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Interpretation

Competencies

INT102 Informal Visitor Contacts
Requires the interpreter to assess visitor needs in informal encounters, provide basic or in-depth information and/or interpretation to meet those needs, facilitate opportunities for connection to resource meanings whenever possible, but extend the visitor contact only as far as is appropriate based on visitors clues and responses.

INT103 Prepare and present an interpretive talk
Requires the interpreter to plan, prepare and effectively present a professional interpretive talk that facilitates opportunities for the audience to make their own intellectual and emotional connections to the meanings/significance of the resource, through the cohesive development of a relevant idea or ideas.

INT110 Visitor Needs and Characteristics
Requires the interpreter to obtain foundational information about the needs and characteristics of park audiences and to understand the concept that visitor motivation is self-generated and whatever their perspective or interest, they are potential stewards if they become concerned and interested in the site's resources.

INT191 Design
Knowledge of developing, producing, understanding, and using plans, blueprints, models, and maps, including the use of tools and instruments to product precision technical drawings. Design theory and application skills

INT192 Visual Identification
Accurately identifies people, animals, or objects based on knowledge of their characteristics. Basic imagery processes and methods

INT193 Visual design research and analysis
This competency allows for planning and researching the development and production of visual designs. The designs may be basic visual media concepts using prototype examples as reference or original, complex visual designs that convey information and ideas.

INT194 Publishing/Copyright
Knowledge of current publishing and copyright laws and regulations

INT195 Visual Creation
This category includes knowledge of design elements: size, line, form, symmetry; typographic theory, application and practice; marks, symbols, logos, pictographs; illustration & freehand drawing; photography & photographic processes; identity systems; grids; conventional pre-press and electronic pre-press techniques.

INT196 Media industry regulations/laws/ethics
Knowledge of current regulations, laws and ethics in the media industry.

INT197 Contracting/Procurement
Knowledge of various types of contracts, techniques or requirements (for example, Federal Acquisitions Regulations) for contracting or procurement, and contract negotiation and administration.

INT201 Identifying and Removing Bias
Requires interpreters to understand, identify, and remove bias that may be either subtle or overt from NPS interpretive programs to enable visitors to our sites to have a positive interaction with the resource, which , in turn allows greater access to meanings and relevance of our park stories to current and potential audiences.

INT210 Prepare and present a conducted activity
Requires the interpreter to plan, prepare and effectively present a conducted activity that: provides a carefully sequenced set of opportunities for the audience to make their own intellectual and emotional connections to the meanings/significance of the resource; and provides a series of experiences in/with the resource that supports the cohesive development of a relevant idea or ideas.

INT220 Demonstrations and Other Illustrated Programs
Requires the interpreter to plan, prepare and effectively present a specialized program using illustrations/objects/media and/or demonstration to provide opportunities for the audience to make their own intellectual and emotional connections to the meanings/significance of the resource; and integrates the media, activity or demonstration with the interpretive narration in a way that cohesively develops a relevant idea or ideas.

INT230 Interpretive Writing
Requires the interpreter to convey resource meanings effectively with interpretive techniques and organizational structure applied to written products. Effective written interpretive products facilitate opportunities for the audience to make their own intellectual and emotional connections to the meanings/significance of the resource through the cohesive development of a relevant idea or ideas, rather than relying primarily on chronological narrative or a series of related facts.

INT270 Presenting Curriculum-based Education Programs
Requires the interpreter to effectively present a curriculum-based program to an organized group that has a structured plan for learning. By connecting the group's learning objectives to the meanings/significance of park resources, the program helps the group meet its learning objectives and helps the park meet its primary mission of resource preservation. The program facilitates opportunities for the audience to make their own intellectual and emotional connections to the meanings/significance of the resource, through eh cohesive development of a relevant idea or ideas.

INT310 Planning Park Interpretation
Contributing to the planning process for an interpretive project is a fundamental skill of a full-performance interpretive ranger. This competency grounds the interpreter in the overall planning process and establishes a solid interpretive foundation so that the ranger may contribute at the larger park-wide plans, plus develop smaller scale interpretive projects with independence, while connecting those projects with park wide interpretive goals.

INT311 Interpretive Media Development
Interpretive Media is developed at a variety of levels of sophistication, but in all instances it must be "interpretive" when appropriate, or serve other divisional and park goals when called for. This competency establishes a baseline for interpretive media development, and helps the interpreter understand the fundamentals of interpretive design so that he/she may develop projects in-house.

INT320 Partners in Interpretation
Requires the interpreter to recognize partnerships enable us lo better achieve unit and agency visions and to support he defining missions.

INT330 Leading Interpreters: Training and Coaching
Understanding the standards and practices of effective interpretation carries with it an obligation to be able to convey these concepts to the many other temporary staff, volunteers, interns and partners that conduct interpretive services within a park. The fuiiOperformance ranger must be able to effectively lead colleagues in their development of programs, services, and other interpretive efforts. This competency is two-fold, grounding the ranger in both training and coaching fundamentals so that they may successfully accomplish these goals.

INT340 Interpretive Research and Resource Liaison
Full performance interpreters present a broad repertoire of presentations on short notice, and tailor the particular topics, resource meanings, and methods of presentation to specific audiences. This requires advanced subject matter research skills and knowledge of the resource, advanced audience research skills and knowledge of the audience, and the ability to match multiple resource meanings to multiple audience perspectives. An important source for advanced resource knowledge comes from partnerships with experts such as resource managers.

INT440 Effective Interpretation of Archaeological Res
Requires the interpreter to have knowledge of basic archeological methods, techniques, and up-to-date interpretations of archeological data, as well as the basic relationships of archeological resource study and preservation to preservation laws.