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Transportation Planning Checklist

The typical project planning process is divided into eight steps, which are described below. Each step also includes a review of all relevant documentation and background materials, as well as NPS project planning and development oversight.

  1. Describe transportation problem
    A transportation problem that relates conditions to park/NPS goals is presented. A well-defined problem helps determine partnership opportunities and data collection needs. Begin collecting and analyzing supporting data on existing conditions. Review existing internal and external resources and communicate with stakeholders. More...

  2. Develop project alternatives
    Develop feasible options to respond to problem including the option for doing nothing. Should include range of potential modes, alignments, and costs. Number of options should be manageable. Begin formal public involvement process. Determine if alternatives have significant impacts requiring an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) or Environmental Assessment (EA). More...

  3. Evaluate alternatives (DEIS, if required)
    Evaluate alternatives based on costs, benefits, feasibility, environmental impacts, and consistency with park plans. Develop funding strategies and financial plans. Continue public outreach. If EIS required, this step results in a draft EIS (DEIS). More...

  4. Choose preferred alternative
    Choose alternative that offers the best combination of benefits relative to costs, minimal environmental impacts, technical feasibility, and financial viability. More...

  5. Finalize scope, cost estimates (FEIS, if required), and operating plans
    Refine the design and operating plan to a level of detail that allows accurate cost estimates. Finalize items such as the precise location and design of facilities and the specifications of any vehicles and buildings. Describe funding concept, supported by detailed long-range financial planning. If significant environmental impacts can be expected from the project, a final EIS (FEIS) is required, including a detailed evaluation of the preferred alternative and public outreach. More...

  6. Secure all capital and operating funding
    After the project has cleared NEPA requirements and all detailed scope, alignment, operating, and design issues are complete, secure capital and operating funding for the project from the alternative transportation systems funding mechanism, NPS budget, local partners, user fees, and other appropriate sources. More...

  7. Finalize design, prepare bid documents, and award contracts
    After all funding is obtained, complete final design activities, divide project into contracts, receive bids and award construction, procurement, operations, and maintenance contracts as needed for the project. More...

  8. Construction, operations, and maintenance
    The project is built, and operations begin. Close out contracts and submit final reports to NPS administrators, as required. Monitor ongoing performance of system and report data as directed by NPS. More...