• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

Wind Cave Trip Reports - 1997

January/February 1997

At the beginning of January, the surveyed length of Wind Cave was 79.3 miles. By the end of February, Wind Cave’s length was increased to 79.7 miles. The total amount of new survey accumulated during this two month period as 0.4 miles. A total of 0.2 miles of previously surveyed cave was inventoried. In addition 0.4 miles was inventoried in conjunction with the new survey.

Wind Cave Weekend 01/11/1997

Clarence Williams, John Allison, and Greg Glasner
Clarence Williams led John Allison and Greg Glasner to the UZ survey where they inventoried 18 stations.

Sandy Kramer and Kathy Petty
Sandy Kramer and Kathy Petty inventoried 26 stations from AT90-115.

Jim Wilson, Bruce Albright, Dan Wray, and Randy Williams
Jim Wilson led Bruce Albright, Dan Wray and Randy Williams out to the Half-Mile Hall Zone were they surveyed 486 feet in the KOW survey.

01/18/1997
Stan Allison, Paul Burger, and Mike Wiles
On January 18, Stan Allison led Paul Burger and Mike Wiles to PB11 where they surveyed 739 feet in the PAB and PBA surveys. The PAB survey was through a heavily popcorn encrusted area. The PBA led to a nice upper level room, 100 feet long, 25 feet wide and 12 feet tall named Hotel South Dakota.

Wind Cave Weekend 02/08/1997

Evan Anderson, Hazel Barton, and Shawn Kramer
Evan Anderson led Hazel Barton and Shawn Kramer out to Navidad at the end of the KK58 survey. They re-sketched Navidad and surveyed 410 feet of additional cave in the SHT survey. Some parts of the SHT were lined with 0.25 inches of corrosion residue along the walls. Shawn Kramer was boosted up into a climbing lead that goes several hundred feet of passages, along the edge of known cave. Their next trip will require an etrier so the others can make the climb.

Jim Wilson and Randy Williams
Jim Wilson led Randy Williams out to the Pearly Gates area where they surveyed 380 feet in the PGC survey.

Clarence Williams, Eric Dutton, and Greg Glasner
Clarence Williams led Eric Dutton and Greg Glasner out to the UZ survey where they inventoried 12 stations.

Sandy Kramer and Kathy Petty
Sandy Kramer and Kathy Petty inventoried 6 stations along H8-14.

March/April 1997

At the beginning of March, the surveyed length of Wind Cave was 79.7 miles. By the end of April, Wind Cave's length was increased to 79.7 miles. The total amount of new survey accumulated during this 2 month period was 0.06 miles. A total of 0.2 miles of previously surveyed cave was inventoried. In addition 0.06 miles was inventoried in conjunction with the new survey.

Wind Cave Weekend 03/08/1997

Jim Wilson, Peter Wilson, and Dennis Laird
Jim Wilson led Peter Wilson and Dennis Laird out to the Pearly Gates area along the Candlelight Tour. They surveyed 369 feet in the PGD survey and inventoried 18 stations on the PGB survey.

Sandy Kramer, Hank Van Beek, Kathy Petty, and Jamie Sherer
Sandy Kramer led Hank Van Beek, Kathy Petty and Jamie Sherer out to the AZ survey where they were unsuccessful in locating the DL survey to inventory.

Clarence Williams and Eric Dutton
Clarence Williams and Eric Dutton were also unsuccessful in locating the BF survey which they were attempting to inventory.

03/22/1997
An 8 hour trip leader training session occurred on March 22. The 11 new trip leaders are: Bruce Albright (CO), Hazel Barton (CO), Mark Bergstrom (NOLS), Rich Brame (NOLS), Greg Glazner (CO), Dennis Laird (CO), Stuart Marlatt (CO), Jim Pisarowicz (SD), Jamie Sherer (CO), Dennis Shreves (SD) and Mike Zawada (CO).

04/12/1997

Jamie Sherer, Sandy Kramer, Kathy Petty, and Hank Van Beek
Jamie Sherer led Sandy Kramer, Kathy Petty and Hank Van Beek to the DL survey that they had attempted to reach in March. They were successful in finding the DL and inventoried 25 stations.

