Surviving and Thriving - Lesson 6: Successful “Sogering.”
- Grade Level:
- Fifth Grade-Eighth Grade
- Colonial History, History, Military and Wartime History, Revolutionary War
- Group Size:
- Up to 24 (4-8 breakout groups)
- National/State Standards:
- Pennsylvania State Standards:
8.1: Historical Analysis and Skills Development; 8.3: United States History.
8.1.6. B, 8.3.6. A, 8.1.7. B, 8.3.7. A, 8.1.8. B, 8.3.8. A
Common Core Standards
RH.6-8.2, RH.6-8.7, WHST.6-8.4, WHST.6-8.9
OverviewGeneral von Steuben was the man in charge of turning Washington’s Army into a more highly trained fighting force, but how did this all happen? This module focuses on taking students through the basic steps toward becoming a “professional” soldier in 1777. The term “sogering” comes from Private Joseph Plumb Martin’s memoirs when he referred to “soldiering”, or being a soldier.
In the sixth lesson, students will evaluate the new addition to Washington's command, Baron von Steuben, through the use of drawing and evaluation of historic paintings- Students will view a Liberty's Kids episode clip as a follow up to Step 1.
Each student must remember that he/she is also moving through the steps of the module from the perspective of an individual Continental soldier who is ultimately assessing his/her ability to successfully "survive and thrive" while encamped at Valley Forge.
BackgroundThe "Surviving and Thriving" unit is broken into seven lesson plans. A class needn't complete every lesson in the unit, though some lessons do refer to one another and are better done in sequence. However, each lesson comes with its own set of objectives and resources.
Lesson 1: The March In
Lesson 2: Washington's Orders
Lesson 3: Breakfast...Lunch...Dinner?
Lesson 4: Keeping the Doctor Away
Lesson 5: The Daily Routine
Lesson 6: Successful "Sogering"
Lesson 7: The March Out
For each Learning module students will complete the exercises assigned and then award themselves “Survival Points” within this rubric as a measure of assessing two elements: 1)The strength of their academic work in each assigned exercise and 2)Their ability to “survive” the long winter months at Valley Forge from march in to march out. Download
Second, students will complete "Baron von Steuben: Evaluating Historic Paintings"
Third, students will view the video segment from Liberty's Kids (15:00-17:50)
Step 2: What did Baron von Steuben really accomplish at Valley Forge? Students will view the ranger/interpreter video clips linked below and construct responses to the questions. Ranger Bill Troppman explains Von Steuben http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEcpnRwVYuc&feature=relmfu Interpreters explaining the drilling exercises of the Continental Army http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBGH2kFimRM&feature=related
Step 1: Students may award themselves up to 5 Survival Points on the Survival Rubric if they successfully complete the exercises in Step 1.
What do you think was Baron von Steuben's most important quality?
Why was Baron von Steuben's system so unique?
Students may award themselves up to 5 Survival Points on the Survival Rubric if they successfully complete the exercises in Step 2 based on the self-assessed quality of their work.