• Lower Cliff Dwelling


    National Monument Arizona

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  • Visitor Center is closed

    The Visitor Center and bookstore will be closed for several weeks for construction. A temporary Visitor Center will be set up in the parking lot. The trail to the Lower Cliff Dwelling will be open during this period. No entrance fees will be collected. More »

Woodhouse's Toad

woodhouse's toad

Woodhouse's Toad

NPS Photo

Woodhouse's Toad
Bufo woodhousii

Body length: 1 3/4 - 5"
Diet: Insects

This large toad is generally found near permanent water or floodplains, or feeding in gardens after dark. It is named in honor of SW Woodhouse, who served as a surgeon-naturalist on a boundary survey prior to the Civil War. Reportedly pierced by an arrow and bitten by a rattlesnake in the field, Woodhouse survived to collect the type specimen, or the first of this species known to science.

Woodhouse's toad is a widespread species that occurs as far away as Washington state and New Hampshire. Its call is a wheezy sound that has been compared to a snore or bawling calf.

Did You Know?

crested saguaro

Tonto National Monument is home to a crested saguaro. Botanists disagree as to why some saguaros grow in this unusual form. Some speculate that it is a genetic mutation. Others say it is the result of lightning or freeze damage. About one in 150,000 saguaros develop this unusual growth.