May/June 1997

At the beginning of May, the surveyed length of Wind Cave was 79.7 miles. By the end of June, Wind Cave's length was increased to 80.29 miles. The total amount of new survey accumulated during this two month period was 0.59 miles. A total of 0.2 miles of previously surveyed cave was inventoried. In addition 0.59 miles was inventoried in conjunction with the new survey.

Wind Cave Weekend 05/10/1997

Jamie Sherer, Ron Sherer, Hank Van Beek, and Steve Turner
Jamie Sherer led Ron Sherer, Hank Van Beek and Steve Turner out the NFP15-21 which they inventoried.

Bruce Albright, Emma Rainforth, and Matt Stalzer
Bruce Albright led Emma Rainforth and Matt Stalzer to the Half-Mile Hall area where they surveyed 140 feet in the KK53A-H survey. Their survey was stopped by delicate gypsum beards, cotton and hair that blocked the way on.

Ed LaRock, Mike Behn, and Andy Flurkey
Ed LaRock led Mike Behn and Andy Flurkey to the JD survey where they surveyed 460 feet of cave from JD48-72. In addition they mapped and measured the attitude of a fault or paleo-sink slump block by JD45.

Myk Coughlin, Jan Harms, and Chris Capps
Myk Coughlin led Jan Harms and Chris Capps out to the IT survey where they inventoried stations 1 through 13.

05/20/1997
Abby Wines, Don Frankfort, Collin McConnell, and Deanna Harrell
Abby Wines led Don Frankfort, Coilin McConnell and Deanna Harrell to the AD survey off of the caving tour, where they inventoried stations 1 through 10.

05/23/1997
Abby Wines, Sarah Billig, Kelly Mathis, and Jim Pisarowicz
Abby Wines led Sarah Billig, Kelly Mathis and Jim Pisarowicz to the JD survey where they surveyed 281.6 feet in the JD24A-Y survey.

05/26/1997
Abby Wines, Deanna Harrell, Garnet Goodrich, and Kelly Mathis
Abby Wines led Deanna Harrell, Garnet Goodrich and Kelly Mathis out to PRE15A-E where they surveyed 92.4 feet.

06/08/1997
Abby Wines, Lora Redman, and Joanne Vokoun
Abby Wines led Lora Redman and Joanne Vokoun to AD11-21 where they inventoried 11 stations.

06/09/1997
Abby Wines, Stacy Smyth, Sarah Shreves, and Joanne Vokoun
Abby Wines led Stacy Smyth, Sarah Shreves and Joanne Vokoun to the Ida's Washbasin area off of the Coliseum. They surveyed 217 feet in the IBI-17 survey.

06/13/1997
Abby Wines, Mary Laycock, and Stacy Smyth
Abby Wines led Mary Laycock and Stacy Smyth back to the Ida's Washbasin area where they surveyed 113.9 feet form IB18-24.

Wind Cave Weekend 06/14/1997

Clarence Williams, Eric Dutton, and Lora Redman
Clarence Williams led Eric Dutton and Lora Redman to the UZ survey where they surveyed 233.9 feet from UZ50 to UZ61.

Evan Anderson, Hazel Barton, Myk Coughlin, and Sean Kramer
Evan Anderson led Hazel Barton, Myk Coughlin and Sean Kramer to the Navidad area. They rigged a handline on the tricky climb they found in February. Beyond the climb they surveyed 1089 feet in the NAV survey. Highlights of the area include frostwork up to six inches long, thick corrosion residues and a black mineral called Romanichite that had never been documented before in Wind Cave. This mineral is indicative of deep upwelling waters, which could give geologists a better of idea as to how Wind Cave formed. They also found a connection back to known cave which avoided the tricky handline climb.

Jim Wilson and Lio Thompson
Jim Wilson led Leo Thompson to the Pearly Gates area where they surveyed 277 feet in the Wk14A-Q survey.

