-73.

Schripsema, Janet R. 1975. Photographic Supplement to Prescribed Burning Research.

Schripsema, Janet R. 1977. Ecological Changes on Pine-Grassland Burned in Early Spring and Late Spring (Phase I), Continuing Research on Prescribed Burning, Including Winter Burning (Phase II). MS Thesis. South Dakota State University. 100 p.

Shafer, D.S. Determination of Early Settlement Prairie-Forest Boundary in Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota from Public Land Survey Records. University of Arizona. 9 p.

Shepardson, Daniel P. 1980. The Affect (SIC) of Moisture, Wildlife Utilization, and Fire Suppression on Regeneration of Uncommon Trees and Shrubs of Wind Cave National Park. 15 p.

Shilts, Deane, M., Klukas, Richard W., Freet, Bruce L. & Oliverius, Timothy. 1980. Fire Management Plan Wind Cave National Park. 21 p.

Shown, Douglas A. 1982. The Effects of Prescribed Burning on Bird and Small Mammal Communities in the Grasslands of Wind Cave National Park. M.S. Thesis. Michigan Technological University. 94 p.

Shown, D.A., and Sloan, N.F. 1981. Effects of Fire on Bird and Small Mammal Communities in the Grasslands of Wind Cave National Park.

Shown, D.A. and Sloan, N.F. 1980. Effect of Fire on Bird and Small Mammal Communities in the Grasslands of Wind Cave National Park. University of Wyoming NPS Research Center 4th Annual Report: 102-106.

Sieg, Carolyn. 1994. Evaluation of Invasion of Non-native Plants on the Shirttail Burn and Potential Methods for Controlling Non-native Plants.

Singer, Francis J. and Zeigenfuss, Linda. 1998. Large Mammalian Herbivores, Plant Interactions, and Ecosystem Processes in Five National Parks. 17 p.

Worcester, Lynda Lou. 1979. Effects of Prescribed Burning at Different Fuel Moisture Levels on Vegetation and Soils of Grasslands in Wind Cave National Park. MS Thesis. South Dakota State University. 101+ p.

Did You Know?

Sign used at Wind Cave in 1903 when the cave became a national park.

Wind Cave is the first cave in the world to be designated as a national park. That occurred on January 9, 1903.