• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Bibliography - Cave Geology and Hydrology

Aberle, Raymond & Leo Hughes. 1961. The Formation and Detailed Description of a Portion of Wind Cave and the Mineralogy of Cave Earth. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 21 p.

Ackerman, David & Edward Webb. 1961. The Formation and Detailed Description of a Portion of Wind Cave. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 24 p.

Adolphson, Donald G. and LeRoux, E.F. 1974. Water-Supply Sites for Wind Cave National Park, Custer County, South Dakota. National Park Service, US Department of the Interior. 20+ p.

Alexander, E. Calvin, Jr., Davis, Marsha A. and Alexander, Scott C. 1989. Hydrologic Study of Jewel Cave/Wind Cave. Final Report. Contract: CX-1200-S-A047 (U of Minn. 0645-5647). 196 p.

Alexander, E. Calvin. 1989. Hydrologic Study of Jewel Cave/Wind Cave. Final Report. Contract: CX-1200-S-A047 (U of Minnesota 0645-5647). Unpublished report, Cave Management files, Wind Cave National Park. 196 p.

Alexander, E. Calvin, Jr. and Davis, Marsha. 1988. Water Budget for Wind and Jewel Caves. University of Wyoming NPS Research Center: 175-179.

Alexander, E.C. Jr., Davis, M.A., and Alexander, S.C. 1988. Investigation of the Thermal Springs of the Southern Black Hills. Program of the 1988 NSS Convention, Hot Springs, SD: 12.

Alexander, E. Calvin, Jr., Davis, Marsha A., Alexander, Scott C. and Lively, Richard S. 1988. Thermal Springs of the Southern Black Hills. Guidebook of the Forty-fifth Annual Convention, National Speleological Society. National Speleological Society, Huntsville, AL. pp. 14-26.

Alexander, E. Calvin, Jr., Davis, Marsha A., Alexander, Scott C. and Lively, Richard S. 1988. Thermal Springs of the Southern Black Hills. Program, 10th Friends of Karst, San Salvadore, Bahamas, 1988: 10.

Alexander, E. Calvin, Jr. and Davis, Marsha. 1987. Hydrologic Study of Jewel and Wind Caves. Final Report - 4th Quarter, Year 2. Contract: CX-1200-S-A047 (U of Minn. 0645-5647). 71+ p.

Alexander, E.C., Jr., Davis, M.A., and Alexander, S.C. 1987. Impact of Surface Development on Underlyig Cavern Features. National Cave Management Symposium, October 21-24, 1987, Rapid City, South Dakota.

Alexander, E. Calvin, Jr.. 1986. Hydrologic Study of Jewel and Wind Caves. University of Wyoming - National Park Service Research Center. pp. 177-183.

Alexander, E.C., Jr., Davis, M.A., and Dalgleish, J.B. 1986. Dye Tracing Through Thick Unsaturated Zones. 5th International Symposium of Underground Water Tracing, 1986, Proceedings. A. Morfis and P. Parakevopoulou (eds.), Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration, Athens, Greece: 181-188.

Anderson, M.T., Driscoll, D.G. and Williamson, J.E. 1999. Groundwater and Surface Water Interactions Along Rapid Creek Near Rapid City, South Dakota. US Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4214, 99p.

Bakalowicz, M.J., Ford, D.C., Miller, T.E., Palmer, A.N. and Palmer, M.V. 1987. Thermal Genesis of Dissolution Caves in the Black Hills. Geological Society of America Bulletin 99. pp. 729-738.

Ballou, William & David Sturgeon. 1957. The Formation and Detailed Description of a Portion of Wind Cave. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 24 p

Bassett, William & Bassett, Allen. 1962. Hexagonal Stalactite from Rushmore Cave, South Dakota. National Speleological Society Bulletin 24(2): 88-94.

Below, Paul. 1976. The Extent of Limestone Caverns in the Black Hills. Class report, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 28 p.

Bertrand, Edward & Robert Pritchett. 1962. The Formation and Detailed Description of a Portion of Wind Cave. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 28 p.

Braddock, William A. 1963. Geology of the Jewel Cave SW Quadrangle, Custer County, South Dakota. Geological Survey Bulletin 1063-G. 51+ p.

Brown, Delmer L. 1959. A Study of the Geology and a Description of a Portion of Jewel Cave. B.S. Thesis. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. 42 p.

