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MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR

Essential Competencies

ENTRY LEVEL

Description: This competency identifies the Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required to perform the basic tasks to operate gasoline, diesel, or alternative fuel powered wheeled vehicles to haul cargo, fuel, supplies, construction materials, transport passengers, or to tow and recover vehicles. Work is performed under supervision and after completing driver education program and intense orientation to vehicles operated.

Note: The Entry Level competency may be used to determine basic Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required to operate passenger cars and light trucks or Non-Commercial Vehicles.

I.Orientation and Inspection of Vehicles

A.Interpret and follow operating manuals, maintenance manuals and service charts.
B.Physical inspection of vehicles and interpret manufacturers instructions for proper use of all controls for safe operation of vehicles.
C. Complete formal Defensive Driving Course.
D.Perform safety inspections, preventive maintenance inspection and start up procedures.
E.Introduction to State Commercial Drivers License (CDL) program and qualifications.

II.Develop Ability to Operate Motor Vehicles

A.Acquire basic skills for manipulating controls for starting, stopping, backing and driving vehicle.
B.Learn handling characteristics and develop awareness for vehicle.
C.Develop knowledge of the height, width, length, and weight of vehicle to operate vehicles safely throughout park settings in rural or urban areas on public roads in a full range of traffic conditions.

II. Develop Ability to Operate Motor Vehicles (Continue)

D.Generate skills in recognizing road, weather and traffic hazards as they develop. Acquire judgement to react.

III.Other Skills Pertinent to Motor Vehicle Operation

A.Operate vehicles in inclement and severe weather conditions.
B.Operate vehicles in mountainous areas or on rough steep terrain.
C. Operate vehicles on loose surfaces; sand, gravel or dirt.
D. Load, secure and transport light cargo, supplies etc.
E. Procedures to take when involved in accident or mishap.
F. Review NPS-50; Chapter 15, Motor Vehicle Operation.

Knowledge Skills and Abilities

Ability to follow oral and written instructions from supervisor.

Ability to interpret and follow operating manuals and maintenance manuals. Develop knowledge to comprehend road maps, permits, vouchers etc.

Ability to interpret and comply to safety codes, state and federal traffic rules, regulations, safe operating practices.

Ability to perform safety inspections, recognize and report mechanical problems, perform preventive maintenance check (oil, and all fluid levels, tire pressure) etc.

DEVELOPMENTAL LEVEL

Description: This competency identifies the Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required to perform advanced tasks to operate gasoline, diesel, or alternative fuel powered wheeled vehicles to haul cargo, fuel, supplies, construction materials, transport passengers, or to tow and recover vehicles. Work is performed under normal supervision, on all road conditions and in various terrain. In this level the Motor Vehicle Operator should possess all entry level competencies and will be required to meet all state and federal regulations to obtain a Commercial Drivers License (CDL) with the appropriate endorsements to meet the essential competencies required in the performance of their assigned duties.

Note: The Developmental competency may be used to determine the Knowledge, Skills and Abilities to operate all vehicles between the gross vehicle weights of 10,000 and 32,000 lbs.(Class B & C)

I.Orientation and Inspection of vehicles

A.Perform pre-trip, trip and after trip inspections as defined in the CDL regulations.
B.Perform routine preventive maintenance (Engine and Hydraulic oil & filter changes, belt & hose replacements, tire/wheel removal, mounting and replacement etc)
C.Familiar with basic principals of gas/diesel engines, hydraulic systems, pump systems etc. and knowledge of all components on attachments.
D.Recognize and trouble shoot mechanical problems with vehicle and all attachments. Ability to communicate observations to designated staff.

II.Ability to Operate Motor Vehicles and Attachments

A.Passes skills to manipulate controls for starting, stopping, backing, and driving vehicle in all types of traffic, road and weather conditions either in park settings, urban areas or congested cities.
B.Have knowledge of the height, width, length and weight of vehicles, attachments and any towed equipment to judge overhead and side clearances, turning radius, braking distance.
C.Knowledge and skill to adjust driving method to traffic, road, weather, load and various terrain conditions.
D.Ability to maneuver vehicles over uneven terrain, over improved and unimproved roads, through congested areas/confined spaces exercising caution and extreme caution when backing to load, unload at docks, ramps and construction sites.
E.Ability to use multi-speed main and auxiliary transmissions, multi-speed rear axles and automatic transmissions, retarders and engine braking devices to operate vehicles in the performance of duties.
F.Ability to use power takeoff devices to transfer engine power to special purpose accessory equipment. Passes skill in manipulating a variety of controls to utilize accessory equipment. (plows, sanders, spreaders, winches, pumps, dump boxes, lift gates etc)
G.Ability to operate vehicles equipped with air brakes and passes knowledge of the components of air brake system.
H.Ability to determine manner and sequence of loading and unloading cargo, construction materials etc. to achieve proper load balance and meet weight restrictions. Ability to use ropes, chains, binders, tarp etc. to secure and protect load.
I.Ability to use mirrors in maneuvering, judging distance and backing vehicles and towed equipment. Knowledge of hand signals used when assisted from ground person.

