• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Abstract - Ecological Changes on Pine Grassland Burned in Fall and Spring

Gartner, F.R. 1977. Ecological Changes on Pine Grassland Burned in Fall and Spring. Contract No. PX 120051027. 35+ p.


This study was intended to provide Wind Cave National Park Service personnel with information that would be helpful in developing a comprehensive, long range management plan. The plan would very likely include fire management, especially the use of prescribed burning, if fire could serve one or more purposes.

  1. Specifec hypotheses developed were: Presecibed fire would reduce fuel accumulations and provide natural fuel breaks without negative effects on vegetation composition and soil chemistry.
  2. Prescribed fire could be utilized to attract native ungulates to disignated areas for purposes of obtaining more uniform vegetation utilization or for visitor observation and enjoyment of grazing animals.

Thus, the stated objectives of this study were (1) to determine vegetation and soil differences on areas burned in spring and fall, and (2) to determine animal response to burns at those seasons compared with adjacent, unburned areas.

Did You Know?

Natural Entrance of Wind Cave

Winds caused by changes in barometric pressure are what give Wind Cave its name. These winds have been measured at the cave's walk-in entrance at over 70 mph. The winds at the natural entrance of the cave attracted the attention of Native Americans and early settlers.