• Log huts are coated in a fresh layer of snow

    Valley Forge

    National Historical Park Pennsylvania

Bibliography

Books, Articles, Published Reports, and Proceedings


Atkinson, Virginia L. "Campfollowers of the American Revolution." Picket Post, Summer 1976, PP. 13—17.

Bauerlein, Chuck. "Teaching America About Freedom." Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine, December 18, 1983, pp. 26—28.

Bean, Theodore W. The History of Montgomery County. Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1884.

______. Washington at Valley Forge One Hundred Years Ago, or, The Foot-Prints of the Revolution. Norristown Pa.: Author, 1876.

Bestor, Arthur Eugene, Jr. Backwoods Utopias: The Sectarian and Owenite Phases of Communitarian Socialism in America, 1663—1829. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1950.

Blanco, Richard L. The War of the American Revolution: A Selected Bibliography of Published Sources. New York: Garland, 1984.

Bodle, Wayne K., and Jacqueline Thibaut. Valley Forge Report 3 vols. Valley Forge, Pa.: Valley Forge National Historical Park, 1980—82.

Vol. 1: The Vortex of Small Fortunes: The Continental Army at Valley Forge, 1777—1778, by Wayne K. Bodle.

Vol. 2: The Fatal Crisis: Logistics and the Continental Army at Valley Forge, 1777—1778, by Jacqueline Thibaut.

Vol. 3: In the True Rustic Order: Historic Resource Study and Historical Base Maps of the Valley Forge Encampment, 1777—1778, by Jacqueline Thibaut.

Brooke, Francis M. To the Senators and Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 22 February 1897. Valley Forge, Pa., 1897.

Brown, Henry Armitt Valley Forge Oration of Henry Armitt Brown, Philadelphia: Press of Loughhead & Co., 1895.

Brumbaugh George Edwin. "Report to the Valley Forge Park Commission on the Col. William Dewees Mansion, Valley Forge." Picket Post, January 1950, pp. 11—18.

Burk, Eleanor H. S In the Beginning at Valley Forge and the Washington Memorial Cathedral. North Wales, Pa.: Norman B. Nuss, 1938.

Burke, W. Herbert. "The American Westminster." DAR Magazine 42 (December 1923), 784—787.

______. Historical and Topographical Guide to Valley Forge. Norristown Pa., 1906. Also published in 1920 and 1928 by Norman B. Nuss (North Wales, Pa.).

______. Making a Museum: The Confessions of a Curator. N. p., 1926.

______. The Valley Forge Address of Theodore Roosevelt. Norristown, Pa., 1909.

______. "Valley Forge: Its Past, Present, and Future." In Historical Sketches: A Collection of Papers Prepared for the Historical Society of Montgomery County. Vol. 4, pp. 235—247. >Norristown Pa., 1910.

______. Washington at Valley Forge: A Drama. N p , 1905.

"Camp Huts Rising Again on Historic Winter Encampment as Restoration Work Goes On." Picket Post, July 1947, pp. 28—29.

Carraway, Gertrude. "Valley Forge Bell Tower Cornerstone Relaid." DAR Magazine 84 (August 1950), 652—653.

Carson, Hampton L. "The Life and Services of Samuel W. Pennypacker" Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 41 (1917), 1—125.

Ceremonies at the Dedication of the Equestrian Monument of Major-General Anthony Wayne Erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania on the Revolutionary Campground at Valley Forge, 20 June 1908. Harrisburg, Pa.: Harrisburg Publishing Co., State Printer, 1909.

Collins, F. A. "Valley Forge Memorial Park." Outlook, April 11, 1917, pp. 655—657

Custis, George Washington Parke. Recollections and Private Memoirs of George Washington by His Adopted Son. New York: Derby & Jackson, 1860.

"Daughters of the American Revolution Campaign for Thanksgiving Tower Is Nearing the Goal Fixed at $100,000." Picket Post, April 1947, pp. 31—32.

"Daughters of the American Revolution Go Forward in Plans to Build Bell Tower for Valley Forge." Picket Post, July 1946, pp. 24—27.

"Demolition of Original Chapel and Teddy Roosevelt Letters Link Memories of Great Memorial." Picket Post, January 1948, pp. 47—49.

