During May and June of 1999, 13 survey and inventory trips netted 2,860.14 feet or 0.54 miles of survey in Wind Cave, raising the surveyed length from 83.55 to 84.08 miles. Two survey trips into Coyote Cave increased the surveyed length of that cave from 1,114 feet to 3,195 feet, or 0.6 miles of survey, with 43 leads and good air remaining for future trips.
Rod Horrocks, Kyle Voyles, Erik Freeman & Chris Hogan
Rod led three Color Country Grotto cavers from Utah on a 4-hour survey training trip to the Post Office area, where they surveyed 121.15 feet in 13 stations (avg. shot 9.3 feet) in a difficult bellycrawl loop. They found Alvin McDonald era twine, candle wax drippings and newspaper in the area. They didn’t have time to survey into a wide, low-ceiling lead that was heading north.
Rod Horrocks, Kyle Voyles, Heidi Melville & Erik Freeman
Rod led a 3-hour survey training trip to the Church, along the Natural Entrance Tour. They surveyed 145.19 feet in 12 stations (avg. shot 12 feet). They found a 30-foot deep pit, five-feet in diameter, that they named Double D Pit, after two double D batteries found at the bottom of the pit. They left several going leads at the top and bottom of this pit.
Rod Horrocks, Kevin & Carol Schooler
Rod led two Salt Lake Grotto cavers on a 7-hour survey training trip into side passages along the Natural Entrance Tour, surveying 227 feet in 24 stations (avg. shot 9.4 feet).
Marc Ohms, Joel Despain, Marrilee Proffitt & Rene Rogers
Marc led a 6-hour trip to the Dog Pound area in the Colorado Grotto section, to push a lead partially scooped by Myk Coughlin on 10/31/98. After doing an exposed climb into the ceiling, they squooze through a miserably tight slot and scooped the side leads off the passage Myk previously explored, estimating between 200-300 feet of potential survey for a future trip. Feeling guilty on the way out of the cave, they surveyed 103.5 feet of mop-up in the Bunkhouse area.
Marc Ohms, Joel Despain, Marrilee Proffitt & Rene Rogers
Joel led Marrilee and Rene on a return trip to Coyote Cave to survey the passage that he, Marrilee and Greg Stock had discovered in November of 1997, by squeezing through the sub seven-inch high Hell Hole. During their 9 ½-hour trip past the six-foot long Hell Hole squeeze, they surveyed 895 feet of passage. Beyond the squeeze, they surveyed a 500-foot long strike-oriented bellycrawl before arriving at the Bison Bone Borehole, the only walking passage found thus far in the cave. At the end of the borehole, they surveyed into a 130-foot long crawl that ended with a sand dig and good air. They found lots of organic debris, indicating the cave occasionally floods. They left 17 unchecked leads along this newly surveyed route.
Rod Horrocks, Joel Despain & Marrilee Proffitt
Rod led Joel and Marrilee on a 4.5-hour trip to survey side passages off the Cathedral, along the Natural Entrance Tour in Wind Cave. They surveyed 376.4 feet in 27 stations (avg. shot 13.9’). They located a flowstone area with heavily dripping water and some mid-level leads located between the Cathedral and the Bishop Fowler Loop.
Joel Despain & Marrilee Proffitt
Joel and Marrilee returned to systematically survey the 17 side leads off the Bison Bone Borehole in Coyote Cave. Starting at the first NE trending lead, they surveyed 1,187 feet of up-dip trending crawlway, without reaching an end. They stopped their survey in an upper level passage that was trending back SE, over the passage they had started in. The 4 x 6-foot passage continued down cave with a strong breeze blowing through it. Along the survey they discovered an additional 21 unchecked leads and didn’t check any of the other 16 leads found on 5/23.
Joel Despain & Marrilee Proffitt
Joel and Marrilee returned to the leads below the Bishop Fowler Loop in Wind Cave and surveyed 135.4 feet in 8 stations (avg. shot 16.9’) on a two-hour trip. They found a virgin room with sodastraws and flowstone and lots of dripping water. They left several going leads.