July/August 1997

At the beginning of July, the surveyed length of Wind Cave was 80.29 miles. Due to the summer alpine caving season in Colorado there were no cavers in attendance during the July and August Wind Cave weekends. There were three exploration/inventory trips by rangers and local cavers, but none of them returned with any survey or inventory. In addition there were three Club Room Loops done for both orientation and recreation purposes.

September/October 1997

At the beginning of September, the surveyed length of Wind Cave was 80.29 miles. By the end of October, Wind Cave's length was increased to 80.64 miles. The total amount of new survey accumulated during this two month period was 0.35 miles. A total of 0.5 miles of previously surveyed cave was inventoried. In addition 0.35 miles was inventoried in conjunction with the new survey.

09/03/1997
Abby Wines and Jim Pisarowicz
Abby Wines led Jim Pisarowicz out to the Bepadobede Room along the caving tour. They surveyed 141 feet in the SK12A-L. Two leads were left in their survey. One at SK12J is a low crawl through a pool of water leading to what looks like a room. Another lead at SK12B goes northwest.

Wind Cave Weekend 09/13/1997

Sandy Kramer and Kathy Petty
Sandy Kramer led Kathy Petty out to the Rainbow Falls area where they inventoried 33 stations on the NX survey.

Tim Moreland, Steve Smith, and Robert Phillips
Tim Moreland led Steve Smith and Robert Phillips to the JW, WS, GP and PB surveys near the John Wayne Room. They inventoried 66 stations.

Stan Allison, Kelly Mathis, and Mike Wiles
Stan Allison led a trip consisting of Kelly Mathis and Mike Wiles out to Route 66. A total of 373 feet was surveyed in the LLB12-30 designation. Several passages were pushed in the LOL62 area that either ended or became too tight but had airflow. Airflow at LLB11 led to the west through a nasty 300 foot long crawl dubbed the Skinner where a 15 foot by 15 foot walking passage was found going south with leads and air. Due to a lack of time, the group surveyed to the start of the walking passage and then exited the cave leaving exciting opportunities for the next trip.

09/24/1997
September 24 was the monthly hydrology trip to Calcite Lake. During the last month Calcite Lake rose 5 inches and the pool at JF82 was up 2 inches. In the last year Calcite Lake has risen 3 feet and 5 inches. The new pool at JF82 first appeared in July 1996. It is now approximately 150 feet long 3 feet wide and up to 8 feet deep!

Wind Cave Weekend 10/18/1997

Sandy Kramer, Kathy Petty, Cheryl Yearwood,and Jamie Sherer
Sandy Kramer led Kathy Petty, Cheryl Yearwood and Jamie Sherer out to NFP20-29 where they inventoried 10 stations.

Greg Glazner, Sean Durrum, Sherry McClure, and Jim Wilson
Greg Glazner led Sean Durrum, Sherry McClure, and Jim Wilson to the Candle Light Tour area where they surveyed 151.6 feet in the WK8A-G survey. In addition they helped problem solve a bad loop closure in the area by finding that WK19 was tied into BG3 rather then BG8.

Clarence Williams and Jim Neely
Clarence Williams led Jim Neely to the Rome area where they inventoried 21 stations in the BF survey.

10/25/1997
Stan Allison, Myk Coughlin, and Mike Wiles
Stan Allison led Myk Coughlin and Mike Wiles out past the Skinner. As they started surveying south from LLB30 they noticed that the airflow was coming from known cave. They surveyed 700 feet of large walking passage heading southeast leaving one small lead with air coming form known cave. Near LLB29 Myk Coughlin did a climb up into some crawls that had great airflow going towards new cave! After surveying 450 feet of breezy crawls that group popped up into some large walking passages. As they were late into the trip they spent 30 minutes taking a look at approximately 500 feet of cave with beautiful gypsum crusts and flowers as well as thick hydromagnesite. Strong airflow in this area indicates a high probability of finding more cave beyond.

November/December 1997

At the beginning of November, the surveyed length of Wind Cave was 80.64 miles. By the end of December, Wind Cave's length was increased to 81.21 miles. The total amount of new survey accumulated during this two-month period was 0.57 miles. A total of 0.47 miles of previously surveyed cave were inventoried. In addition, 0.57 miles were inventoried in conjunction with the new survey.