Dodd, John Bruce. Classified Structure Field Inventory Reports (unless otherwise noted, all published in 1979 by Valley Forge National Historical Park):

Blacksmith Shop
Fort Mordecai Moore
Group III Replicas of Soldiers' Huts
Kennedy-Supplee Mansion
Mount Joy Redan
Observation Tower
(1978)
Redoubt #2
Schoolhouse
Stirling Redan

Dodd, John Bruce, and Cherry Dodd. Historic Structure Reports (all published in 1981 by Valley Forge National Historical park):

The Philander Knox Estate
Varnum's Quarters
Washington's Headquarters

Dryanski, G. U. "What Happened to the Forge at Valley Forge?" Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine, July 22, 1962, pp. 4—5.

Eastwood-Siebold, Lloyd. "A New Day Is Dawning." Picket Post, October 1950, p. 4.

Environmental Assessment Draft General Management Plan. Denver, Colo. Denver Service Center, U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, June 1980.

Ewing, William Cox. "Valley Forge Revisited." In George Ewing: Gentleman and Soldier of Valley Forge. Edited by Thomas Ewing. Yonkers, N.Y., 1928.

Four Years of Work for Freedom, 1949—1953. Valley Forge, Pa.: Freedoms Foundation, August 31, 1953.

George, Douglas C. Archaeological Collection Management at Valley Forge. Philadelphia: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1984.

Hart, John Robbins. Valley Forge During World War II. New York: American Historical Co., 1944.

Hocker, Edward W. "Valley Forge as a National Park." Outlook, April 6, 1901, pp. 787—790.

Hosmer, Charles B., Jr. Preservation Comes of Age: From Williamsburg to the National Trust, 1926—1949. 2 vols. Charlottesville, Va.: Preservation Press, 1981.

Huxtable, Ada Louise. "Inventing American Reality." New York Review of Books, December 3, 1992, pp. 24—29.

Jackson, John W. Pinnacle of Courage. Gettysburg, Pa.: Thomas Publications, 1992.

James, Mrs. (Isabella) Thomas Potts. Memorial of Thomas Potts. Cambridge, Mass., 1874.

Johnson, Clifton. "Midwinter at Valley Forge." Women's Home Companion, January 1902, pp. 9—10, 44.

Jones, Gilbert. "Commissioners Urge Restoration of Valley Forge Encampment." Picket Post, July 1944, pp. 11—14.

______. "Future May Learn from the Past." Picket Post, October 1944, p. 2.

_______ "People's Mandate to Restore the Valley Forge Encampment Urged by Park Commissioners." Picket Post, April 1946, pp. 6—16.

Kammen, Michael. Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.

_______. A Season of Youth: The American Revolution and the Historical Imagination. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978.

The Kennedy-Supplee Mansion. Wayne, Pa.: Middle States Preservation, December 1986.

Kurtz, James. Archaeological Inventory and Assessment: The Western Portion. Washington, D.C.:

U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Regional Office, 1990.

Lossing, Benson J. Washington: A Biography. New York: Virtue Emmens & Co., 1860.

Lowenthal David. The Past Is a Foreign Country. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Marling, Karal Ann. George Washington Slept Here: Colonial Revivals and American Culture, 1876—1986. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1988.

McInnes, Mary T. History of the Valley Forge Chapter, National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. N.p., 1944.

"Mementos of Freedom." Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine, December 8, 1963, pp. 6—7.

"Memorial Tower Fund of DAR over $60,000." Picket Post, January 1947, p. 41.

"Message from the President." Valley Forge Journal, June 1982, p. 5.

Mitchell, Judith. "Ann Pamela Cunningham and Mount Vernon: A Southern Matron's Legacy." Paper presented at the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the National Council on Public History, Valley Forge, Pa., April 29-May 2, 1993.

Mooney-Melvin, Patricia. "Harnessing the Romance of the Past: Preservation, Tourism, and History." The Public Historian 13 (Spring 1991), 35—48.

Moritzen, Julius. "Valley Forge and the Nation." Harper's Weekly, June 22, 1901, pp. 628—629.

"National Carillon to Be Housed in Tower Provided by Funds Obtained by Daughters of American Revolution." Picket Post, July 1947, p. 31.

"New Post Office at Valley Forge Dedicated" Picket Post, October 1964, pp. 18—19, 29.

Newton, A. Edward. "Change Cars in Paoli." In The Greatest Book in the World and Other Papers. New York: Little, Brown & Co., 1925.

1990: The Year in Review. Valley Forge, Pa.: Freedoms Foundation, n.d.

"Notes and Queries." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 18 (1894), 384.

"Only Gradual Changes at the Park." Picket Post, 4th quarter 1976, pp. 21—22.

