Reminder, Bison Are Wild Animals
Windmill Pasture is home to the bison herd. They have been quite active in recent weeks. Please stay on the trails and use caution in their vicinity. Do not come in close contact with the bison. Allow at least 100 yards between you and the herd. More »
Handicap Parking Available at Visitor Center
For the next several months, the handicap parking area by the barn is closed until the barn construction project is complete. Handicap parking is available at the Visitor Center.
Virtual Tour Ranch House Spring Room
"Pioneers looked for a spring and built their homes near it. It kept their thirst (and that of their animals) satisfied and their food from spoiling. It was the only refrigeration known for years. Usually a house or building was built over the spring out of rock and a tree was planted near the door. A stone trough was built in the spring house. Through it ran cold, slow flowing spring water. Earthenware crocks of milk were placed, neck deep, in the water. It was always cool in the spring house, even in the warmest of days. A gourd dipper hung in the spring house so men coming in from the hot field could stop for a draft of cold water. The dog quenched his thirst from the overflow at the back of the spring house and a flock of ducks noisily investigated the trickling stream for tidbits. Watercress grew in the shallows."
Modern Refrigeration - 1880s Style
Photo showing the interior tunnel entrance leading from the original kitchen to the spring room. The screen door (black, narrow object) was added by Erma Slabaugh to check for snakes before entering the tunnel. The shower was added for ranchhands to clean up before the noon meal. One of the shower heads can be seen directly to the left of the lightbulb.
Photo of the spring room interior. Originally, Mr. Jones piped spring water through the kitchen, down the tunnel, and into the spring room where it collected in a trough. The directed and constant flowing cool, underground spring water encircled crocks filled with milk, butter, and cheese, keeping the food at a consistent temperature.
During the early 20th century, the springs stopped flowing at their original rate and it was no longer a viable cooling solution.However, even with no cool spring water, the room is still much cooler than the outside summertime temperatures.
The view is looking back into the tunnel between the spring room and the kitchen. Notice the crock sitting in the trough. The spring house was similar to our walk-in refrigerators and is still used today in some parts of the country.
This photo was taken in 1935. The original spring room floor was soil and stone. Sometime in history it was replaced with a concrete floor.
Photo showing the original entrance to the spring room before the interior tunnel was built. Sometime during occupancy, Mr. Jones installed a tunnel from the kitchen to the spring room. The doorway was still employed to bring in garden produce. From the 1887 lithograph, there appears to be a tower placed directly above the doorway with a window or skylight near the top.
Did You Know?
Killdeer; like chickens, ducks, and quail; are born with eyes open and can run just moments after birth. Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve