Abstract - A Report on Birds of Wind Cave National Park
Gilliland, J. Richard. 1968. A Report on Birds of Wind Cave National Park. 7 p.
Little has been published besides Pettingill's Birds of the Black Hills concerning the birds of this unique area of western South Dakota. It is the author's purpose to provide some current information about the birds of Wind Cave National Park, a forty-four square mile are of the southern Black Hills. The observations reported are mainly those of the author while a seasonal Ranger-Naturalist at Wind Cave National Park, although a few sightings of other Rangers are also mentioned. Observations took place from June 15, 1968 to August 15, 1968 and were within the boundaries of Wind Cave National Park except where noted. About forty-five bird hikes were taken by the author over this two month period. It should be recognized that this report only this two month period and there are some winter transients and residents that will only be seen at that time. However, late spring and summer remain as the periods of significant bird residence and activity in Wind Cave National Park.
Birds are reported as to their principal habitat-these areas in the Park being canyon bottoms, Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) forests, and open prairies. After each bird a letter is place to designate whether the bird is abundant (A), seen daily; common (C), seen most every day; uncommon (U), seen only occaissionally or locally; rare (R), seen only once or a few times; or transient (T), seen in migration.
Did You Know?
Fire is an important factor in protecting the prairie. Historically, fires burned across the prairie every 4 to 7 years. Fires burn the small trees that would otherwise march across the prairie and turn the grasslands to forest.