• Lower Cliff Dwelling


    National Monument Arizona

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  • Visitor Center is closed

    The Visitor Center and bookstore will be closed for several weeks for construction. A temporary Visitor Center will be set up in the parking lot. The trail to the Lower Cliff Dwelling will be open during this period. No entrance fees will be collected.

Western Patchnose Snake

western patchnose snake

Western Patchnose Snake

NPS Photo

Western Patchnose Snake
Salvadora hexalepis

Body length: 20 - 46"
Diet: Eggs, lizards, small mammals, insects

Patchnose snakes regularly feed on the eggs of lizards and other snakes. Some scientists believe that the distinctive "patch nose" or enlarged nose scale, is an adaptation for excavating eggs. Patchnose snakes are day-active and are regularly seen on the trails at Tonto National Monument. Look for a fast, tan-colored snake with long stripes.

As ectotherms (a more accurate term for "cold-blooded" animals, or animals which derive their temperature from the surrounding environment) reptiles control body temperature by carefully selecting a location, and by being active only when the outside temperature is ideal. One reason most snake species are rarely seen is that ideal temperature "windows" may be very brief. Patchnose snakes are very tolerant of both high and low temperatures, however, and have one of the longest activity periods of any snake in the Southwest deserts. They may be seen in early spring, on the hottest summer days, and late in the fall.

Did You Know?

striped skunk

Four different varieties of skunk have been seen at Tonto National Monument - the hooded, hog-nosed, striped, and spotted. They may look different, but they all smell the same! More...