Parrington, Michael, Helen Schenck, and Jacqueline Thibaut. "The Material World of the Revolutionary Soldier at Valley Forge." In The Scope of Historical Archaeology: Essays in Honor of John L. Cotter. Edited by David G. Orr and Daniel G. Crozier. Philadelphia: Temple University Department of Anthropology, 1984.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, and Gilboy, Stauffer & Giombetti, Stibinski & Davies, Architects, Planners, and Engineers. A Master Plan for Valley Forge State Park. Harrisburg, Pa., April 20, 1975.

Pennypacker, Israel R. Address of Israel R. Pennypacker Made Before Pennsylvania Society and New York Color Guard Sons of the Revolution at Valley Forge, June> 7, 1930. Philadelphia: John T. Palmer Co., 1930.

______. The Burned Valley Forge: Judge Koch's Report and the Evidence Contrary to Its Conclusions. N.p., 1929.

______. "Valley Forge." American Mercury Magazine, March 7, 1926, pp. 341—345.

______. The Valley Forge Burned by the British Troops, September 1777, and an Analysis of the Myers Report. N.p., 1929.

Perrine, William "Washington's Christmas at Valley Forge." Ladies' Home Journal, December 1898, p. 7

Pinkowsky, Edward. Washington's Officers Slept Here. Philadelphia: Sunshine Press, 1953.

Powell, Barbara McDonald. "The Most Celebrated Encampment: Valley Forge in American Culture, 1777—1983." Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, 1983.

Proceedings on the Occasion of the Centennial Celebration of the Occupation of Valley Forge by the Continental Army Under George Washington, June 1878. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1879.

"Question Box." Picket Post, April 1964, October 1964, January 1965, and July 1971.

Raphael, Toby. "An American Treasure Preserved." Picket Post, 2nd quarter 1979, pp. 11—18.

Reed, John F. "Dedication at Valley Forge." Picket Post, January 1968, pp. 26—27.

______. Valley Forge: Crucible of Victory. Monmouth Beach, N.J.: Philip Freneau Press, 1969.

______. "Vision at Valley Forge." Bulletin of the Montgomery County Historical Society 15 (Fall 1966), 28.

Reeves, Enos. "Extracts from the Letter-Books of Lieutenant Enos Reeves." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 21(1897), 235—265.

Report from Valley Forge, 40th Anniversary Edition. Valley Forge, Pa.: Freedoms Foundation, 1989.

Rhoads, Anne F., Douglas Ryan, and Ella W Aderman. Land Use Study of Valley Forge National Historical Park. Valley Forge, Pa.: Valley Forge National Historical Park, 1989.

Richardson, W. H. "Valley Forge." New England Magazine 23 (February 1901), 597—608.

Roshong, Margaret D. "Sheas Family Association with Valley Forge." Picket Post, July 1967, pp. 34—36.

Ross, Howard DeHaven. History of the DeHaven Family. New York: Pandick Press, 1929.

Sayen, William H. "Valley Forge Park." Bulletin of the Montgomery County Historical Society 21 (Fall 1978), 205—237.

Schenck, Helen. "Archaeological Prospecting at Valley Forge." Journal of the Museum of Applied Science Center for Archaeology, December 1978, pp. 16—17.

______. "The Upper Forge at Valley Forge." Report done for the Museum of Applied Science Center for Archaeology (MASCA), November 1984.

Schmerhorn, Frank E. "Ode to the Last Log of a Soldier's Hut." Picket Post, April 1947, p. 43.

______. "Roof-Log from a Hut at Valley Forge." Picket Post, April 1948, p. 23.

Seiders, J. F. Thirty Ancestors of Richard Henry Koch. Pottsville, Pa. , 1939.

Sheas, Jerome. "The Forges at Valley Forge." Picket Post, July 1944, pp. 3—6.

Slocum, Stephen Elmer. "The American Westminster." The Mentor 13 (October 1925), 45—48.

"Society Museum Must Present Drama, Not Cabinet of Curios or Castoffs." Picket Post, January 1945, p. 9.

"Society's Stolen Artifacts Recovered by Police." Picket Post, 3rd quarter 1977, pp. 18—20, 39.

Sons of the American Revolution, Portland, Maine, Society. Maine at Valley Forge. N p., 1908.

Stager, H. J. History of the Centennial and Memorial Association of Valley Forge. N.p., 1911.

Stephens, Emily D. The Story of the Eviction of the Stephens Family: or, Tyrannic Rule at Valley Forge. Norristown Pa. N.p., 1937.