11/06/1997
Greg Stock, Merrilee Profitt, Joel Despain, and Stan Allison
Greg Stock, Merrilee Profitt, Joel Despain and Stan Allison made an exploration trip to Coyote Cave. At the very end of the surveyed cave is a squeeze that only Mike Wiles had been through in 1994. Merrilee, Greg and Joel all fit through the squeeze but Stan was too big. After agreeing to meet back in two hours the three on the far side of the squeeze began exploration. After crawling approximately 500 feet they came to a cairn that Mike Wiles had left at the farthest point of this previous exploration. Continuing 100 feet beyond, they emerged into a walking sized passage. Upon finding a bison vertebrae in the passage they decide to name it the Bison Bone Borehole. They saw approximately 500 feet of cave in this area and had to leave several good leads going in order to make it back to Stan in two hours. Previously, Coyote Cave was known to have a quarter mile of cave. These discoveries make for an estimated cave length of a half-mile, basically doubling the length of the cave. In addition to finding the largest passage in the cave, this group left many unexplored passages that could lead to much more cave given the amount of airflow felt in Coyote Cave.

Wind Cave Weekend 11/15/1997

Sandy Kraemer, Jamier Sherer, Cheryl Yearwood, and Rich Wolfert
Sandy Kraemer led a trip consiting of Jamie Sherer, Cheryl Yearwood and Rich Wolfert. They inventoried 23 stations in the Dreamland Area.

Tim Moreland, Dan Wray, and Dave Lester
Tim Moreland led Dan Wray and Dave Lester to the BBF survey in the Club Room Zone where they surveyed 98 feet and inventoried 23 stations.

Ed LaRock, Andy Flurkey and Mike Behn
Ed LaRock lead Andy Flurkey and Mike Behn out to the JD survey area where they surveyed 358 feet of cave in the JDA and JDB surveys.

11/21/1997
Paul Burger, Mike Wiles, Myk Coughlin, and Stan Allison
Paul Burger, Mike Wiles, Myk Coughlin and Stan Allison surveyed 1690 feet in the continuation of the LLB survey in the Southern Comfort Zone. Nice walking cave was found including interesting features such as a large, sediment covered floor, gypsum flowers and manganese layers in ceilings. Several leads were left going in this most remote area of Wind Cave.

Wind Cave Weekend 12/13/1997

Rich Wolfert, June Golaz, and Al Collier
Rich Wolfert led June Golaz and Al Collier to the AD survey where they inventoried 14 stations.

Greg Glazner, Clarence Williams, and Eric Dutton
Greg Glazner, Clarence Williams and Eric Dutton inventored 34 stations along the UK and UJ surveys.

12/18/1997

Steve Baldwin, Jim Pisarowicz, Mary Laycock, Dennis Shreves, Mike Hanson, and John Scheltens
Two groups went out to the Snowdrift Avenue area where 316.4 feet were surveyed in the NB45-53 and NB43A-I surveys. The trip participants were Steve Baldwin, Jim Pisarowicz, Mary Laycock, Dennis Shreves, Mike Hanson and John Scheltens.

12/20/1997
Myk Coughlin, Mike Wiles, and Stan Allison
Myk Coughlin, Mike Wiles and Stan Allison returned to the LLB survey. A hand-line was rigged on the Dangaroos Crossing which is a loose, exposed climb. Beyond this climb, 475 feet of cave was surveyed. No major discoveries were made.

1997 Summary

1.9 miles of cave was surveyed during 1997. Wind Cave's surveyed length went from 79.3 to 81.21 miles. The amount of previously surveyed cave that was inventoried was 1.6 miles. 11,563 stations or 58% of Wind Cave's 19,933 stations are currently inventoried.

Did You Know?

Bull Elk

Elk were the most widely distributed member of the deer family in North America and spread from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Mexico to northern Alberta. Elk began to disappear in the eastern United States in the early 1800s. More...