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WRITER/EDITOR

Essential Competencies

ENTRY LEVEL

I. English Usage

Description: This competency includes the ability to apply rules of standard English grammar in mechanically editing documents.

A. Basic knowledge of standard English grammar, punctuation, and diction
B. Basic knowledge of writing style
C. Basic familiarity with specialized vocabularies such as natural resources, cultural resources, or planning
D. Basic writing skills
E. Spelling ability

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

Basic knowledge of standard English grammar and usage

Skill in applying rules of standard English usage and correcting grammatical errors

Ability to explain and defend grammatical changes

II. Editing Methods and Practices

Description: This competency includes close attention to every detail in a document, a thorough knowledge of what to look for and of the style to be followed, and the ability to make quick, logical, and defensible decisions about style. The ability to mechanically edit documents includes attention to matters of consistency in capitalization, spelling, and hyphenation; agreement of verbs and subjects, and other matters of syntax; punctuation; and many other similar details of style.

A. Mechanical editing skills
B. Verbal communication skills

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

Basic knowledge of editing methods and practices

Basic familiarity with established reference manuals and guidelines

Ability to ensure consistency of style within a document

Ability to mechanically edit rough-draft material

Ability to clarify meaning while maintaining the integrity of ideas

Ability to suggest changes in wording and, with guidance, to provide some substantive editing

Ability to explain and defend editorial decisions.

III. Text-Publishing Methods and Practices

Description: This competency includes the ability to prepare camera-ready text for printing and to coordinate the inclusion of graphic materials.

A. Basic knowledge of publication standards and procedures
B. Basic knowledge of text-publishing methods andpractices
C. Basic understanding of and ability to use word-processing software
D. Basic proofreading skills
E. Time management skills

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

Ability to apply knowledge of editing and text-publishing methods and practices in preparing documents for publication

Basic skills in using word-processor software to edit and format text for publication

Ability to meet deadlines and to manage work on several projects simultaneously

Ability to work with visual information specialists and technicians to ensure grammatical correctness, consistency, and completeness of final graphics and layout

DEVELOPMENTAL LEVEL

I. English Usage

Description: This competency includes thorough knowledge of standard English grammar and the ability to apply this knowledge in mechanically and substantively editing documents.

A. Thorough knowledge of standard English grammar, punctuation, and diction
B. Advanced knowledge of writing style
C. Working familiarity with specialized vocabularies such as natural resources, cultural resources, or planning
D. Good writing skills
E. Spelling ability

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

Thorough knowledge of standard English grammar and usage, including grammar, diction, style, and organization

Skill in applying rules of standard English usage and in correcting grammatical and writing errors

Ability to write concisely and effectively

Ability to explain and defend grammatical changes

II. Editing Methods and Practices

Description: This competency includes the ability to substantively edit documents, including organizing, rewriting, refining, and mechanically editing rough-draft material; clarifying meaning while maintaining the integrity of ideas; improving document readability and effectiveness; and ensuring the consistency of style and information, and document completeness.

A. Mechanical and substantive editing skills
B. Ability to advise about the organization of documents written by various authors
C. Good verbal communication skills

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

Thorough knowledge of established reference manuals and guidelines

Ability to ensure that the style and information within a document are consistent and that a document is complete in terms of in-house bookmaking guidelines

Ability to clarify meaning and improve document readability and effectiveness while maintaining the integrity of ideas

Ability to organize, rewrite, refine, and mechanically edit rough-draft material

Ability to establish document format; contribute ideas and suggestions concerning approach, scope, organization, and presentation; synthesize rough-draft material; and write original material

Advanced knowledge of park planning and the NPS decision-making process, and knowledge of all types of documents produced

Ability to explain and defend editorial and substantive organizational decisions

III. Text-Publishing Methods and Practices

Description: This competency includes the ability to establish document format in consultation with the project team and to perform all editorial duties necessary to prepare documents for publication.

