• Lower Cliff Dwelling


    National Monument Arizona

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  • Visitor Center is closed

    The Visitor Center and bookstore will be closed for several weeks for construction. A temporary Visitor Center will be set up in the parking lot. The trail to the Lower Cliff Dwelling will be open during this period. No entrance fees will be collected. More »

Red-spotted Toad

red-spotted toad

Red-spotted Toad

NPS Photo

Red-spotted Toad
Bufo punctatus

Body length: 1 1/2 - 2 1/2"
Diet: Insects

Red-spotted toads are named for the small red spots which cover the backs of adults. This small species of toad is most often seen hopping on roads in the Monument during spring and summer nights; like other desert toads, they are mainly nocturnal, but are occasionally seen during the day.

The call of the red-spotted toad is a high-pitched, prolonged musical trill, given by males to attract females to temporary ponds and stream pools where they breed. What follows is the typical frog and toad life cycle: Amplexus occurs when the male grasps the female at mid-body and externally fertilizes the eggs as she deposits them one-by-one onto the bottom of the pool. Tadpoles soon hatch from the eggs, and within a few weeks, these metamorphose, or change in form, into tiny toads. After the small toads leave the pool, they live the rest of their lives on land, returning to water only to breed.

Did You Know?

striped skunk

Four different varieties of skunk have been seen at Tonto National Monument - the hooded, hog-nosed, striped, and spotted. They may look different, but they all smell the same! More...