• Lower Cliff Dwelling


    National Monument Arizona

Woodhouse's Toad

woodhouse's toad

Woodhouse's Toad

NPS Photo

Woodhouse's Toad
Bufo woodhousii

Body length: 1 3/4 - 5"
Diet: Insects

This large toad is generally found near permanent water or floodplains, or feeding in gardens after dark. It is named in honor of SW Woodhouse, who served as a surgeon-naturalist on a boundary survey prior to the Civil War. Reportedly pierced by an arrow and bitten by a rattlesnake in the field, Woodhouse survived to collect the type specimen, or the first of this species known to science.

Woodhouse's toad is a widespread species that occurs as far away as Washington state and New Hampshire. Its call is a wheezy sound that has been compared to a snore or bawling calf.

Did You Know?

crested saguaro

Tonto National Monument is home to a crested saguaro. Botanists disagree as to why some saguaros grow in this unusual form. Some speculate that it is a genetic mutation. Others say it is the result of lightning or freeze damage. About one in 150,000 saguaros develop this unusual growth.