• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Abstract - Food Habits of Elk in the Northern Great Plains

Wydeven, A.P. and Dahlgren, R.B. 1983. Food Habits of Elk in the Northern Great Plains. Journal of Wildlife Management 47: 916-923.

Abstract

Food habits of elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) were determined by 92 feeding-site examinations and examination of 30 rumen samples. Graminoids were the major forage class eaten in spring and summer. Forbs were the most important forage class in fall and winter, but moderate amounts of graminoids also were eaten. Elk seldom fed on browse throughout the year. Major plants eaten by elk included big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii), Louisiana sagewort (Artemisia ludovisicana) and threadleaf sedge (Carex filifolia).

Did You Know?

American bison on the Wind Cave National Park prairie

The American bison is the largest terrestrial mammal in North America. Male bison can weigh a ton and can run 35 miles per hour. Do not approach bison. They weigh more and can outrun you. More...