• Sunrise over the Fort George River in the Timucuan Preserve.


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  • Fort Caroline Closed on November 2nd

    Fort Caroline National Memorial including Spanish Pond will be closed to the public on Sunday November 2nd, 2014. The visitor center and trails will reopen on Monday the 3rd of November. The Theodore Roosevelt Area and Ribault Column will remain open.

Explorers & Settlers of Fort Caroline

Drawing of Chief Athore and Explorer Jean Ribault

Chief Athore and Explorer Jean Ribault

Three hundred colonists left France to establish a permanent settlement in North America. Included were some of the leading families of France, wearing gilded armor and brightly colored clothes. Other representatives of French society included artisans to provide entertainment and produce drawings, and laborers to build the fort. The desire for permanency was illustrated by the inclusion of women, of whom at least four had husbands. Most were Huguenots, but there were also Catholics and agnostics. The colonists were seeking opportunity and freedom in a distant land.

Capturing the Events on Paper

French artist Jacques le Moyne de Morgues came with Laudonniere to Florida in 1564. His job was to paint images of the people, flora and fauna, and geography of this part of the New World. Le Moyne was one of the few who escaped from Fort de la Caroline when the Spanish attacked in 1565. He found refuge on a French boat, along with Laudonniere and several others, and returned to Europe, where he recreated from memory scenes of the New World. Click here for more on Le Moyne and Theodore de Bry…

Proceed to Settlement and Conflict.

Return to History of Fort Caroline.

Did You Know?

Firing demonstration at Fort Caroline, including an arquebus

The arquebus, a firearm used in the 15th to 17th centuries and carried by the French soldiers at Fort Caroline, weighs over 30 pounds. More...