Abstract - Wind Cave Archeological Inventory Project: Research Design
Galindo, Jennifer. 2000. Wind Cave Archeological Inventory Project: Research Design. United States Department of the Interior. National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.
The Wind Cave Archeological Inventory Project is a five-year archeological project within the boundaries of Wind Cave National Park. The goals of the inventory are identifying and recording archeological sites as well as evaluating their significance and assessing their condition. This document was created to guide the archeological research and fieldwork that will be undertaken in the park from FY1999 through FY2003. An overview of past archeological investigations conducted at Wind Cave National Park and descriptions of historic contexts represented in the park are outlined, and to be completed for this project is detailed. Proposed fieldwork includes surface surveys across specified unit areas following prescribed burns, a rock art survey along the exposed sandstone outcrops in the Hogback Ridge physiographic zone, revisiting previously recorded sites, and conducting test excavations, when necessary, to evaluate recorded sites for National Register nomination. Two broad research questions are porposed for future work in the park. The first research question investigates Archaic period land use and social organization in the southern Black Hills though stone circle site research. The second question explores prehistoric land-use patterns, using GIS technology, across the four different physiographic zones represented in the park.
Did You Know?
Fire is an important factor in protecting the prairie. Historically, fires burned across the prairie every 4 to 7 years. Fires burn the small trees that would otherwise march across the prairie and turn the grasslands to forest.