A. Advanced knowledge of publication standards and procedures
B. Advanced knowledge of text-publishing methods and practices
C. Thorough understanding of and ability to use word-processing software
D. Good proofreading skills
E. Good time management skills

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

Ability to efficiently use word-processor software to edit and format camera-ready text

Ability to apply knowledge of publication standards and procedures to prepare documents for publication and to advise on document format and layout

Knowledge of various types of documents and ability to determine which types of documents best meet the needs in particular circumstances

Ability to ensure completeness of a document with respect to standard bookmaking guidelines

Ability to work closely with visual information specialists and technicians to ensure grammatical correctness, consistency, and completeness of final graphics and layout and to see that graphics complement what is said in the text

Ability to meet deadlines and to manage work on several projects simultaneously

FULL PERFORMANCE LEVEL

I. English Usage

Description: This competency includes thorough knowledge of standard English usage in writing and in mechanically and substantively editing documents.

A. Thorough knowledge of standard English grammar, punctuation, and diction
B. Advanced knowledge of writing style
C. Thorough familiarity with specialized vocabularies such as natural resources, cultural resources, or planning
D. Excellent writing skills
E. Spelling ability

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

Thorough knowledge of English usage, including grammar, diction, style, punctuation, organization, and idea development and presentation

Skill in applying rules of standard English usage and in correcting grammatical and writing errors

Ability to write concisely and effectively

Ability to explain and defend grammatical changes

II. Editing Methods and Practices

Description: This competency includes the ability to mechanically and substantively edit documents; to compile information and to write original material based on that information; to help identify and interpret project issues, goals, and requirements, as well as any policies, guidelines, and political contingencies that affect planning or document preparation; to contribute ideas and suggestions concerning approach, scope, organization, and presentation of documents; and to train lower graded editors in writing and editing skills.

A. Advanced substantive, as well as mechanical, editing skills
B. Ability to gather information and to write original material based on that information
C. Ability to develop and organize complex documents written by various authors
D. Ability to train people in the writing and editing skills
E. Excellent communication skills

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

Thorough knowledge of established reference manuals and guidelines; ability to aid in maintaining up-to-date writing-editing standards and guidelines

Ability to ensure consistency of style and information within a document

Ability to orient and train lower graded editors and to explain NPS goals and purposes, planning process methodology and documentation, and writing-editing standards and procedures

Skill in interpreting and communicating agency policies, guidelines, and standards as they relate to park planning and NPS operations

Skill in applying knowledge of park planning principles, concepts, and methodologies, and of NPS planning and decision-making processes, to facilitate project accomplishment

Skill in writing original material and in synthesizing, organizing, rewriting, refining, formatting, and editing rough-draft material while maintaining the integrity of the ideas

Skill in eliciting ideas from requesters, determining their appropriate weight and position in the document, and relating them in written form clearly, concisely, effectively, and without misinterpretation

Ability to explain and defend editorial and organizational decisions

III. Text-Publishing Methods and Practices

General Description: This competency includes the ability to establish document format and to perform all editorial duties necessary to prepare various documents for publication.

A. Advanced knowledge of text-publishing methods and practices
B. Advanced knowledge of publication standards and procedures
C. Thorough understanding of and ability to use word-processing software
D. Excellent proofreading skills
E. Excellent time management skills

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

Ability to apply knowledge of publication standards and procedures to prepare documents for publication

Knowledge of various types of documents and ability to determine which types of documents best meet the needs in particular circumstances

Advanced ability to use word-processor software to write, edit, and format camera-ready text to effectively convey the intended message.

Ability to ensure completeness of a document with respect to standard bookmaking guidelines.

Ability to work closely with visual information specialists and technicians to ensure grammatical correctness, consistency, and completeness of final graphics and layout and to see that graphics complement what is said in the text

National Park Service
Training and Development Division
Essential Competencies
r-wrtedt.htm

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