Carter, Janet, Hamade, Ghaith and Jarrell, Gregory. 2001. Hydrologic Budgets for the Madison and Minnelusa Aquifers, Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming, Water Years 1987-1996. U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of the Interior, Rapid City, SD. 53 p

Campbell, Newell. 1977. Possible Exhumed Fossil Caverns in the Madison Group of the Northern Rocky Mountains: A Discussion.National Speleological Society Bulletin 39(2): 43-54.

Chemma, Tariq & Islam, M.R. 1995. Comparison of Cave Passageways with Fracture Traces and Joints in the Black Hills Region of South Dakota. National Speleological Society Bulletin 56: 96-103.

Coulson, Francis & Louis Rosenberg. 1958. The Formation and Detailed Description of a Portion of Wind Cave. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 21 p.

Cox, Eral. Formation and Description of Blue Rock Crystal Cave, Meade County, South Dakota. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 17 p.

Crooks, Thomas. 1968. Water Losses and Gains Across the Pahasapa Limestone, Box Elder Creek, South Dakota. Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science 47: 49-55.

Davis. 1992. Soil water chemistry proposal with soil column chemical analyses. 5 p.

Davis. Arden. 1997. Karstic Gypsum Problems at Wastewater Stabilization Sites in the Black Hills, South Dakota. Carbonates and Evaporites, v. 12, p.73-80.

Davis, Arden, William Capehart, Mark Hjelmfelt, Scott Kenner, Christopher Johnson, and Cheryl Naus. 2000. Coupling of a Ground-Water Model to Atmospheric and Surface-Water Models in the Complex Terrain of the Black Hills. Hydrology of the Black Hills, p. 65-72.

Davis, Arden, Andrew Long, and Michael Wireman. 2000. Sensitivity of the Madison Aquifer to Contamination in the Rapid City Area of the Black Hills. Hydrology of the Black Hills, p.12-19.

Davis, Donald. 1989. Helictite Bushes-A Subaqueous Speleothem? National Speleological Society Bulletin 51: 120-124.

Davis, Marsha A., Alexander, Scott C. and Alexander, E. Calvin Jr. 1989. Impact of Surface Development on Underlying Cave Features. 1987 Cave Management Symposium. p. 10.

Davis, M.A., Alexander, E.C. Jr., and Alexander, S.C. 1988. Water Chemistry at Wind Cave and Jewel Caves. Program of the 1988 NSS Convention, Hot Springs, SD: 12.

Davis, M.A. and Alexander, E.C. Jr., 1988. Dye Traces at Wind and Jewel Caves. Program of the 1988 NSS Convention, Hot Springs, SD: 12.

Davis, M.A. and Alexander, Jr., E.C. 1986. Impact of Surface Develoment on Water Qualtiy in Wind and Jewel Caves. Conference on Science in the National Parks, Program and Abstracts, Ft. Collins, Colorado, July 13-18, 1986: 242.

Deal, Dwight. 1962. Geology of Jewel Cave National Monument, Custer County, South Dakota, with Special Reference to Cavern Formation in the Black Hills. M.S. thesis, University of Wyoming.

Deal, Dwight. 1962. Cavern Formation in the Black Hills of South Dakota, With Special Reference to Jewel Cave. National Speleological Society News 17. p. 117-120.

Deal, Dwight. 1966. Mud Stalagmites in Jewel Cave. National Speleological Society Bulletin 28(2): 106-107.

Deal, Dwight. 1966. Naturally Polished Pebbles from Black Hills Caves. National Speleological Society Bulletin 28(2): 104-105.

Deal, Dwight. 1962. Origin and Secondary Mineralization of Caves in the Black Hills of South Dakota, USA. Proceedings of 4th International Congress of Speleology 3: 67-70.

Deal, Dwight. 1964. Scintillites: A Variety of Quartz Speleothems. National Speleological Society Bulletin 26: 29-31.

Deike III, George H. & White, William B. 1961. Preliminary Report on the Geology and Mineralogy of Wind Cave, Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota: Wind Cave Expedition of 1959. p. 15-34.

Despain, Joel. 2001. The Geology and Management of Coyote Cave, Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. 15th National Cave and Karst Management Symposium, Tucson, AZ, October 16-19, 2001.

Dyer, C.F. 1960. Geology and Occurrence of Ground Water at Jewel Cave National Monument, South Dakota. 33 p.

Dyer, C.F. 1961. Geology and Occurrence of Ground Water at Jewel Cave National Monument, South Dakota. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 1475-D, Prepared in cooperation with the National Park Service pp. 139-157.

