Lesson Plan

Surviving and Thriving - Lesson 3: Breakfast...Lunch...Dinner?

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Grade Level:
Fifth Grade-Eighth Grade
Subject:
Colonial History, History, Military and Wartime History, Revolutionary War
Group Size:
Up to 24 (4-8 breakout groups)
Setting:
classroom
National/State Standards:
Pennsylvania State Standards:
8.1: Historical Analysis and Skills Development
8.1.6. B, 8.1.7. B, 8.1.8. B

Common Core State Standards
RH.6-8.2, RH.6-8.3, WHST.6-8.2a-f, WHST.6-8.4, WHST.6-8.9

Overview

The men have to eat…but how and what? This module focuses on introducing students to the hardships of the encampment, specifically related to the daily food needs of the soldiers.

The "Surviving and Thriving" unit is broken into seven lesson plans. A class needn't complete every lesson in the unit - each lesson comes with its own set of objectives and resources.
This is lesson 3 of the unit.

Objective(s)

In the third lesson, students will examine a sample of historical fiction and describe Continental Army fare while constructing a journal entry from first-person perspective.

Each student must remember that he/she is also moving through the steps of the module from the perspective of an individual Continental soldier who is ultimately assessing his/her ability to successfully "survive and thrive" while encamped at Valley Forge. 



Background

The "Surviving and Thriving" unit is broken into seven lesson plans. A class needn't complete every lesson in the unit, though some lessons do refer to one another and are better done in sequence. However, each lesson comes with its own set of objectives and resources.

Throughout the unit, students will evaluate and understand the winter encampment site at Valley Forge (1777-78) by taking part in the life of a member of the Continental Army as it marched into Valley Forge, was challenged by multiple elements, and then potentially exited to continue the war for independence against the British. 

We suggest that students be placed in small, heterogeneous groups which can then move as independent entities through the lessons. The students within a group will individually complete the "Survival Rubric" with each learning module to determine, at the completion of the curriculum, how successfully he/she has "survived and thrived" by virtue of their individual "survival score."
Other lessons in this unit
Lesson 1: The March In
Lesson 2: Washington's Orders
Lesson 3: Breakfast...Lunch...Dinner?
Lesson 4: Keeping the Doctor Away
Lesson 5: The Daily Routine
Lesson 6: Successful "Sogering"
Lesson 7: The March Out


Materials