Move to Haiti
Kingsley’s views were not shared by all planters, and circumstances for Florida’s black freemen worsened. In the late 1830’s, he relocated his wife and sons to Haiti. Kingsley had traveled and lived in Haiti before coming to Florida and described the country as “nearer to pure republicanism than any other”. There he set up a plantation for his family. Labor was provided by a number of his Florida slaves, who were freed and contracted to work under indenture.
The Fort George plantation was sold to his nephew Kingsley Beatty Gibbs in 1839. Kingsley continued to own property and slaves in Florida and did not live permanently in Haiti. He was in New York when he died on September 30, 1843. Perhaps as much as any of his writings, his will relates the philosophy of Zephaniah Kingsley.
To read Kingsley's will, click here.
Return to History of Kingsley Plantation.