III. Specialized Skills

Endorsements (Commercial Drivers License Program):

All Motor Vehicle Operators who are required through their position descriptions will passes the ability to maintain the following competencies.

A.Air Brakes: Drivers of Class B & C vehicle groups will successfully pass a written air brake component knowledge test and skill test in a vehicle equipped with either a full or partial air brake system.
B.Hazardous Material: Drivers of class B & C vehicles will successfully pass a written knowledge test to transport hazardous material that requires placarding as defined by Federal regulation 49 CFR. part 172, sub-part F.
C.Cargo Tankers: Drivers of Class B & C vehicle groups will successfully pass a written knowledge test when transporting liquid or gaseous material as its primary cargo in a tank permanently or temporarily attached to a vehicle over 26,001 lbs. GVWR. or any time hazardous material in liquid form is transported, regardless of weight or capacity.
D.Passenger Vehicles: Drivers of Class B & C vehicle groups who operate a bus or van transporting 16 or more passengers, including driver must pass a written knowledge test and road test.
E.Emergency & Rescue Vehicles: All operators of these type vehicles will need to passes the ability to obtain a CDL with appropriate Endorsements as determined by State or Federal guidelines.
F.Dump Trucks: Operators of dump trucks will be able to manipulate hydraulic controls to raise and lower the bed of truck. Ability to adjust the tailgate to spread or stockpile construction material uniformly or as directed. Use side mirrors and respond to hand signals from spotters and follow the proper safety procedures for dumping load to prevent injury to self or damage to equipment. Drivers may be required to passes the knowledge, skills and abilities to operate as required in certain areas snow removal devices such as reversible, one-way or Vee-plows to remove snow from roadways. In conjunction with snow plows, driver may be required to operate spreaders to apply sand to enhance traction on poor road conditions. The use of special attachments require excellent hand and eye coordination with a high degree of concentration to protect self and others.
G.Refuse Trucks: Operators of refuse trucks will be able to manipulate hydraulic controls to operate forks to lift and dump trash receptacles, operate compactor and unload refuse. They may be required to supervise a laborer who assists with the collection, handling, and dumping of refuse.
H.Crane/Boom Trucks: Operators of boom and crane trucks will be able to manipulate hydraulic controls to extend, raise, lower and hoist personnel or supplies with a hydraulic ram or boom. Operator will passes full knowledge of rigging loads, cable/braided rope capabilities, use of pulleys and block and limits imposed on the crane/boom from weight of load, height of work and length of boom used. When hoisting personnel or materials driver will follow all safety codes and industry standards.
I.Trailers: Operators of vehicles that tow trailers attached to tow vehicle with a ball, coupler/pintle or goose-neck hitch will be required to attach trailer and tow vehicle per state regulation, operate and understand dual break systems, be able to maneuver vehicle and trailer through confined spaces and congested areas, use mirrors to assist with maneuvering and backing vehicle in confined spaces and have the ability to load and unload trailers with regard to legal weight limits and physical characteristics of load and safely secure load using ropes, chains, binders and tarp.
J.Tank Trucks: Operators of vehicles that transport liquid materials will be required to have full knowledge of pumping system to load and unload cargo. Have full knowledge of the material and its characteristics to handle and transport safely.
K.Construction Materials: Drivers of vehicles that haul construction type materials (asphalt, gravel, base course, dirt etc) for delivery to job site will have full knowledge of material and its characteristics. Driver will be capable of spreading or applying material using the recommended or directed technique. In some situations the driver will be required to safely operate a backhoe or front end loader to load vehicle from stockpile. Care must be taken to insure proper distribution of material to prevent damage to vehicle and meet legal weight limits.
L.Attachments: Drivers of vehicles that use special attachments to perform routine tasks will be capable of properly hooking to and unhooking from the attachments. Driver will have complete knowledge of how attachments operate and proper technique to safely use attachments. Driver will be able to make all adjustments to and perform preventive maintenance on all attachments. Typical Attachments; snow plow (one-way, vee & reversible) sand spreader, chip spreader, pto/electric winch, pumps etc.

Knowledge, Skills and Abilities

All Knowledge, Skills and Abilities at the Entry Level plus:

Ability to follow instructions in hazardous, dangerous and unusual situations.

