Nature & Science
Washita Battlefield National Historic Site, though small in acreage, is ecologically very diverse. Located within its borders one can find upland mixed-grass prairie, wooded "benches" rising above grassy historic floodplains, a biologically significant riparian corridor, and dramatic outcroppings of pink gypsum. The views immediately north of the park is even more dramatic, being comprised of deep red shale outcroppings set against the western Oklahoma sky. The perennially flowing Washita River winding through the quiet grasslands of the now peaceful battlefield makes the park a haven for wild creatures.
While not known as a "natural park", it is the natural resources one notices at Washita Battlefield. It is these resources that set the scene and provide the backdrop for the tragic story of what occurred on this sacred ground. Perhaps the resilience of these natural resources are in part a testimonial to the resilience of Native cultures and the human spirit, which are so linked to the land that is Washita.
Did You Know?
Camp Supply, Indian Territory, was established November 1868, to support General Philip Sheridan's winter campaign against the Southern Plains Indians. Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and the 7th U.S. Cavalry left this camp to search for and engage "hostiles" reported to be in their winter camps along the Washita River. This historic post is located 13 miles north of Woodward, Oklahoma on Highway 183.