Stephens, William M. "Burial Places of the Soldiers at Valley Forge." Bulletin of the Montgomery County Historical Society 3 (April 1942), 154—156.

Stone, George Wheeler. "The Mount Joy Forge on Valley Creek." In The Scope of Historical Archaeology: Essays in Honor of John L. Cotter. Edited by David G. Orr and Daniel G. Crozier. Philadelphia: Temple University Department of Anthropology, 1984.

"Sullivans Bridge Monument." In Historical Sketches: A Collection of Papers Prepared for the Historical Society of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Vol. 4, pp. 31—44. Norristown, Pa.: The Organization, 1910.

"Tom Thumb's Family Sees Midget's Piano." Picket Post, October 1947, p. 22.

Trussell, John B. B. , Jr., Birthplace of an Army: A Story of the Valley Forge Encampment. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1983. Originally published in 1976.

"U.S. Carrier Goes into Commission with Mementos of the Historic Winter Encampment." Picket Post, January 1947, pp. 47—49.

U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Hearings on HR 2257, HR 5621, and HR 7989. 94th Congress, 1st Session, September 29, 1975.

Unrau, Harlan D. Administrative History of Valley Forge National Historical Park. Denver, Colo. Denver Service Center, U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1984.

"Valley Forge Historical Society Exhibit Opened July 4 1984." Valley Forge Journal, December 1984, pp. 146—148.

"The Valley Forge Library." Picket Post, February 1962, pp. 40—41.

Valley Forge National Historical Park. Interpretive Prospectus. Valley Forge, Pa.: Valley Forge National Historical Park, February 15, 1982.

Valley Forge Park Commission. Reports for various years:

Report . . . December 17, 1896.
Report . . . December 27, 1900.
Report . . . December 16, 1902.
Report . . . 1904.
Report . . . 1906.
Report . . . 1908.
Report . . . 1910.
Report . . . 1912.
Report . . . December 30, 1916.
Twelfth Biennial Report . . . March 1, 1919.
Report . . . 30 August 1927 to 1 June 1929.
Report . . . 1931—1935.
Report . . . 26 July 1939 to 1 January 1943.
Report . . . January 1943 to January 1947.
Report . . . January 1947 to January 1951.

"The Valley Forge Reservation." In Historical Sketches: A Collection of Papers Prepared for the Historical Society of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Vol. 5, pp. 369-381. Norristown, Pa., 1915.

Varnum's Quarters Is a Fine Work of Restoration." Picket Post, October 1945, pp. 25—26.

Wallace, Michael. "Visiting the Past: History Museums in the United States." Radical History Review 25(1981), 63—96.

Walter, Greg. "Snow Job at Valley Forge." Philadelphia Magazine, February 1968, pp. 71—75, 148—154.

Washington, George. The Diaries of George Washington. Edited by Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig. Vol. 5. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1979.

______. The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745—1799. Edited by John C. Fitzpatrick. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1931—1944.

Webster, Daniel. The Works of Daniel Webster. Vol. 2. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1851.

Weygandt, Cornelius. The Blue Hills. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1936.

Wildes, Harry Emerson. Valley Forge. New York: Macmillan, 1938.

Williams, Edgar "That Log Cabin at Valley Forge." Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine, June 14, 1959, pp. 6—7

Wistar, Owen. Lady Baltimore. New York: Macmillan, 1906.

Woodman, Henry. The History of Valley Forge. Oaks, Pa.: John Francis Sr., 1921. Letters originally published in 1850.


Primary Source Material Collections


Chester County Historical Society, West Chester, Pa.:

Clipping Files. (There is a separate section for Valley Forge. See below.)

Valley Forge Centennial and Memorial Association Proceedings, 1879.

Valley Forge Miscellaneous File (Several unnumbered boxes in the vault, items are in alphabetical order).

Defenders' Gate, Valley Forge, Pa. Washington Memorial Chapel Parish Files. (Items are presently in unmarked boxes in the cellar.)

Freedoms Foundation, Valley Forge, Pa. Freedoms Foundation Archives. (Items consisting of reports, ephemera, and correspondence were pulled for me by the librarian. Materials were not organized in named collections except for Ken Wells's correspondence, which was in boxes marked as such.)

Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.:

AM3011.

John Fanning Watson, "Trip to Valley Forge and the Camp Hills," July 1828.

Nicholson Scrapbooks, Oberholtzer Papers. Society Collection.

Montgomery County Historical Society, Norristown Pa. Newspaper Clipping Scrapbooks.

National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Regional Office, Philadelphia, Pa. Files.

Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa. Records of the Valley Forge Park Commission. Record Group 46. (There are minute books on microfilm, and loose correspondence that is divided into "general correspondence" and "commission correspondence.")

University of Pennsylvania Archives, Philadelphia, Pa. Charles Custis Harrison Papers.

Valley Forge Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Norristown Pa. Minutes of the Organization.

Valley Forge Historical Society, Valley Forge, Pa.:

Curator's Archives. (Materials are kept in separate file cabinets relating to items in the museum collections.)

General Files. (A file cabinet in the basement, contents in no particular order.)

Litigation Papers. (Separate boxes holding materials relating to the recent litigation with Washington Memorial Chapel.)

Minutes of the Organization.

Valley Forge National Historical Park (VFNHP), Valley Forge, Pa.:

Horace Willcox Memorial Library, Vertical Files.

Record Group 2.

John Reed Collection, Record Group 10.

Francis M. Brooke Collection, Record Group 12.

Records of the Valley Forge Park Commission, Record Group 46.

(Minutes of the organization are kept on microfilm, duplicating what exists in Harrisburg.) Archives. (The term "Archive" refers to inactive files kept on the second floor at Administrative Headquarters. At some point, these will be archived.)

Winterthur Museum and Gardens, Wilmington, Del. George Edwin Brumbaugh Papers.


Chester County Historical Society Newspaper Clipping Files


The following Philadelphia-area newspapers have articles about Valley Forge. Clippings were made by the Chester County Historical Society and are retained in their files.

American Republican, 1852—1903.
The Archive, 1949-1951.
The Casket, 1830.
Coatesville Record, 1905—1936.
Daily Local News, 1873—1972.
Daily Republican, 1916—1967.
Kansas City Star, 1951.
North American, 1902.
Philadelphia Bulletin, 1904—1936.
Philadelphia Inquirer, 1928.
Philadelphia Press, 1895—1908.
Philadelphia Public Ledger, 1904—1928.
Philadelphia Record, 1909-1911.
Philadelphia Times, 1878.
Phoenixville Messenger, 1882.
Spring City Reporter, 1915.
Village Record, 1882—1909.



Valley Forge National Historical Park Newspaper Clipping Files


The following newspapers contained information about Valley Forge. Clippings were collected by the staff at Valley Forge Park. Information is available in the park's scrapbooks, filed in Record Group 2.

Philadelphia Bulletin, 1970—1974.
Philadelphia Inquirer, 1969-1980.
Suburban and Wayne Times, 1972.
Today's Post, 1971.



Other Newspapers Consulted


New York Herald Tribune, 1947.
New York Times, 1990
Norristown Times Herald, 1896—1976.
Philadelphia Inquirer, 1992.
Suburban and Wayne Times, 1989.

Washington Chapel Chronicles. 1908—1920. (Actually the Washington Memorial Chapel parish newsletter. Copies are available at Horace Willcox Memorial Library at Valley Forge National Historical Park.)



Interviews


Beach, Warren D. (Denny). Superintendent at Valley Forge National Historical Park. August 3, 1992.

Boyle, Joseph Lee. Historian at Valley Forge National Historical Park. April 14, 1993, and informal talks from 1990 to 1993.

Dodson, Bob. Chief of Interpretation at Valley Forge National Historical Park. August 3, 1992.

Jones, Meade. President of Valley Forge Historical Society. August 7, 1992.

Kalbach, E. Scott. Chief Ranger at Valley Forge National Historical Park. April 21, 1993.

Marshall-Dutcher, Joan. Historian at Valley Forge National Historical Park. June 5, 1992, and informal talks from 1990 to 1993.

McGimsey, Tom. Historic architect at Valley Forge National Historical Park. August 5, 1992.

Miller, Robert, Betty Miller, and Charles Hepburn. Respectively, president of the Freedoms Foundation, his wife, and the foundation's vice president. September 10, 1992.

Smith, Rev. Dr. Sheldon M. Retired rector at Washington Memorial Chapel. June 24, 1992.

Stinson Rev Dr Richard. Rector at Washington Memorial Chapel. August 13, 1992.

Wells, Richard. Formerly team captain of the Planning Team, Mid-Atlantic / North Atlantic Team, Denver Service Center. April 22, 1993.

Did You Know?

The huts used by Washington's guard, framed by falling snow.

Valley Forge was the third of the eight American winter encampments during the Revolutionary War. It is the best known of the eight, however, because it is remembered as the birthplace of the Continental Army.