• Sunrise over the Fort George River in the Timucuan Preserve.


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  • Fort Caroline Closed on November 2nd

    Fort Caroline National Memorial including Spanish Pond will be closed to the public on Sunday November 2nd, 2014. The visitor center and trails will reopen on Monday the 3rd of November. The Theodore Roosevelt Area and Ribault Column will remain open.

Chronology of Fort Caroline

Exploration through Destruction

Click here for an image of the routes taken for each voyage. (pdf file - 205 KB)

This map must be viewed using Adobe Acrobat Reader. To download this program (free), click here.

Ribault's First Expedition

18 Feb. 1562 - Ribault leaves le Havre
30 April - Ribault reaches the FL coast
1 May - He finds entrance of River of May
May 1563 - Ribault's book on FL is published in England

Laudonniere's Expedition

22 Apr. 1564 - Laudonniere leaves le Havre
22 June - He arrives off the coast of FL
25 June - He reaches River of May
25 June - He meets Saturiwa (Chief)
30 June - Founding of la Caroline
13 Nov. - Thirteen men desert the colony
May-June 1565 - Famine at la Caroline

Ribault's Second Expedition

22 Mar. 1565 - Menendez assigned to conquer Florida
26 May - Ribault leaves France
14 Aug. - Ribault reaches Florida coast
15 Aug. - Menendez leaves Puerto Rico with 5 vessels
25 Aug. - Menendez in sight of FL
28 Aug. - Ribault lands with reinforcements
4 Sept. - Menendez discovers Ribault's ships
8 Sept. - Menendez moves south and establishes St. Augustine
10-23 Sept. - Ribault's fleet sets out and destroyed by storms
17 Sept. - Menendez begins march on Fort Caroline
20 Sept. - Spanish capture Fort Caroline
25 Sept. - Two ships leave for France
29 Sept. - First massacre
10 Oct. - Menendez hears of Ribault's shipwreck
12 Oct. - Second massacre, Ribault slain
15 Nov. - Laudonniere arrives in England

De Gourgue' Expedition

Aug. 1567 - De Gourges departs

22 April 1568 - He lands in Florida

4 April - He takes the 2 Spanish forts

27 April - Captures Fort San Mateo (Fort Caroline)

27-28 April - Massacre of the Spaniards

3 May - De Gourgues leaves Florida

Return to Fort Caroline Home.

Did You Know?

Timucuan Trail logo

There is a formal partnership between the National Park Service, Florida Park Service, and City of Jacksonville called the Timucuan Trail State & National Parks. More...