• bible sitting next to a teapot

    Whitman Mission

    National Historic Site Washington

Trees and Shrubs

Large London sycamores line the park's parking area.
Trees, such as these London sycamores that line the park's parking area, provide much appreciated shade during the hot, dry summer months.
NPS
 

Whitman Mission National Historic Site is located in what was once an extensive grassland. Except for in the mountains, trees would have been relatively few and found mostly next to streams and rivers. When the Whitmans came they wanted trees. Dr. Whitman wrote to friends back east asking for locust, chestnut, and walnut seeds. Narcissa obtained sprouts of apple and peach trees from Fort Vancouver. Today the trees the Whitmans planted are long gone. But people still love trees. Landscapers planted many trees and shrubs on the park grounds to add beauty and provide shade. An apple orchard was created to represent the one planted by Dr. Whitman.

Below is a list of trees and shrubs found in the park along with some of the places where they can be seen.

 

Maple Family

Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum) - behind Visitor Center
Red Maple (Acer rubrum) - along path from Visitor Center to Great Grave and in picnic area
Norwegian Maple (Acer platanoides) - along path from Visitor Center to Great Grave and in picnic area

 

Rose Family

Wild Rose (Rosa eglanteria) - along re-constructed Oregon Trail ruts
Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) - along path from Visitor Center to mission grounds
Crab Apple (Malus spp.) - east entrance of Visitor Center and in parking oval
Domestic Apple (Malus domestica) - orchard near First House

 

Willow Family

Willow (Salix spp.) - between First House and Grist Mill
Silver Poplar (Populus alba) - in Tipi Grove
Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) - near First House and pond

 

Sycamore Family

American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) - near Mill Pond
London Sycamore (Platanus x acerifolia) - parking lot

 

Pea Family

Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) - mission grounds, base of hill, and parking oval

 

Elm Family

Siberian Elm (Ulmus pumila) - Pioneer Cemetery and south side of hill
Elm (Ulmus spp.) - base of hill near Alice Clarissa's marker

 

Hydrangea Family

Mock Orange (Philadelphus lewisii) - junction of re-constructed Oregon Trail ruts and path to mission grounds

 

Olive Family

Black Ash (Fraxinus nigra) - east entrance of Visitor Center
Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris) -Pioneer Cemetery

 

Dogwood Family

Dogwood (Cornus spp.) - parking oval

 

Elderberry Family

Blue Elderberry (Sambucus cerulea) - picnic area, base of hill, and along entrance road to park

 

Cashew Family

Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) - picnic area
Sumac (Rhus spp.) - near Mill Pond

 

Walnut Family

English Walnut (Juglans regia) - near First House

 

Ailanthus Family

Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima) - Great Grave and Tipi Grove

 

Conifers

Blue Spruce (Picea pungens) - parking oval

Did You Know?