• Wind Cave National Park - Two Worlds

    Wind Cave

    National Park South Dakota

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  • Trail Closure Information

    The Highland Creek Trail is closed. Backcountry Zones 1 and 2 are closed to all off-trail travel and use. The Sanctuary and Centennial Trails remain open to through traffic.

  • Temporary Road Closure Information

    Oct. 18 & 19: NPS 5 and 6 are closed for the entire weekend. Monday, Oct. 20, through Wednesday, Oct. 22, NPS 5 will be closed from Highway 87 to NPS 6. Highway 87 will be closed from Road 342 (Beaver Creek Road) north to the park boundary.

CCC - Changing the Nation

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Speed of the Program

  • March 31, 1933 - The Civilian Conservation Corps is created.
  • April 7, 1933 - Induction of first enrollee.
  • April 17, 1933 - Camp Roosevelt, the nation’s first CCC camp, is established in Virginia.
  • July 4, 1933 - 275,000 men are enrolled in the CCC program; 1,330 camps established.
1930s CCC Poster

CCC Poster

Who Participated

Men between the ages of 18 and 25, and unemployed veterans, could enlist for a period of six months with an option of extending the service to two years. They were paid $30 per month with $25 being sent home to help their families. The government furnished room, board, clothing, and tools. At its peak in 1935, the CCC employed 502,000 men in 2,514 camps. Most camps were segregated. Native Americans worked on their reservations but did not live in organized camps.

CCC patch

The Results

Congress abolished the CCC on June 30, 1942, as the United States entered World War II. For nine years the program kept families from starving, employed 3 million young men, and improved the country’s natural resources. Men from the Corps answered the call to war well trained, physically fit, labor skilled, and with the great CCC attitude of “We Can Take It!”, changing the nation even after the program had ended

Did You Know?

Porcupine in tree

Porcupine babies are called porcupettes. When they are born they have 15,000 quills. Porcupettes are born in the spring and, lucky for mom, the quills are soft. They can climb trees within an hour of birth. More...