Rod Horrocks, Quincy & Rosie Bahr
Rod led two employees from Timpanogos Cave National Monument on a 4-hour survey training trip to the Cathedral area, where they surveyed 172.15 feet in 11 stations (avg. shot 15.6’). They surveyed a 30 x 50-foot diameter room they named the New Beginnings Room. From there, the cave continued in upper middle level passage with lots of unstable paleofill. They found lots of candle wax drippings, twine and newspaper from the Alvin McDonald era. It was later learned that Bob Richardson explored the area on August 11, 1957 and Alan Howard ran two short surveys in 1962, the K’ and L’ surveys, down the two main passages in the area. Rod’s group was the first to survey in this part of the cave since 1962. They left five going leads in a promising new area.
Evan Anderson, Carl Bern & Amy Johnson
Evan led a 14-hour trip to the KA and VJ surveys in the Half Mile Hall Section, where they surveyed 530 feet in 35 stations (avg. shot 15.1’). After mapping a connection between the VJ and KA surveys, they found a virgin, lower middle level passage trending southwest. They surveyed almost everything in the area, leaving only two leads, both of which were too tight, but opened up beyond the initial constrictions.
Jim Wilson, Greg Glazner, Eric Dutton & Dennis Laird
Jim led a 11-hour trip to the FM and KX survey areas in the Half Mile Hall Section, where they surveyed 456 feet in 17 stations (avg. shot 26’). They found a virgin, lower level passage that they named Pauls Place, after Paul O’Brian, a caver that recently died. They found some birdbath conulites and the first selenite blades found outside of the Gypsy Road area in Southern Comfort.
Rod Horrocks, Ken Bowermaster & Beth Sturiano
Rod led a 3.5-hour survey training trip to the New Beginnings Room area, where they surveyed 160.4 feet in 16 stations (avg. shot 10’). They started the CQ survey, surveying a low loop that connected the K’ and L’ surveys. They left five small leads and one good lead for future survey trips.
Rod Horrocks, Dawn Cardace, Jess Lang & Billie O’Doan
Rod led a 4-hour survey training trip to the New Beginnings Room area, where they surveyed 190 feet in 15 stations (avg. shot 12.6’). They surveyed a walking-sized connection between the C36 survey and the L’ survey. Starting at another side lead in the L’ survey, they surveyed up into upper middle level passage. They left six small leads and one good lead for a future trip.
Rod Horrocks, Joanne Vokoum & Deanna Harrell
Rod led a 3.5-hour survey training trip to the New Beginnings Room area, where they surveyed 96 feet in 10 stations (avg. shot 9.6’). They surveyed three crawls located underneath the New Beginnings Room. They left seven small leads.
Rod Horrocks, Derek Nelson & Bina Vanmali
Rod led a 3.5-hour survey training trip to the New Beginnings Room area, where they surveyed 146.95 feet in 11 stations (avg. shot 13.3’). Returning to the lead found on 6/16, they continued the CQ survey up into upper level cave, where they found a room they named the New Throne Room. They left three small leads and one good lead heading towards upper level cave off the Lackagluten Chamber.
July and August saw a large number of trips concentrated in the Historic Section of the cave. A total of 2,998 feet was surveyed on 14 trips. At the end of August Wind Cave stands at 84.84 miles long.
Trip 1-Myk Coughlin, Bonny True, Andy Armstrong, Ben Tompkins & Yumike Tompkins
Trip 2- Hazel Barton, Doug Noel, Neal Hines, Bryan Ferrer & Shannon Caldwell
Two trips went on the Club Room Loop for the Black Hills Caver Classic. A carbide caver managed to set off the fire alarm in the elevator.
Hazel Barton, Art & Peggy Palmer
Hazel led the Palmers out to Navidad north of Half Mile Hall to investigate the area where romanchite was found. They determined its origin is from an isolated pocket in paleofill and not related to the caves origin.
Marc Ohms, Jess Lang, Bina Valmali, and Art & Peggy Palmer
The group headed south down to the Lakes to obtain water samples and to conduct the by-monthly level recording. What the Hell was up another 2 inches making the squeeze quite wet. The Lake was up another 1.5 feet, and has taken over City Hall. The total rise since 1993 is 20 feet! Due to the rise of What the Hell, this could be the last trip to visit the Lake.
Marc Ohms, Rene Rogers, Courtney Harlan & Erik Sikora
Returning to the HO survey, this crew mopped up four leads off the main passage totaling 275 feet. A lead heading off to the southwest had airflow but pinched to four inches high, not big enough even for Rene. In a parallel canyon to the main passage, the crew discovered a pool of water in the bottom that had not been present when the passage was discovered a few months prior.
