• Sunlight illuminates the top of historic Mission San José de Tumacácori church.


    National Historical Park Arizona

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  • Anza Trail Impassable in Areas

    Due to a large flood event, sections of the Anza Trail between the mission grounds and Tubac are impassable to both hikers and horses. Visitors may use the trail north to the first river crossing, but travel beyond that point is not recommended.

  • Pet Policy

    In compliance with the Code of Federal Regulations and Superintendent's Compendium, Tumacácori prohibits pets from all government buildings and the mission grounds. More »

Women of the Pimería Alta


María Rita Duran as portrayed by Park Ranger Anita Badertscher

NPS Photo

The women of the Pimería Alta made outstanding contributions to the communities they lived in. Unfortunately, most of them were uneducated and could not write, making it difficult to learn much about them. The searchable Mission 2000 database, however, grows every year as more documents are translated and input into the system. A few of the most compelling stories from Mission 2000 have been summarized by park interpreters and historians. Here are some notable women from the annals of mission history:

Did You Know?

Father Kino

Father Eusebio Franciso Kino established more than twenty missions among the O'odham Indians of the Pimería Alta between 1687 and 1711.