• White Haven Main House and Outbuildings

    Ulysses S Grant

    National Historic Site Missouri

A valuable lesson learned in 1861

Florida, Missouri

July 14, 1861

From the Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant -

…I received orders to move against Colonel Thomas Harris, who was said to be encamped at the little town of Florida, some twenty-five miles south of where we then were.

…Harris had been encamped in a creek bottom for the sake of being near water. The hills on either side of the creek extend to a considerable height, possibly more than a hundred feet. As we approached the brow of the hill from which it was expected we could see Harris’ camp, and possibly find his men ready formed to meet us, my heart kept getting higher and higher until it felt to me as though it was in my throat. I would have given anything then to have been back in Illinois, but I had not the moral courage to halt and consider what to do; I kept right on. When we reached a point from which the valley below was in full view I halted. The place where Harris had been encamped a few days before was visible, but the troops were gone. My heart resumed its place. It occurred to me at once that Harris had been as much afraid of me as I had been of him. This was a view of the question I had never taken before; but it was one I never forgot afterwards. From that event to the close of the war, I never experienced trepidation upon confronting an enemy, though I always felt more or less anxiety. I never forgot that he had as much reason to fear my forces as I had his. The lesson was valuable.

Did You Know?

Julia Dent Grant, photo by Mathew Brady

When Ulysses Grant asked Julia Dent's father for permission to marry her, Ulysses was instead offered her younger sister, Ellen. Ulysses and Julia were married on August 22, 1848.