Trail Closure Information
The Highland Creek Trail is closed. Backcountry Zones 1 and 2 are closed to all off-trail travel and use. The Sanctuary and Centennial Trails remain open to through traffic.
Temporary Road Closure Information
Oct. 18 & 19: NPS 5 and 6 are closed for the entire weekend. Monday, Oct. 20, through Wednesday, Oct. 22, NPS 5 will be closed from Highway 87 to NPS 6. Highway 87 will be closed from Road 342 (Beaver Creek Road) north to the park boundary.
The Home of the Bison (Full Text): An Ethnographic and Ethnohistorical Study of Traditional Cultural Affiliations to Wind Cave National Park
It is not an exaggeration to say that Wind Cave National Park (hereafter referred to as WCNP) is one of the most sacred and culturally significant areas of the Black Hills to the Lakotas and Cheyennes. It is also a location associated with a complex and changing history of human occupancy, which extends back to prehistoric times. In the historic era, roughly 1742 to 1877, the Lakotas, Cheyennes, and Arapahos were among many tribal nations who lived and traveled within reach of WCNP. For a brief period of time, circa-1880 to 1930, it was home to a small ground of European American homesteaders. The history of the lands on which WCNP now sits form a diverse and deeply layered cultural tapestry. The Home of the Bison: An Ethnographic and Ethnohistorical Study of Traditional Cultural Affiliations to Wind Cave National Park provides reader with insight into how its lands and resources have dynamically changed in the course of a history with different waves of human occupation.
Executive summary Pp.i-xxvii (chapters below)
Table of Content Pp. xxx-xlviii (PDF 2.3mb)
Chapter One: Introduction - Passageways to Island Hills (PDF 2.6mb) Pp. 1-13
Part One - The Nations that Lived Among the Hills Introduction (PDF 1mb) Pp. 14-16
Part Two - Common Ground contested Terrain Introduction, (PDF 1mb) Pp. 189-191
Part Three - Food Pack and Safe Introduction (PDF 1.8mb) Pp. 279-440
Part Four A Sancturary and Sacred Landscape Introducion (PDF 82kb) Pp. 441-442
Bibliography Pp. 654-697 (PDF 3.7mb)
Appendices A B C D Pp. 698-949 (see below)
Did You Know?
Blue Flax is often considered a subspecies of the Eurasian L. perenne which is very similar. The plant is named after Meriwether Lewis. More...