Wherever stable and reasonably well lit surfaces occur in nature, so will lichens. A bizarre partnership of fungus and algae, lichens will grow on soil, rock, and even trees. Although they give the appearance of being parasitic on their vegetative hosts, lichens are anything but, being self-reliant in feeding themselves through photosynthesis in their algal cells. The algae, in turn, benefits from the ability of the fungus to better find, soak up, and retain water and nutrients.
Did You Know?
In 1903, Massachusetts was the first state to erect a memorial to its soldiers who served during the Vicksburg campaign on the grounds of Vicksburg National Military Park.