• bible sitting next to a teapot

    Whitman Mission

    National Historic Site Washington

Endnotes: Chapter Two

1-9

  1. William H. Gray to the Honorable Secretaries of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, 10 June 1880, William H. Gray Papers, Box 2, File "G2-22," Northwest and Whitman College Archives, Library of Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington (hereafter cited Whitman College)
  2. Gray to Editor of the Daily Oregon, no date, Gray Papers, Box 3, File "G6-7," Whitman College.
  3. Rev. Myron Eells, D.D., Marcus Whitman Pathfinder and Patriot (Seattle: The Alice Harriman Co., 1909), p. 295.
  4. Oregon Pioneer and Historical Society form letter, 1887, Gray Papers, Box 2, File "G2-50," Whitman College.
  5. "Address to the People of Oregon," News Release, 1874, Whitman Collection, File "W-13-A1 No. 8," Whitman College.
  6. Walla Walla Daily Statesman, 14 September 1880, Whitman Collection, File "W-13-A1 No. 5," Whitman College.
  7. Ibid.
  8. I. H. Hopkins to Gray, 23 September 1880, Gray Papers, Box 2, File "G2-37," Whitman College.
  9. Gray to C. S. Pringle, 4 May 1882, Gray Papers, Box 2, File "G2-30," Whitman College.
 

10-19

10. Statesman, 14 September 1880.

11. Ibid.

12. Walla Walla Union, no date, Whitman Collection, File "W-13-A1 No. 13," Whitman College.

13. Gray to Secretaries of ABCFM, 10 June 1880.

14. Walla Walla Union-Bulletin, 18 October 1964, Archives, File "K34, Press Clippings 1963 - 1966," Whitman Mission National Historic Site, Walla Walla, Washington. (hereafter cited WHMI)

15. Gray to Editor of the Oregon State Journal, 11 January 1882, Gray Papers, Box 2, File "G2-28.5," Whitman College.

16. Portland Oregonian, 1 December 1897, Whitman Collection, File "W-13-A1 No. 6," Whitman College.

17. Gray's tombstone, located at the Whitman Mission National Historic Site, cites his death in 1889; Clifford M. Drury cites his death on February 16, 1893; while the Whitman Mission Chronology cites his death in 1881. Clifford M. Drury, Marcus and Narcissa Whitman and the Opening of Old Oregon, 2 vols. (California: Arthur Clark Co., 1973; reprint ed., Seattle: Pacific Northwest National Parks and Forests Association, 1986), p. 342; Chronology Whitman Mission National Historic Site, Walla Walla, Washington.

18. The Oregonian cites $400.00; Austin Rice and Edwin Eells cite $800.00 including interest; and the Whitman Mission Chronology cites $800.00. Oregonian, 1 December 1897; Austin Rice and Edwin Eells, "Whitman Monument Statement Regarding Deficiency and Paying For It," Letter, 1907, Whitman Collection, File "W-13-A No. 24," Whitman College; Chronology Whitman Mission.

19. Walla Walla Union, 17 April 1882, quoted in Oregon Pioneer and Historical Society, Proceedings of Annual Meeting, 11 May 1882.

 

20-29

20. The [San Francisco] Occident, 4 November 1897, Archives, File "D66, Whitman Memorial Association 1897," WHMI.

21. Rice and Eells, "Statement Regarding Deficiency," 1907.

22. The Occident, 4 November 1897.

23. Portland Oregonian, 1 December 1897.

24. The Occident, 4 November 1897.

25. Marvin M. Richardson, The Whitman Mission, The Third Station on the Old Oregon Trail (Walla Walla: Whitman Publishing Co., 1940), pp. 144 - 145. The Occident reports that Swegle donated five acres and sold 2 1/2 acres at $30.00 per acre; the Walla Walla Union-Bulletin reports that he sold 7.63 acres for $1.00. The Occident, 4 November 1897; Walla Walla Union-Bulletin, 18 October 1964.

26. "Agreement Between Whitman Memorial Association and Niles Vinson Marble Works," 20 August 1897, Walla Walla, Washington, Whitman Collection, File "W-13-A4 No. 18," Whitman College.

27. Ibid.

28. Walla Walla Union, 3 November 1897, Whitman Collection, File "W-13-A5 No. 3," Whitman College.

29. Rice and Eells, "Statement Regarding Deficiency," 1907. This document maintains that the shaft and grave marker cost $2,250.00 rather than the $2,100.00 recorded in the 1897 agreement. Further, it states that $1,150.00 was collected, leaving $1,100.00 still unpaid by 1907.

 

30-39

30. Ibid.

31. Ibid.

32. The Washington State Legislature passed a law establishing the Whitman Park Commission which was authorized to purchase the mission and monument property when the Legislature provided the funds. Apparently funds were never available. Washington, Legislature, house, An Act to provide for the acquirement, management and control by the State of Washington, of grounds surrounding and including what was the Whitman Mission, and where now stands the Whitman Monument, and authorizing the appointment of a commission, 7th sess., 1901, H. B. 412, pp. 346 - 348.

33. Marvin M. Richardson cites the founding of the church in 1907 although the Walla Walla Union-Bulletin quotes a woman who claims to have been married in the church in 1902. Also, H. B. 412, dated 1901, refers to the Whitman-Eells Memorial Church. Richardson, The Whitman Mission, p. 144; Walla Walla Union-Bulletin, 8 February 1974; Washington, Legislature, H. B. 412.

