• bible sitting next to a teapot

    Whitman Mission

    National Historic Site Washington

Endnotes: Chapter 7 (1-99)

 

1-9

1. Interview with Robert Amdor, Walla Walla, Washington 19 November 1986.

2. William C. Everhart, The National Park Service (New York: Praeger Publishers, Inc., 1972), p. 38.

3. National Park Courier, April 1968, National Park Service History Collection, Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.

4. Ruthanne Heriot, "Environmental Education Preliminary Inventory," Index, 17 December 1986, National Park Service History Collection, Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.

5. Radio interview script, 23 May 1969, Working Files, File "Raymond Stickler NEED Program," WHMI.

6. News Release, 21 May 1969, Working Files, File "Raymond Stickler NEED Program," WHMI.

7. Superintendent Whitman Mission to Regional Director, 11 June 1969, Archives, File "A6419, Goals/Objectives 1963 - 1984," WHMI.

8. "Whitman Mission National Historic Site Management Objectives," Memorandum, 19 February 1971, Archives, File "A6419, Goals/Objectives 1963 - 1984," WHMI.

9. "SAR," 1972; "SAR," 1973; "SAR," 1974, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1972 - 1975," WHMI.

 

10-19

10. "SAR," 1973; "SAR," 1974' Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1972 - 1975," WHMI.

11. Secretary of the Interior to Heads of Bureaus, 13 July 1971, National Park Service History Collection, Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.

12. "Whitman Mission National Historic Site Equal Employment Opportunity Guidelines FY 1975," Memorandum, 7 May 1974, File "P4021," Employment Office, National Park Service Pacific Northwest Region, Seattle, Washington.

13. Superintendent Whitman to Regional Director, 6 February 1976, Archives, File "A6419, Goals/Objectives 1963 - 1984," WHMI.

14. Director to Directorate and Field Directorate, 15 February 1985, National Park Service History Collection, File "H30," Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.

15. Acting Director to Directorate and All Regional Directors, 6 February 1978, National Park Service History Collection, File "A5623," Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.

16. Chief Park Interpreter to Superintendent, 19 November 1979; and Park Ranger to Superintendent, 7 August 1980, Archives, File "A6419, Goals/Objectives 1963 - 1984;" and "Situation Review Draft," Memorandum, no date, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

17. "SAN," 1980, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

18. Walla Walla Union-Bulletin, 24 March 1982, Archives, File "K34, Press Clippings 1981 - 1986," WHMI.

19. Interview with Marjorie Williams, Walla Walla, Washington, 7 October 1987.

 

20-29

20. Ibid.

21. Ibid.

22. Ibid.

23. Superintendent Whitman to Equal Employment Officer, 7 October 1980, File "P2615," Employment Office, National Park Service Pacific Northwest Region, Seattle, Washington.

24. "SAN," 1981, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

25. Superintendent Whitman to Equal Opportunity Officer, 28 March 1985, File "P2615," Employment Office, National Park Service Pacific Northwest Region, Seattle, Washington.

26. Superintendent Whitman to Equal Opportunity Officer, 29 May 1987, File "P2615," Employment Office, National Park Service Pacific Northwest Region, Seattle, Washington.

27. Superintendent Whitman to Regional Director, 28 October 1977, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

28. "Whitman Mission National Historic Site Situation Review," Memorandum, 1 March 1979, Archives, File " A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

29. "SAN," 1981, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

 

30-39

30. "SAN," 1985, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

31. Superintendent WNM to Superintendent MR, 22 September 1951, Archives, File "S72, Procurement of Supplies and Equipment 1941 - 1953," WHMI.

32. Superintendent WNM to Superintendent MR, 26 August 1950, Archives, File "S72, Procurement of Supplies and Equipment 1941 - 1953," WHMI.

33. Everhart, The National Park Service, p. 238.

34. "Status of Policy and Management Goals for FY80," Memorandum, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

35. "SAN," 1982, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

36. "SAN," 1985, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

37. Superintendent Whitman to Equal Opportunity Officer, 26 February 1986, File "P2615," Employment Office, National Park Service Pacific Northwest Region, Seattle, Washington.