Ability to interpret all vouchers, bill of laden, invoices to insure proper handling, receiving and distribution of supplies and materials transported.

Ability to respond to frequent and or abrupt changes in instructions.

Ability to meet time schedules and deadlines and complete tasks without jeopardizing safety or integrity of work.

Ability to interpret and follow all state and federal regulations and safety guidelines as they pertain to operating vehicles that are covered by the Commercial Drivers License program.

Demonstrates complete knowledge of materials transported and their characteristics in order to deliver material safely to job location.

Ability to operate vehicles with or with out attachments over a variety of roads including interstate highways, narrow country roads and on steep winding grades.

Ability to operate vehicles on all road conditions; ice & snow covered, rough & unimproved, rough/steep terrain & slopes, loose surfaces, sand, gravel & dirt, extreme mud & slick/wet surfaces.

Ability to operate vehicles at night and at times in reduced visibility from heavy or blowing snow.

Ability to load and unload materials; determining combinations, sequence and weight restrictions.

Ability to lead personnel to perform assigned tasks and instruct personnel in the safe operation of vehicles.

FULL PERFORMANCE LEVEL

Description: This competency identifies the Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required to operate gasoline, diesel or alternative fueled vehicles at the full performance level. Work is performed with out direct supervision with oral or written instructions. Driver will be required to operate vehicles and all attachments under any and all road or weather conditions until roads are determined unsafe or impassible. In this level Motor Vehicle Operators will obtain a CDL and meet all state and federal regulation as they pertain to the CDL program.

Note: The Full performance Level competencies will be used to determine the Knowledge, Skills and Abilities to operate all vehicles above the GVWR of 32,000 lbs. (Class A)

All Competencies at the Entry and Developmental Level plus:

I. Inspection of Tractor-Trailer, Truck and or Combinations.

A.Perform pre-trip, trip and after trip CDL inspection as they apply to a combination vehicle.
B.Inspect vehicle and load within the first 25 miles of trip and every 150 miles or 3 hours.
C.Inspect the loading and securing of cargo, machinery, supplies and material to safely transport and insure proper distribution of weight and unloading sequence.
D.Maintain driver log and proper receipts, invoices vouchers as they pertain to CDL requirements and state regulation.
E.Passes thorough knowledge of theory with regard to gas and diesel engines. Able to analyze complex mechanical problems and communicate observations to designated staff.

II. Operate Tractor-Trailer, Trucks and or Combinations

A.Ability to operate straight trucks and or tractors with tandem axles, dual wheels pulling trailers with a total vehicle length up to 60 feet and with dual breaking systems.
B.Knowledge and skill to operate Class A vehicles over uneven terrain, on improved and unimproved roads, through congested and confined areas, mountainous areas, on interstate systems and narrow roads in all weather and road surface conditions.
C.Ability to couple, uncouple truck tractor, semi-trailer or truck and trailer, and connect and disconnect air and electrical lines.
D.Direct the loading and arranging of cargo to spread the load for proper weight distribution and insure proper unloading sequence.
E.Ability to load, unload, secure and transport safely engineering and construction equipment.
F.Secure cargo to prevent shifting or falling while in transit, and to minimize the possibility of vehicle sway.

III. Specialized Skills

A.Passes all endorsements as they pertain to Class A vehicles and performance of duties.
B.Ability to instruct others in the safe operation of motor vehicles and lead subordinates in the performance of related tasks.
C.Ability to select the safest, most direct and legally allowed route to be followed, and identify alternative routes which may be used if an emergency arises.
D.Ability to obtain from authorities all trip permits, oversize load/vehicle permits or special permits as required prior to Intra/Interstate travel.

Knowledge, Skills and Abilities

All Knowledge, Skills and Abilities at the Entry and Developmental Levels plus:

Skill in operating and handling gasoline and diesel vehicles equipped with air brakes between truck/truck-tractor and trailer or semi-trailer.

Skill in operating dual brake systems to prevent vehicles or trailer from jackknifing.

Skill in coupling and uncoupling trailers, tractor-semitrailers and connecting or disconnecting in proper sequence air and electrical lines.

Ability to use mirrors in maneuvering Class A vehicles and judging distance in congested and confined areas with ability to back trailers up docks, ramps, etc., in narrow spaces.

Ability to interpret and apply all safety codes and industry standards in the operation motor vehicles and all attachments.

Ability to lead and instruct subordinates in the performance of elated tasks and completion of assigned projects.

Ability to assist in the training and development of employees who passes the desire and aptitude to become a motor vehicle operator.

National Park Service
Training and Development Division
Essential Competencies
mtrvehop.htm

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