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TRACTOR OPERATOR

Essential Competencies

ENTRY LEVEL

Description: This competency identifies the Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required to perform basic tasks in the operation of farm-type tractors and towed or attached equipment to maintain grounds, road medians, shoulders, developed areas and perform farming type functions. Work is performed under close supervision on level to rolling terrain and after intense orientation to equipment and safety standards.

I.Orientation and Inspection of Tractor/Attachments

A. Interpret and follow operating manuals, maintenance manuals, service charts.
B. Physical inspection of tractor and interpretation of manufacturers instruction for proper use of all controls for safe operation of tractor and all attachments.
C. Start up procedures, perform safety inspections and start formal safety program.

II. Development of Basic Control Skills

A. Learn handling characteristics and develop awareness for equipment and attachments.
B. Develop hand, foot and eye coordination
C. Operate several sets of controls for tractor and attachments.
D. Ability to connect/disconnect all attachments with mechanical drive shafts and hydraulic lines.
E. Develop ability to operate tractor in confined areas.

III. Recognition of Soils and Materials

A. Develop basic knowledge of soil types and mineral content
B. Learn Characteristics of soil types under various terrain and weather conditions.
C. Develop knowledge of fertilizers, plant foods, seeds, chemicals and their use in park settings.

IV. Specialized Skills for Park Areas

Develop knowledge and skills required to operate tractors and perform job elements at full performance level in the distinct weather and terrain for area.

A. Snow Removal: Knowledge of developed areas, attachments and technique to remove snow efficiently.
B. Finish Work: Develops work ethic to start and finish projects that meet National Park Service standards.
C. Application of Fertilizers, plant foods, seed, herbicides, etc. per National Park Service and Resource Management guidelines.
D. Safety: Understands safety concepts and is able to protect people, equipment and resources.
E. Compliance: Understands rules and regulations of NEPA and Archeological protection. Checks with supervisor prior to soil disturbance.
F. Resource protection: Understands mission of National Park Service and incorporates principals of visual quality and resource protection in performance of duties.

Knowledge, Skills and Abilities

Ability to follow oral and written instructions from supervisor

Ability to interpret and follow operating manuals, maintenance manuals.

Ability to interpret and comply to safety codes and standards

Ability to perform tasks on rolling hills, flat terrain, along roadways within confined and congested areas.

DEVELOPMENTAL LEVEL

Description: This competency identifies the Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required to perform advanced tasks in the operation of farm-type tractors and towed or attached equipment. Work is performed under normal supervision on rolling uneven terrain with emphasis on attachment use and safety.

I.Orientation and Inspection of Tractor/Attachments.

All competencies at the Entry Level Plus:

A.Perform routine preventive maintenance per service charts and shop standards.
B. Recognize and trouble shoot mechanical problems with tractor and all attachments.
C. Familiar with the basic principals of gas and diesel engines, hydraulic systems and components of all attachments.
D. Safety program emphasizes safety with attachments and effects weather and aspect of terrain have on operation of tractor.

II. Development of Basic Control Skills

A. Develop high level of concentration and depth perception with continued development of hand and eye coordination.
B. Ability to operate tractor with attachments in confined and congested areas.
C.Ability to operate tractor and manipulate attachment controls simultaneously while compensating for terrain and obstacles.
D. Develops ability to use attachments to rough grade soil and landscaping materials.

III. Recognition of Soils and Materials

A. Develops broader knowledge of local soil types through actual use.
B. Acquires knowledge of landscape materials and various construction type materials.
C. Broadens knowledge of fertilizers, plant foods, seeds, herbicides etc. through supervised use.

IV. Specialized Skills for Park Areas

A.Actual operation of tractors and attachments in local weather elements and terrain.

Knowledge, Skills and Abilities

All Knowledge, Skills and Abilities at the Entry Level Plus:

Ability to operate tractors and attachments over soft and or loose surfaces.

Ability to follow established methods or special instruction as they pertain to assigned duties. Read landscape plans.

Ability to operate tractor and attachments according to standard procedures and specialized instructions.

Knowledge of industry standards and safety codes as the apply to assigned duties.

FULL PERFORMANCE LEVEL

Description: This competency identifies the Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required to operate tractors with all attachments at the Full Performance Level. Work is performed with out direct supervision with oral and written instructions. Work is performed in inclement weather and over various terrain. Individual will be able to schedule work, lead crews to perform tasks and determine amounts of supplies and materials.

All Competencies at the Entry and Developmental Level Plus:

I.Operation of Tractor and Attachments

A. Ability to instruct others in routine and preventive maintenance of tractors and attachments.
B. Ability to make adjustments to attachments and change attachments to perform various tasks.
C. Ability to operate tractor and all attachments according to industry standards.
D. Ability to instruct others in the safe operation of tractors and attachments and has full knowledge of tractor and attachment operation as it pertains performing full scope of responsibilities.
E. Has thorough knowledge of diesel and gas engines, hydraulic systems and components of attachments. Able to analyze complex problems and communicate info to supervisor.

II. Basic Control Skills

A. Maintains professional attitude in the operation of tractors and attachments and develops a high level of concentration to manipulate levers and guide tractor.
B. Ability to use attachments to fine grade and contour landscape areas.
C. Ability to operate tractor and attachments according to safety rules/ regulations to avoid injury to self, equipment and others.
D. Operates tractor and attachments in confined spaces close to buildings, infrastructure and facilities.

III. Recognition of Soils and Materials

A. Identifies all soil conditions and ability to adjust to all terrain and surface conditions.
B. Demonstrates complete knowledge of landscape and construction type materials.
C. Ability to use and recommends use of fertilizers, soil enrichments, seeds, herbicides and all application rates, ratios etc. as they pertain to their use.
D. Ability if required to obtain and maintain any license or certificates to apply or use any controlled materials.

IV. Specialized Skills for Park Areas

A.Ability to perform tractor operation at the full performance level in specific park area.

Knowledge, Skills and Abilities

All Knowledge, Skills and Abilities at the Entry and Developmental Level plus:

Ability to interpret instructions, and use landscape plans to perform duties of position.

Ability to operate tractors and all attachments over rough, uneven steep surfaces.

Ability to lead and instruct subordinates in the performance of related tasks and complete assigned projects.

Ability to interpret and apply all safety codes and industry standards as they apply to tractor operation.

Ability to assist in the training and development of employees who possess the desire and aptitude to operate tractors and attachments.

National Park Service
Training and Development Division
Essential Competencies
tractopr.htm

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