"Among the first lessons the preservationist learns
is that the legal power to protect historic places lies chiefly with local
government. This is a lesson often learned the hard way, for many people
assume that the federal government, being the 'highest' level of government,
is the strongest guardian of historic sites. This, unfortunately, is not
Here's what one State says about how National Register listing and local designations can work together effectively in communities:
Preservation Hotline #2:
Communities across South Carolina are using National Register listing and local designation to help preserve their historic properties. Both designations recognize and encourage the protection of historic properties, but they are quite different. They are complementary programs that can work effectively either independently or together to meet the historic preservation needs of a community.
National Register Listing
The National Register is the nation's official list of historic, architectural, and archaeological resources worthy of preservation. South Carolina has about 1,200 listings in the National Register, both individual properties and historic districts.
Authority and Administration: In 1966, the National Historic Preservation Act created the National Register and established federal listing criteria. Each state and territory has a State Historic Preservation Officer who identifies eligible properties and, in conjunction with a State Board of Review, submits nominations to the Keeper of the National Register at the United States Department of the Interior.
Protection: Properties listed in the National Register are eligible for preservation tax credits and preservation grants, and they receive some protection from the potential adverse effects of federal projects (funded, licensed, or approved) or projects requiring certain State certifications or permits. National Register properties that are owned or leased by the State also receive some protection.