• Sunlight illuminates the top of historic Mission San José de Tumacácori church.


    National Historical Park Arizona

Plants of the Mission Garden

Visitor Center Garden

Tumacácori visitor center garden

NPS Photo

The "mission garden" at Tumacácori was built in 1937 as part of the visitor center construction. In the garden are many plants that were imported from Europe and brought to their missions by the padres.

Attached to any mission church was a convento - an open square of rooms surrounding a courtyard. The convento housed workshops, classrooms, and the priest's personal quarters. In the courtyard there would be a garden, often with a fountain.


Ornamental Pomegranite Flower

The Tumacácori garden and grounds have both ornamental pomegranate trees, with carnation – like flowers and fruit – bearing pomegranates.

The pomegranate is a small tree native to the Middle East. It has been cultivated in the Mediterranean region since ancient times. Spanish settlers brought it to the new world, and the priests carried it north with the missions.

Pomegranite fruits

Pomegranite fruits

As befits a fruit with many seeds, the pomegranate is a traditional symbol of fertility.


Did You Know?

Tumacácori Mission church, ca. 1889

Construction of the Franciscan church at Tumacácori took place from about 1800 through the early 1820s. Due to lack of funds, the plans for the structure not only had to be modified, the building was never finished.