• Sunrise over the Fort George River in the Timucuan Preserve.


    Ecological & Historic Preserve Florida

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  • Fort Caroline Closed on November 2nd

    Fort Caroline National Memorial including Spanish Pond will be closed to the public on Sunday November 2nd, 2014. The visitor center and trails will reopen on Monday the 3rd of November. The Theodore Roosevelt Area and Ribault Column will remain open.

History of American Beach

Welcome sign to American Beach

American Beach: In Jim-Crow Florida, a Haven for African Americans

Today the quiet little community of American Beach on Florida’s Amelia Island is in transition. Modest vacation homes dating from the 1930s share space with vacant lots, abandoned buildings, and newer, more elegant structures. High-rise condos and beachfront mansions have risen to the north and south in adjacent resorts. Though small in area, American Beach has played a significant role in recent African American history.

Choose from the links below to learn more about the history of American Beach:

Segregation Law

African American Determination

A Minority at its Leisure

1964, Beginning of the End

A community in transition

Essay on American Beach, by Dr. Carolyn Williams, professor of history at the University of North Florida

Return to American Beach Home.

This webpage was written by Larry Chase, park volunteer, April 2006.

Did You Know?

Fort Matanzas

Fort Matanzas in St. Augustine, Florida is named for the slaughter of French Huguenots from Fort Caroline in 1565. In Spanish, "matanzas" means slaughters. More...