Epstein, Jack. 2000. Gypsum Karst and Hydrologic Evolution in the Northern Black Hills, South Dakota. Hydrology of the Black Hills, p. 73-79.

Frankfort, Don. 1998. Introduction to Geology/Geology Questions and Answers.

Ford, D.C. & M.J. Bakalowicz. 1983. Preliminary Report upon McMaster University Geochemical and Isotopic Studies in Wind and Jewel Caves. Open file report, Wind Cave National Park: 16 p.

Ford, D.C., A.N. Palmer, & others. 1993. Uranium-Series Dating of the Draining of an Aquifer: The Example of Wind Cave, Black Hills, South Dakota. Geological Society of America Bulletin 105: 241-250.

Ford, D.D. 1989. Features of the Genesis of Jewel Cave and Wind Cave, Black Hills, South Dakota. National Speleological Society Bulletin 51: 100-110.

Fossen, Joyce & Phillip Bjork. 1985. Caves of Paha Sapa and Other Findings of Dr. Knows-It: 23 p.

Fredlund, Daniel & Franklin Roberts. 1963. The Formation and Detailed Description of a Portion of Wind Cave. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 29 p.

Fredlund, Glen G. 1996. Late Quaternary Geomorphic History of Lower Highland Creek, Wind Cave National Park, SD. Physical Geography 17. pp. 446-464.

Ghannam, Jihad. 1993. Fracture Trace Analysis for the Detection of Cave Passageways in Jewel Cave National Monument, Custer, South Dakota: 12 p.

Green, Dale. 1997. Origin of Cupolas, Vents, and Rims. Final report submitted to Jewel Cave National Monument.

Greene, E.A. 1989. Use of Electronic Data-Logging Equipment to Monitor Hydrologic Parameters in a Humid Cave Environment in Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. National Speleological Society Bulletin 51: 129-131.

Greene, E.A. 1995. Localized Anisotropic Transmissivity in a Karst Aquifer. Ground Water 33(5).

Gries, Dr. John Paul. 1963. Sinkholes in the Minnekahta Formation, Black Hills. South Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings 42: 76-78.

Gries, J.P. 1969. Investigation of Water Losses to Sinkholes in the Pahasapa Limestone and Their Relation to Resurgent Springs, Black Hills, South Dakota. Project A-010-So: 16 p.

Gries, J.P. 1968. Recharge of the Pahasapa Limestone Aquifer from Stream Losses, Black Hills, South Dakota. Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science 47: 56-61.

Gries, John Paul. 1959. Preliminary Report on Potential Ground Water Within the Boundaries of Wind Cave National Park, Custer County, South Dakota. 17 p.

Hanscom, Watson & Paul Jones. 1959. The Formation and Detailed Description of a Portion of Wind Cave. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 18 p.

Heakin, Alan J. 2004. Streamflow and Water-Quality Characteristics for Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, 2002-2003. USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5071, 68 p. with CD.

Heakin, Alan J. 2002. Water-Quality Assessment for Wind Cave National Park, Annual Progress Report USGS. Unpublished report, Cave Management files, Wind Cave National Park. December, 38 p.

Hennisey, Hilary & Gerald Forney. 1968. The Geology of Bethlehem Cave, South Dakota. Central Indiana Grotto Newsletter 12(3): 26-57.

Hill, Carol. 1979. Jewel Cave, Jewel Cave National Monument, South Dakota. In Annual Report of the Cave Research Foundation: 14-15.

Hill, Carol. 1982. Origins of Black Deposits in Caves. National Speleological Society Bulletin 44(1): 15-19.

Hortness, John & Driscoll, Daniel. 1998. Stream Flow Losses in the Black Hills of Western South Dakota. Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4116.

Hovey, Edmund. 1904. The Crystal Cave of South Dakota. Scientific American Supplement 57(1476): 23657-23658.

Hovey, Horace. 1893. Marvelous Cavern of the Black Hills. Scientific American 69(12): 179.

Hovey, Edmund. 1900. The Wind Cave of South Dakota. Scientific American 49(1276): 20458-20459.

Howard, A.D. 1964. A Model for Cavern Development Under Artesian Groundwater Flow with Special Reference to the Black Hills. National Speleological Society Bulletin 26: 7-16.

Johnson, Jesse. 1919. A Description of Crystal Cave. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines: 21 p.

