• The setting sun over the Flint Hills casts shadows across the wide expanse of tallgrass prairie.

    Tallgrass Prairie

    National Preserve Kansas

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  • Reminder, Bison Are Wild Animals

    Windmill Pasture is home to the bison herd. They have been quite active in recent weeks. Please stay on the trails and use caution in their vicinity. Do not come in close contact with the bison. Allow at least 100 yards between you and the herd. More »

Your Safety

Bison Bulls Fighting

Bison bulls fighting

Photo courtesy of Wind Cave National Park

Animals in the park are wild and unpredictable. Do not feed the wildlife. When you feed animals they may become dependent on handouts and fail to survive the winter. They also become attracted to highways where they can be struck by passing vehicles.

Be aware that rattlesnakes are sometimes found around rock fences and in other areas of the park. All wildlife are protected at the preserve. It is illegal to kill any wildlife.

Bison Warning Signs
The bison tail's position is like a 'weather vane.' A tail hanging loosely behind indicates that the animal is relaxed. If the tail is partially raised, the bison is alert. If the tail is horizontal, the bison is excited. However, a tail raised upward is a warning; the bison is in a combative posture and may be ready to charge.
Bison can run 35 mph and may weigh a ton. Stay a safe distance (at least 75-100 yards from a bison) from all wildlife.

Bison Information
The bison is North America's largest grazing animal, numbering 30 to 60 million animals prior to European and American settlement. Bison at one time grazed throughout the preserve and the entire Flint Hills region, helping to sustain not only the landscape, but also the American Indian population that lived in the region for thousands of years.

Pet Safety
To protect your pet and park wildlife remember: pets are not permitted in the backcountry. They are permitted on the nature trails; Southwind Nature Trail, Bottomland Trail, and Fox Creek Trail.

Pets may not be left unattended and must be on a leash at all times. Be aware that ticks are common in high grass. They may affect you and/or your pet.

Did You Know?

Spring Hill Ranch at the Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve

Stephen F. Jones spent the modern equivalent of about $1.9 million building the Spring Hill Ranch complex including the stone fences, but only owned the property for 10 years and occupied the limestone ranch house for 5 1/2 years. Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve