Abstract - Archaeology of the Beaver Creek Shelter (39CU779): A Preliminary Statement
Alex, Lynn Marie. 1991. The Archaeology of the Beaver Creek Shelter (39CU779): A Preliminary Statement. Contract PX-1242-9-1123 to National Park Service. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, South Dakota. 214 p.
The Beaver Creek Shelter (39CU779) is a north-facing rock shelter in Wind Cave National Park. Excavations were conducted by the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology in 1985 and, again by that institution and the South Dakota Archaeological Research Center in 1985 and 1987. This work penetrated 4.77 m of vertical rock shelter sediments. The excavations defined 22 stratigraphic horizons, many of which contain archeological materials, and produced a sequence of 12 radiocarbon dates covering most of the Holocene. The archeological specimens, the stratifications, and the radiocarbon dates indicate the shelter has the potential of providing information on the transition from the Early to the Middle Archaic Periods, and of elucidating the interrelationship between climatic trends and human prehistory throughout the Holocene. With contributions by Mark D. Fahrenbach.
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Elk were the most widely distributed member of the deer family in North America and spread from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Mexico to northern Alberta. Elk began to disappear in the eastern United States in the early 1800s. More...