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The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation

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First developed in 1976 to guide work on National Register properties receiving federal grants, The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation are ten common sense principles for anyone to follow when planning rehabilitation work on a historic building. By emphasizing repair over replacement and accommodating reasonable change for new uses, the Standards seek to ensure the preservation of those qualities for which each property was listed in the National Register. The Standards for Rehabilitation apply to historic buildings of all periods, styles, materials, and sizes. They apply to both the exterior and interior of historic buildings. The Standards also apply to a building's site and environment, as well as new additions and adjacent or related new construction on the site.

1. A property shall be used for its historic purpose or be placed in a new
use that requires minimal change to the defining characteristics of the building and its site and environment.

2. The historic character of a property shall be retained and preserved. The removal of historic materials or alteration of features and spaces that characterize a property shall be avoided.

3. Each property shall be recognized as a physical record of its time, place, and use. Changes that create a false sense of historical development, such as adding conjectural features or architectural elements from other buildings, shall not be undertaken.

4. Most properties change over time; those changes that have acquired historic significance in their own right shall be retained and preserved

5. Distinctive features, finishes, and construction techniques or examples of craftsmanship that characterize a historic property shall be preserved.

6. Deteriorated historic features shall be repaired rather than replaced. Where the severity of deterioration requires replacement of a distinctive feature, the new feature shall match the old in design, color, texture, and other visual qualities and, where possible, materials, Replacement of missing features shall be substantiated by documentary, physical, or pictorial evidence.

7. Chemical or physical treatments, such as sandblasting, that cause damage to historic materials shall not be used. The surface cleaning of structures, if appropriate, shall be undertaken using the gentlest means possible.

8. Significant archeological resources affected by a project shall be protected and preserved. If such resources must be disturbed, mitigation measures shall be undertaken.

9. New additions, exterior alterations, or related new construction shall not destroy historic materials that characterize the property. The new work shall be differentiated from the old and shall be compatible with the massing, size, scale, and architectural features to protect the historic integrity of the property and its environment.

10. New additions and adjacent or related new construction shall be undertaken in such a manner that if removed in the future, the essential form and integrity of the historic property and its environment would be unimpaired.


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