Creating a New Streambed
The “new” Doan Creek was carefully planned and constructed. Fish biologists and engineers included factors such as natural riparian vegetation, the grade and shape of the channel, and the right conditions for fish in their design.
The restored creek has specifically-placed meanders (bends), pools, vegetation, and riffles to simulate natural stream conditions and create an ideal home for fish, in particular threatened/endangered steelhead and salmon.
Fish and other species need a diversity of habitats in order to find food, shelter, and reproduce. A riffle, which is a section of fast moving water in a shallow portion of the stream, is important for adding air to the water. Riffles are primary locations where aquatic insects congregate and where fish choose to spawn and feed. Pools, sections of deeper, slower-moving water, are important “resting areas” for fish, as they are cooler and more shaded. Pools and riffles must be placed a specific distance apart for optimal function. The meanders and shallow slope of the creek help disperse the energy of the flowing water.
Did You Know?
Wagons used on the Oregon Trail had to carry nearly 2000 pounds of supplies. They traveled 2000 miles or more to the Oregon Country. Most wagons were pulled by oxen as they could eat the prairie grass and survive without lots of food for lengthy periods.