• Voyageurs NP Winter Black Bay Frozen Beaver Pond


    National Park Minnesota


Bearberry creeping over the rocks.

Voyageurs National Park lies in the Southern tip of the Northern Boreal forest. It's a place where predominantly hardwoods and conifers mix and meet.

The park is comprised of a variety of ecological systems, including fire-dependent forests, hardwood forests, peatlands, fens, marshes, rocky outcrops, and lakeshore environments. Pine, spruce, and fir are the primary conifers in the park, with aspen and birch forming a high percentage of the deciduous trees.

Historically, fire and wind were the primary disturbance factors shaping the composition and structure of the park's forests. Today, the effects of logging, non-native species encroachment and climate change also affect the forest and other plant communities in Voyageurs National Park.

Check out the Plant and Animal Guide on the brochures page.

Did You Know?

close-up view of showy ladyslipper orchid, Minnesota's state flower

You can view yellow and showy ladyslipper orchids outside of the Kabetogama Visitor Center in Voyageurs National Park. Blooms typically occur in late spring or early summer. Call ahead for details.