Johnson, Jesse. 1919. An Interesting Occurrence of Isomorphous Calcite and Siderite. Pahasapa Quarterly 9(1): 20.

Johnson, Jesse. 1920. Water Pool Calcite, An Interesting Cave Mineral. Pahasapa Quarterly 9(2): 61-64.

Lange, Arthur L. 1990. Natural-Potential Profiles at Jewel Cave National Monument. University of Wyoming National Park Service Research Center. 26 p + attachments.

LaRock, E.J. & K.I. Cunningham. 1992. Discussion of Some Geologic Features in Wind Cave, Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. National Speleological Society Bulletin 54: 25-27.

LaRock, E.J. & K.I Cunningham. 1995. Helictite Bush Formation and Aquifer Cooling in Wind Cave, Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. National Speleological Society Bulletin 57: 43-51.

Loskot, Carole Lynn. 1973. Deposition of Cave Material in Wind Cave. MS Thesis. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. 65 p.

Luiszer, Fred. 1992. Report on Paleomagnetism of Sediments in Selenite Avenue, Wind Cave, South Dakota. University of Colorado.

Luiszer, Fred. Report on Romanichite at Wind Cave, South Dakota. University of Colorado.

Luiszer, Fred. 1992. Preliminary report on heavy metals in sediments of Wind Cave, Jasper Cave and Jewel Cave, South Dakota. 4 p.

McGraw, Larry H. and Hansen, Ralph C. 1956. Brooks Cave. BS Thesis. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. 16 p.

Manganaro, Carol A. 1992. Preliminary Field Report. 3 p.

Martin, James E. 1985. Fossiliferous Cenozoic Deposits of Western South Dakota and Northwestern Nebraska. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology.

Martin, Michael. 1993. Estimation of Flood Elevations in the Vicinity of Cave Creek Canyon, Wind Cave National Park. 8 p.

Millen, T.E. & D.N. Dickey. 1987. A Stable Isotopic Investigation of Waters and Speleothems in Wind Cave, South Dakota: An Application of Isotope Paleothermometry. National Speleological Society Bulletin 49: 10-14.

Miller, Lisa and Driscoll, Daniel. 1998. Streamflow Characteristics for the Black Hills of South Dakota, Through Water Year 1993. 322 p.

Miller, T.E. 1989. Evidence of Quaternary Tectonic Activity, and for Regional Aquifer Flow at Wind Cave, South Dakota. National Speleological Society Bulletin 51: 111-119.

Miller, T.E. 1979. Sampling of the Atmosphere and Carbonate Aquifer at Wind Cave, South Dakota. Wind Cave National Park open-file report: 11 p.

Miller, T.E. Recent Orogenic Re-Activation in the Southern Black Hills: Some Evidence from the origins of Wind Cave, South Dakota: 25 p.

Miller, T.E. 1988. Wind Cave: An Ancient Artesian System Modified by Hydrothermal Activity. Professional paper no. 18, Indiana State University: 16-29.

National Park Service. 1998. Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory and Analysis Wind Cave National Park. Technical Report NPS / NRWRD / NRTR-98/174.

National Park Service, Water Resource Division. 1994. Jewel Cave National Monument Water Resources Scoping Report. Technical Report NPS/NRWRD/NRTR-94/36: 43 p.

Neighbor, Frank, 1940. Limestone Caverns of the Black Hills Region of South Dakota. An unpublished thesis submitted to the Geology Dept. of the University of Colorado.

Nepstad, James and Wiles, Michael. 1992. GRPEP Final Report: a preliminary examination of contamination in groundwater in the southern Black Hills, including the Madison Aquifer. 68 p.

Pallansch. Edward. 1949. The Theory of Formation and Description of Sitting Bull Crystal Caverns. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 31 p.

Palmer, A.N. & M. Palmer. 2000. Speleogenesis of the Black Hills Maze Caves, South Dakota, USA. In A.B. Klimchouk et. al. Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers: 274-281.

Palmer, A.N. & M. Palmer. 1989. Geologic History of the Black Hills Caves, South Dakota. National Speleological Society Bulletin 51: 72-99.

Palmer, A.N. & Palmer. 1984. Geology of Caves in the Black Hills, South Dakota. National Speleological Society Bulletin 46(1): 14-15.

Palmer, A.N. 1988. Wind Cave: An Ancient World Below the Hills. Natural History Association.

Palmer, A.N. 1984. Jewel Cave: A Gift From the Past. Natural History Association: 84 p.