Dawn Cardace, Sarah Wedge & Steph Cleaves
This trio traveled off of the Post Office into the Historic Section to push leads off of the UQ and GBC surveys. They surveyed a total of 121 feet off of the GBC survey in two leads.
Marc Ohms, Rene Rogers & Joanne Vokoun
The threesome went out to an area north of the Club Room to survey leads off of Christmas Tree Park. They surveyed 458 feet and left plenty of leads for a return trip. They saw lots of bat scratches and corrosion residue.
Marc Ohms, Rene Rogers & Courtney Harlan
This team of three headed to Rome in the Historic Section to survey two leads Marc had found earlier this year. The first one headed west out of Rome and they finished the lead with 140 feet of walking cave. The next lead was off of the BF survey and it looped back over Rome with many pits in the floor looking down into Rome. They left several leads and found a few Alvin McDonald signatures. They surveyed a total of 337 feet.
Steph Cleaves, Sarah Wedge, Courtney Harlan & Dawn Cardace
Steph led the others along the Club Room Loop to familiarize everybody so they could lead future trips.
Dawn Cardace, Polly Hundley & Jess Lang
This crew returned to the area off of the Post Office where Dawn had done some work on the 22nd of July. They surveyed 94 feet off of the UQ survey.
Rod Horrocks, Graham Hogg, John Paul Sicotle, Rainer Engler, Dan Kuslak & Terry Wachnick
Rod lead two trips back to back to accommodate visiting Canadian cavers. Both parties worked in an area below Rome in the Historic Section known as the Catacombs. They surveyed a total of 565 feet of mazy passageways and left plenty of leads. They also surveyed a passage between the Newspaper Room and the RO survey.
Rod Horrocks, Graham Hogg, John Paul Sicotle, Terry Wachnick & Dan Kulak
Rod led the party of five out to the Chamber of Lost Souls in the Historic Section to survey the paleontological site. They surveyed a total of 222 feet off of the UG survey.
Marc Ohms, Rene Rogers & Courtney Harlan
The group returned to the area above Rome that they surveyed in on the 27th of July. They continued their survey where they left off and obtained another 129 feet and left more to do. They discovered a 1890’s drawing that Alvin McDonald had done which consisted of a large tree and landscape scene. They also discovered numerous newspapers scattered throughout the area, much more and better quality than in the Newspaper Room.
Dawn Cardace, Zach Guido & Steve Rose
Dawn returned to the area she had been working off of the Post Office in the Historic Section to continue her survey efforts. They started the survey only to discover the passage had previously been surveyed. They stopped and decided it best to head out.
Trip 1- Mary Laycock, Jena Hood, Zach Guido, Bina Vanmali, Ken Bowermaster, Beth Sturiano, Barb Kippen, Sarah Petite, Deanna Harrell, Joanne Vokoun & Tom Brockman
Trip 2- Steph Cleaves, Sarah Wedge, Kelly Henderson & Billie O’Doan
Mary and Steph each lead a trip around the Bishop Fowlers Loop. Mary found and removed 4 D-cell batteries.
Rod Horrocks, Bina Vanmali & Ken Bowermaster
Rod led the party of three out to an area he has been working named the New Beginnings, in the Historic Section. They continued the CQ survey off of the New Throne Room. A total of 178 feet and a new room was surveyed. They discovered flowstone deposits and sodastraws.
John Scheltens, Myk Couglhin & Sandra Canning
This trio went out to the Half Mile Hall area and surveyed 129 feet. They left several leads for next time.
Dawn Cardace, Jason Kolbe & Ken Bowermaster
Dawn lead two others on a Club Room Loop. They saw a live bat in Omnibus Hall.
Sarah Wedge, Steph Cleaves, Kelly Henderson & Billie O’Doan
Sarah led three others on a Club Room Loop. In the Nudist Colony they noticed some beautiful fossils not noticed before.
Rod Horrocks, Daniel Linnartz, & Anion Leistner
Rod led two visiting German cavers into the Historic Section to continue survey in the Catacombs. They also surveyed a walking passage connecting the Appion Way with Rome. They added another 344 feet to this area and closed a couple of loops.
Marc Ohms & Kelly Mathis
This duo headed out to the area of Blue Bayou in the Historic Section to check leads. They surveyed 145 feet off of the AY survey in the Floordum area. The whole area has false floors.