• Sunrise over the Fort George River in the Timucuan Preserve.


    Ecological & Historic Preserve Florida

Timucua Daily Life

Historic drawing of a Timucua village
The Timucuans looked to the water for sustenance, settling along rivers or near the coast. (Their prehistoric ancestors are called “People of the Shell Mounds.”) Besides collecting shellfish and fishing, they hunted and gathered in the forests and swamps and planted maize, squash, and beans. In their often pallisaded villages, they lived in circular dwellings with conical palm-thatched roofs and walls of woven vines caulked with clay. Ceremonial squares in the larger villages were the scenes of festivals, dances, and religious ceremonies.

Did You Know?

Fort Matanzas

Fort Matanzas in St. Augustine, Florida is named for the slaughter of French Huguenots from Fort Caroline in 1565. In Spanish, "matanzas" means slaughters. More...