• Sunlight illuminates the top of historic Mission San José de Tumacácori church.


    National Historical Park Arizona

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  • Anza Trail Impassable in Areas

    Due to a large flood event, sections of the Anza Trail between the mission grounds and Tubac are impassable to both hikers and horses. Visitors may use the trail north to the first river crossing, but travel beyond that point is not recommended.

  • Pet Policy

    In compliance with the Code of Federal Regulations and Superintendent's Compendium, Tumacácori prohibits pets from all government buildings and the mission grounds. More »

Mesquite Tree

Mesquite tree on Tumacácori Mission grounds
Velvet mesquite tree on Tumacácori Mission grounds
Photo by Anita Badertscher

The mesquite tree was extremely important to the O'odham people. The bean pods were an essential food staple. The hard wood is excellent as firewood and as a building material.

Both velvet and honey mesquites are found here at Tumacácori National Historical Park, with velvet mesquite being by far the most prevalent tree in the park.

Velvet mesquite pods

Velvet mesquite bean pods

Photo Courtesy of Tarleton University

The mesquite bean can be cooked and eaten as a vegetable when fresh. Fully ripened and dried, the pod can be ground into a flour that is sweet and very high in protein.

Come visit this park and see the rare and protected riparian mesquite bosque habitat in person.

Did You Know?

Apache Warrior

Some Apaches raided somewhere in the Pimería Alta during the full moon nearly every month, using the darkness for cover and the light of the moon to travel swiftly.