The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, more popularly known as "TEA-21,"was passed by Congress in 1998. Section 3039 of TEA-21 required the Secretary of Transportation-in coordination with the Secretary of the Interior-to "undertake a comprehensive study of alternative transportation needs in national parks and related Federal Lands."
The results of the Federal Lands Alternative Transportation Systems (ATS) study identified significant transit needs at sites managed by the National Park Service (NPS), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).
Below are the four documents resulting from that study, beginning with the Congressional Report (August 2001), and including the three volumes of the final report: Candidate Vehicle Technologies, Financing Opportunities, Summary of National ATS Needs, and Program Development.
- Congressional Report (August 2001)
- Candidate Vehicle Technologies - FINAL REPORT VOLUME I
This volume presents existing and emerging transit technologies appropriate for application on Federal lands. It identifies and describes a set of over 30 mass transit vehicle technologies in five vehicle categories: Bus, Rail/Guided, High Gradient, Water, and Snow - with potential applicability in Federal lands. The descriptions include data on physical, operating, and economic characteristics, an assessment of the principal advantages and disadvantages of each vehicle type with respect to several important criteria, and information on typical applications of each technology.
The purpose of this volume is to assist those involved in planning for transit systems in federally-managed lands to identify a short list of potentially-applicable transportation technologies to advance into more in-depth analysis and evaluation.
- Financing Opportunities - FINAL REPORT VOLUME II
This report documents many sources of funding that may be available for Alternative Transportation System (transit) projects serving Federal Land Management Agency (FLMA) sites. Both public and private funding sources are addressed in the report, including a wide variety of Federal transportation funding programs.
- Summary of National ATS Needs - FINAL REPORT VOLUME III
This study identifies ATS needs at sites managed by the National Park Service (NPS), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). The goal of the study is to identify opportunities for application of Alternative Transportation Systems (ATS), or transit, to relieve traffic congestion and parking shortages; enhance visitor mobility and accessibility; preserve sensitive natural, cultural, and historic resources; provide improved interpretation, education and visitor information services; reduce pollution; and improve economic development opportunities for surrounding communities. A key objective was to quantify the extent and costs of transit needs as a basis for a potential future Federal lands ATS funding program.
- Program Development - FINAL REPORT VOLUME IV
This study identifies a number of barriers to successful implementation of transit systems at Federal land management agency (FLMA) sites. Barriers include the lack of a dedicated funding source for developing, implementing, and operating and maintaining transit systems, difficulty in selecting appropriate equipment, lack of support for transit systems by certain gateway communities, inadequate marketing and public information, and technical challenges