Abstract - Streamflow and Water-Quality Characteristics for Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, 2002-2003
Heakin, Alan J. 2004. Streamflow and Water-Quality Characteristics for Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, 2002-2003. USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5071, 68 p. with CD.
A 2-year study of streamflow and water-quality characteristics in Wind Cave National Park was performed by the US Geological Survey in cooperation with the National Park Service. During this study, streamflow and water-quality data were collected for three of the park's perennial streams (Cold Spring, Beaver, and Highland Creeks) from January 2002 through November 2003. The potential influence of parking lot runoff on cave drip within Wind Cave also was investigated by collecting and analyzing several time-dependent samples from a drainage culvert downstream from the parking lot and from Upper Minnehaha Falls inside the cave following a series of simulated runoff events. The primary focus of the report is on data collected during the 2-year study from January 2002 to November 2003; however, data collected previously also are summarized.
Did You Know?
Winds caused by changes in barometric pressure are what give Wind Cave its name. These winds have been measured at the cave's walk-in entrance at over 70 mph. The winds at the natural entrance of the cave attracted the attention of Native Americans and early settlers.