• Sunrise over the Fort George River in the Timucuan Preserve.


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  • Fort Caroline Closed on November 2nd

    Fort Caroline National Memorial including Spanish Pond will be closed to the public on Sunday November 2nd, 2014. The visitor center and trails will reopen on Monday the 3rd of November. The Theodore Roosevelt Area and Ribault Column will remain open.

Timucua Daily Life

Historic drawing of a Timucua village
The Timucuans looked to the water for sustenance, settling along rivers or near the coast. (Their prehistoric ancestors are called “People of the Shell Mounds.”) Besides collecting shellfish and fishing, they hunted and gathered in the forests and swamps and planted maize, squash, and beans. In their often pallisaded villages, they lived in circular dwellings with conical palm-thatched roofs and walls of woven vines caulked with clay. Ceremonial squares in the larger villages were the scenes of festivals, dances, and religious ceremonies.

Did You Know?

Historic drawing showing Timucua women

Timucua women wore skirts made from cured Spanish moss, which is not a moss at all but a member of the bromeliad family. More...