38. News Release, "Entrance Fee Begins at Whitman Mission," no date, Working Files, File "News Releases," WHMI.

39. Courier, 32 (August 1987).

 

40-49

40. "Whitman National Monument Monthly Report," Memorandum, January 1941, Archives, File "A2615, MAR 1941 - 1962," WHMI.

41. Garth, interview.

42. Telephone interview with B. Loyal Smith, Walla Walla, Washington, 26 October 1987.

43. Telephone interview with Allen Reynolds, Walla Walla, Washington, 26 October 1987.

44. Telephone interview with Bill Vollendorf, Walla Walla, Washington, 26 October 1987.

45. "SAN," 1981, Archives, File "A2615, SAR 1976 - 1985," WHMI.

46. Telephone interview with Louise Jaussaud, Walla Walla, Washington, 13 December 1986.

47. Telephone interview with Albina Kness, Walla Walla, Washington, 26 October 1987.

48. Thompson, interview.

49. Waiilatpu Historical Association, Minutes of Meetings, Meeting of 8 February 1964, Marcus Whitman Foundation Papers, Box 1, File "Minutes of Meetings of Board of Trustees," Whitman College.

 

50-59

50. Pacific Northwest National Parks and Forest Association (Seattle: Pacific Northwest National Parks and Forest Association, 1987), p. 1.

51. "Annual Report for Waiilatpu Historical Association, Whitman Mission National Historic Site," 1964, Archives, File "A42, Annual Reports Waiilatpu Historical Association 1964 - 1969," WHMI.

52. Ibid.

53. "Annual Report for Waiilatpu Historical Association, Whitman Mission National Historic Site," 1974, Archives, File "A42, Annual Reports Waiilatpu Historical Association 1964 - 1969," WHMI.

54. "Master Plan for the Preservation and Use of Whitman National Monument, " 1959, revised 1960, Vol. 1, chapter 3, p. 3, Archives, File "D18, Master Plan Narrative 1960 - 1962," WHMI.

55. Telephone interview with Vance Orchard, Walla Walla, Washington, 26 October 1987.

56. Ibid.

57. Weldon to ?, no date, Archives, File "A30, Complaints 1948 - 1953," WHMI.

58. Thompson, interview.

59. Cameron Sherwood to Superintendent Amdor, 27 November 1986, Central Files, File "A8215, Sesquicentennial," WHMI.

 

60-69

60. Walla Walla Union-Bulletin, 24 March 1982, Archives, File "K34, Press Clippings 1981 - 1986," WHMI.

61. Local visitation includes Tri-Cities, Walla Walla, Milton-Freewater, and Pendleton. Dr. Donald R. Field and James H. Gramann, "Interpretive Activity Inventory The Whitman Mission Data," 1977, (Mimeographed.) Less scientific and less accurate data compiled from the guest book by the Park staff reveals that 7 percent or 8,789 Walla Wallans signed the guest book in 1986.

62. "A New Chapter in the Acts of the Apostles," Whitman College Quarterly, 1 (January 1897): 16.

63. Erwin N. Thompson, " The Graves at Waiilatpu," 1964, pp. 17 - 18, Archives, File "H22, The Graves at Waiilatpu," WHMI.

64. Walla Walla Union, no date, Whitman Collection, File "W-13-Al No. 13," Whitman College.

65. "Acts of the Apostles," p. 17.

66. Thompson, "Graves at Waiiltpu," p. 22.

67. Portland Oregonian, 1 December 1897, Whitman Collection, File "W-13-Al No. 6," Whitman College.

68. Walla Walla Evening Statesman, 2 March ?, Archives, File "D66, Whitman Memorial Association 1897," WHMI.

69. Rice and Eells, "Statement Regarding Deficiency," 1907.

 

70-79

70. B. Loyal Smith, speech given at Memorial Day Observance, May 1986, videotape, WHMI.

71. Robert L. Whitner, "The Myth that Saved the College," Two Essays on the History of Whitman College (Whitman College: The Trustees of Whitman College, 1983), pp. 1 - 6.