Palmer, A.N., 1982. Geology and Origin of Wind Cave, South Dakota. Annual Report of the Cave Research Foundation: 10-13.

Palmer, A.N. 1981. The Geology of Wind Cave, Hot Springs, South Dakota. National History Association: 44 p.

Palmer, A.N. 1975. The Origin of Maze Caves. National Spelelogical Society Bulletin 37(3): 57-75.

Peter, K.D., Mills, K.R. & Loskot, C.L. 1991 Geologic Structure and Altitude of the Top of the Minnelusa Formation and Orientation of Mapped Cave Passages in the Madison Limestone, Southern Black Hills, South Dakota. U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 86-4167.

Peterlin, J.D. 1990. Thermal Springs and Flow Declines of the Fall River in the Southern Black Hills of South Dakota. Unpublished M.S. Thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology.

Pisarowicz, J. 1989. Introduction - Special Issue: Black Hills Symposium. National Speleological Society Bulletin 51(2): 71.

Putnam, Larry. 2000. Sensitivity of Groundwater to Contamination in Lawrence County, South Dakota. Water Resources Investigations Report 00-4103.

Rabke, Harold. 1955. Geology of a Limestone Cavern on Alkali Creek South of Sturgis, South Dakota. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 40 p.

Rahn, P.H. 1971. The Hydrologic Significance of the November 1968 Dye Test on Box Elder Creek, Black Hills, South Dakota. Procedures of the South Dakota Academy of Sciences 50: 52-56.

Rahn, P.H. 1992. Permeability of the Madison Aquifer in the Black Hills Area. Final report, Department of Geology, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, 130p.

Rahn, P.H. & J.P. Gries. 1973. Large Springs in the Black Hills, South Dakota and Wyoming. South Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 107: 46 p.

Roth, John E. Porosity Evolution of the Pahasapa Limestone at Jewel Cave National Monument. MS thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology.

Schroeder, W. 1989. Report on Locations and Quantitative Water Measurements of Surface Water Resources within Wind Cave National Park: Fall 1987 to Winter 1988. 15 p.

Schnute, Jon T. 1963. Cave Volume from Breathing Phenomenon at Wind Cave National Park, A Proposed Study. Summer 1963, unpublished document, Physical Science office files, Wind Cave National Park, 6 p.

Shafer, D. 1988. The Geology of Wind Cave National Park. Rocky Mountain Caving Autumn: 23-25.

Schilberg, Gary. 1986. A Black Hills Speleobibliography. National Speleological Society, Paha Sapa Grotto. 186 p.

Schilberg, Gary. 1980. Boxwork. The Carbide Flash 5(4): 20-21.

Stephenson, J. Brad. 1990. A Statistical Comparison of Boxwork and Cave Passage Orientations: Wind Cave, South Dakota. Unpublished manuscript. Western Kentucky University. 60 p.

Fredlund, Glen G. and Sundstrom, Linea. 1996. Geomorphology and Geoarchaeology of Lower Highland Creek, Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. 33 p.

Thompson, James B. 1958. The Geology of Jewel Cave. 18 p.

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Ulvog, Carl. 1950. A Description of Stagebarn Cavern. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 40 p.

Ulteig, John and Frank Tagliamonte. 1955. The Theory of Formation and Description of Wind Cave. Bachelor’s thesis, South Dakota School of mines and Technology: 40 p.

Washburn, Richard S. 1956. The Formation and Detailed Description of a Portion of Wind Cave. Geological Engineering Department, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (for partial fulfillment of a Bachelor of Science Degree). 25 p.

Wegemann, Carroll. 1935. The Geology of Wind Cave, South Dakota. Unpublished ms: 6 p.

Whalen, P.J. 1994. Source Aquifers for Cascade Springs, Hot Springs, and Beaver Creek Springs in the Southern Black Hills of South Dakota. MS Thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, 299 p.

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Wiles, Mike. 1992. Infiltration at Wind and Jewel Caves, Black Hills, South Dakota. M.S. thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology: 70 p.

Wiles, Mike. A Digital Groundwater Flow and Solute-Transport Model of the Madison Aquifer Near Wind Cave, South Dakota. An unpublished paper.

Wiles, Mike. 1982. Analysis of Manganese Minerals at Jewel Cave by Atomic Absorption. Unpublished paper.

Wiles, Mike. 1982. Analysis of Manganese Minerals at Jewel Cave with Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence. Unpublished paper.

Wulkowicz,

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