34. Draft of Dedication Speech, 1964, File "A8215, Dedication of Visitor Center June 6, 1964," WHMI; Walla Walla Union-Bulletin, 8 February 1974.

35. Whitman College, Minutes of Meetings of Board of Trustees, Meeting of 30 January 1914.

36. Walla Walla Union-Bulletin, 18 October 1964.

37. Ibid.

38. Ibid.

39. Walla Walla Daily Bulletin, 4 February 1926, Kiwanis Club Records, Kiwanis Club, Walla Walla, Washington.

 

40-49

40. Telephone interview with Howard Kaseberg, Walla Walla, Washington, 20 November 1986.

41. "Dedication of Whitman National Monument," Program, 27 September 1947, Whitman Collection, File "W-12-C No. 7," Whitman College.

42. Whitman Centennial, Incorporated, "A Brief Requesting Assistance in the Restoration of the Grounds and Reconstruction of the Buildings of the Waiilatpu Mission on the Centenary of its Founding 1836 - 1936," 1936, p. 27., Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, Whitman College.

43. C. W. Howard, Kiwanis Secretary to Herbert West, 5 October 1939, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, red notebook, Whitman College.

44. Whitman Centennial, Inc. "A Brief," p. 23.

45. Ibid.

46. Ibid.

47. Whitman Centennial, Inc., Minutes of Meetings, Meeting of 24 September 1935, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, black notebook, Whitman College.

48. Harlan D. Unrau and G. Frank Williss, "Administrative History: Expansion of the National Park Service in the 1930s," 1983, p. 194.

49. Whitman Centennial, Inc., Minutes of Meetings, Meeting of 17 June 1935, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, black notebook, Whitman College.

 

50-59

50. "Whitman Centennial Association Prospectus Regarding Purchase of Property," Memorandum, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 4, File "No. 16 Option for the Purchase of Property," Whitman College.

51. Olaf T. Hagen, "Report on the Preliminary Investigation of the proposed Whitman National Monument," Memorandum, 1936, p. 3., Archives, File "A26, Report on the Preliminary Investigation of the Proposed Whitman National Monument," WHMI.

52. U. S., Congress, Senate, Committee on Public Lands and Surveys, Whitman National Monument, S. Rept. 1937 to Accompany H. R. 7736, 74th Cong., 2d sess., 1936.

53. U. S., Congress, House Committee of Conference, Conference Report on H. R. 7736, Whitman National Monument, H. R. Rept. 2928 to Accompany H. R. 7736, 74th Cong., 2d sess., 1936.

54. Walla Walla Union, January 1937, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, black notebook, Whitman College.

55. Hagen, "Report on Whitman National Monument," p. 16. The "Whitman Legend" or "Whitman Myth" refers to the belief that Marcus Whitman "saved" Oregon from English possession. See chapter six.

56. Marvin M. Richardson to Herbert West, 29 January 1937, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, red notebook, Whitman College.

57. John Ise, Our National Park Policy: A Critical History (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1961), p. 35.

58. Charles B. Hosmer, Jr., Preservation Comes of Age: From Williamsburg to the National Trust, 1926 - 1949, p. 532 - 48, quoted in Unrau and Williss, "Administrative History," p. 173.

59. Emergency Conservation Work Organization Handbook, quoted in Unrau and Williss, "Administrative History," p. 174.

 

60-69

60. Barry Mackintosh, The National Parks: Shaping the System (Washington, D. C., National Park Service, 1985), p. 43.

61. Arthur E. Demaray, Acting Director to Herbert West, 15 December 1936, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, red notebook, Whitman College.

62. Russell C. Ewing, "Report on Field Investigation of Whitman Mission Site, Walla Walla County, Washington," Memorandum, 1937, p. 2., Archives, File "A26, Report on Field Investigation of Whitman Mission Site," WHMI.

63. Ibid.

64. Walla Walla Bulletin, 10 March 1937, Whitman Centennial Collection, unmarked newspaper clippings box, Whitman College.

65. Regional Historian Ewing to Director, 17 February 1937, Archives, File "A26, Correspondence 1936 - 1939," WHMI.

66. Spalding to West, 7 April 1937, Archives, File "A26, Correspondence 1936 - 1939," WHMI.

67. West to Richardson, 7 November 1938, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, File "Perpetual Trust Whitman Mission," Whitman College.

68. George A. Moskey, Chief Counsel, National Park Service to Herbert West, 8 December 1939, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, File "Perpetual Trust Whitman Mission," Whitman College.

69. Richardson, The Whitman Mission, pp. 147 - 148.

 

70-72

70. Donald F. Lee, Acting Chief Counsel, National Park Service to Herbert West, 11 August 1939, Archives, File "A26, Correspondence 1936 - 1939," WHMI.

71. A. J. Knox, Acting Chief Counsel, National Park Service to Herbert West, 10 February 1940, Whitman Centennial Collection, Box 1, red notebook, Whitman College.

72. "Dedication of Whitman National Monument," Program, 27 September 1947.

Did You Know?

singing sparrow

Over 200 different species of birds can be found at Whitman Mission National Historic Site. A large proportion of these are migratory and wintering birds indicating the importance of the 139-acre parcel as a stop over for those species. More...