72. Superintendent MR to Regional Director, 16 December 1946, Archives, File "A30, Complaints 1946 - 1953," WHMI.

73. Walla Walla Union-Bulletin, 17 October 1948, Archives, File "K34, Newspaper, magazine, etc. articles," WHMI.

74. Superintendent WNM to Superintendent MR, 26 March 1954, Archives, File "D6215, Planning Preparation Maintenance Preservation of Museum Exhibits 1955 - 1961," WHMI.

75. Dodd, interview.

76. Ibid.

77. Ibid.

78. Conversation with J. Horner, President Associated Students of Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington, 3 October 1987.

79. Edwards, "The Marcus Whitman Legacy," p. 20.

 

80-89

80. Custodian Garth to Superintendent MR, 15 July 1949, Archives, File "A30, Complaints 1948 - 1953," WHMI.

81. U. S. Attorney to Superintendent MR, 4 January 1950, Archives, File "A30, Complaints 1948 - 1953," WHMI.

82. Superintendent WNM to ?, no date, Archives, File "A30, Complaints 1948 - 1953," WHMI.

83. Superintendent WNM to Superintendent MR, 28 November 1951, Archives, File "A30, Complaints 1948 - 1953," WHMI.

84. Superintendent WNM to Superintendent MR, 6 December 1950, Archives, File "L3019, Grazing S. U. P.s 1943 - 1955," WHMI.

85. Superintendent WNM to Superintendent MR, 1 September 1952, Archives, File "L3019, Grazing S. U. P.s 1943 - 1955," WHMI.

86. Superintendent WNM to Regional Director, 19 May 1958, Archives, File "L1425, Holdings Private 1958," WHMI.

87. Regional Director to Director, 20 July 1960, Archives, File "L1425, Holdings Private 1960," WHMI.

88. Interview with Molly Hanebut, Walla Walla, Washington, 9 October 1987.

89. Ibid.

 

90-99

90. Kowalkowski, interview, August 1986.

91. Amdor, interview.

92. Hanebut, interview.

93. Bill Vollendorf, "Whitman Mission Water Right History and Chronology," 1984, Archives, File "L54, Water Rights and Surface Water 1960 - 1963, 1980 - 1984," WHMI.

94. Shelden to Superintendent Whitman Mission, 23 October 1986, Central Files, File "L54, Surface Water Whitman Mission (Rights, Compacts, Resources)," WHMI.

95. Shelden to Superintendent Whitman Mission, 14 November 1980, Central Files, File "L3019, S. U. P. 9550-80-1 N. M. Shelden Grazing," WHMI.

96. Shelden to Gentlemen, 8 August 1978, Central Files, File "L3019, S. U. P. 9550-80-1 N. M. Shelden Grazing," WHMI.

97. Like Mr. Miller, Mr. Shelden tolerates the close proximity of Park visitors: "The Park . . . has essentially brought people to us and I can only forsee the extension, continuation, and growth of that same thing. It's understandable . . . but along with those things we would hope for a little protection and isolation or consideration." Interview with Neil Shelden, Walla Walla, Washington, 21 October 1987.

98. Regional Director to Superintendent MR, 11 December 1943, Archives, File "L3019, Grazing S. U. P.s 1943 - 1955," WHMI.

99. Acting Regional Director to Herbert West, 11 August 1942, Archives, File "L3019, Grazing (includes S. U. P.s)," WHMI.

Did You Know?

Brass compass which belonged to Dr. Whitman

In the fall of 1842 Dr. Whitman decided to travel from Waiilatpu to Boston. He wanted to convince the board members to keep his mission station open. Dr. Whitman was in such a hurry when he left that he forgot his compass.